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Water and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

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Presented by IWMI's Peter McCornick at the World Water Day dialogue titled “Water, jobs and prosperity in Sri Lanka: Partnerships for sustainability”, held in IWMI Headquarters in Colombo Sri Lanka, on March 23, 2016.

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Water and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  1. 1. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Water and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Peter G. McCornick, PhD, PE, D.WRE. World Water Day Dialogue: Water, jobs and prosperity in Sri Lanka - Partnerships for sustainability International Water Management Institute Pelawatta, Sri Lanka March 23rd, 2016
  2. 2. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world World Economic Forum, Global Risks Report 2016 Water Risk
  3. 3. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Van der Bliek, McCornick & Clark (2014) Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
  4. 4. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Context is crucial Context if crucial - Countries at different stages of economic development SDG targets Stage 1 – Fully informal Stage 2 – Largely informal Stage 3 – Rapidly formalizing Stage 4 – Fully formal water industry Target 1 Investment Invest in local infrastructure to improve water access Invest in meso-level infrastructure for sustainable development of water resources Invest in improving water productivity and waste recycling Invest in 100% coverage in high quality water service provision Target 2 Institutional Make informal water institutions equitable Integrate informal water institutions with formal ones in private or public sector Create meso-level participatory water institutions Create a full-fledged water industry with proactive regulator Target 3 Policy and legal regime Establish basic water information system Establish water policy and legal regime Establish basin-level water allocation mechanism Full-fledged basin management authorities Target 4 Financial sustainability Establish the principle of water as a social and economic good Provide a subsidy on operational and maintenance costs to 50% Apply a 75% service fee for recovery of operational and maintenance costs of water infrastructure Apply 100% water service as well as resource fee for management, operations and
  5. 5. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all 6.1 by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all 6.2 by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all, and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations 6.3 by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater, and increasing recycling and safe reuse by x% globally 6.4 by 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity, and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity 6.5 by 2030 implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate 6.6 by 2020 protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes 6.A Clean Water & Sanitation SDG
  6. 6. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Managing groundwater sustainably • Agricultural is the largest user of groundwater globally • 44% of global food production is produced by groundwater, of which 33% is from non-renewable sources • India, China, Bangladesh and Pakistan = 1 billion households depend on GW for agriculture
  7. 7. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Installation of agro-wells and pumps 1965-2000 • Groundwater management in Sri Lanka is at a very nascent stage • Multiple mandates governing groundwater are across various institutions • Threatens the resource Groundwater (agro-well) in Sri Lanka: A silent revolution • Farmer’s private investments • Generates livelihoods and jobs along the value chain • Enables crop diversification • Increases resilience
  8. 8. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Managing groundwater sustainably
  9. 9. Rehabilitation Revitalization is more than just rehabilitation InternationalWaterManagementInstitute Pehur High Level Canal, Pakistan DavidMolden/IWMI Productivity Functioning Ecosystems HamishJohnAppleby/IWMI RichardSteckel/IWMI People Revitalizing irrigation systems for food, water, energy and ecosystems services
  10. 10. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world • One million new farm tube- wells are sunk in India every year, each one relying on electric or diesel powered pumps. • It takes an average of roughly 2,500 liters of water to produce 1 liter of liquid biofuel - the same amount needed, on average, to produce food for one person for one day. Water, Energy, Food & Environment SDG 6, 7, 2, 14 and others
  11. 11. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world SDG targets on wastewater management, recycling & reuse: other nexus benefits → reduced energy for chemical fertilizers, recovery of nutrients Multiple benefits from wastewater reuse, food security and energy reduction
  12. 12. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world • SDG 12.5 - substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse • SDG 6.6.1 on water related ecosystems Safeguarding our water bodies Solid waste Liquid waste Eravur Kalmunai Co- Composti ng Partnering with the Central Environmental Authority (CEA) to facilitate its use in Sri Lanka
  13. 13. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world • Achieving the SDG goal 6.6.1 on water related ecosystems • Working with the Central Environmental Authority (CEA) to facilitate its use in Sri Lanka Healthy Rivers How much water should be left in rivers to ensure they remain healthy? (Sri Lanka Environmental Flow Calculator)
  14. 14. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Ratnapura Nuwara Eliya Anuradhapura Vulnerabilityindex • Directly relevant to SDG Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts • Identify highly vulnerable areas • Identify river basins which have the highest potential (best candidates) for further increases in surface water storage capacity • Provide capacity building and expert advice to the Ministry of Mahaweli Development and Environment on climate change Adapting to Climate Change Improved water management is critical
  15. 15. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Water productivity is an indicator of the efficient use of water; water accounting is a monitoring tool. Water Accounting Plus (WA+) – partnership: IWMI, UNESCO-IHE, FAO – uses global open access data and the development of an international standard to express complex water management issues. WA+ presents the data in different sheets, allowing easy and quick access to particular topics, such as agricultural production, ecosystem services, useable flows and groundwater depletion. Targets & Monitoring: Water accounting
  16. 16. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Partnerships: Achieving all water-related goals will require a broad partnership within the water sector and beyond Opportunities for Growth: Emphasis should be on facilitating a sustainable and equitable growth path. Balancing the Scales: Large scale investments in water resources and agriculture need to complement, rather than undermine, small-scale producers Integration: Thinking across sectors and out of the ‘sectoral boxes’ has produced practical solutions Overarching messages
  17. 17. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world • Consider the contextual realities in a given country • Determine practical national targets, requirements and solutions for achieving targets and measuring progress • Identify evidence-based solutions and interventions Further Steps
  18. 18. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world

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