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Not Just ‘More of the Same’ - What SDG 6 means for the way we think about and manage our water

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Dr Claudia Sadoff, Director General, International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
Presented at the IWA WORLD WATER CONGRESS, TOKYO
September 2018

Published in: Science
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Not Just ‘More of the Same’ - What SDG 6 means for the way we think about and manage our water

  1. 1. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Not Just ‘More of the Same’ What SDG 6 means for the way we think about and manage our water Dr Claudia Sadoff Director General International Water Management Institute (IWMI) 2018 IWA WORLD WATER CONGRESS, TOKYO September 2018
  2. 2. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world MDG 7c: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water & sanitation The MDGs (2000-2015) Halve the % of population without access YES! No…. “Pop Quiz”
  3. 3. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world SDG6SynthesisReport2018(UN-Water) The MDGs (2000-2015) Halve the % of population without access
  4. 4. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Ensure availability & sustainable management of water & sanitation for all 8 Targets + 10 Indicators
  5. 5. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world 2.1 billion lack access to safely managed drinking water 68 countries not on track to universal basic water services by 2030 10 declining coverage in % terms Safe & affordable drinking water for all Proportion of Population & Rates of Change for Basic Drinking Water Services (2015) SDG 6 Synthesis Report 2018 (UN-Water)
  6. 6. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Adequate sanitation & hygiene for all 4.5 billion lack access to safely managed sanitation 89 countries not on track to universal basic sanitation by 2030 20 declining coverage in % terms Proportion of Population & Rates of Change for Basic Sanitation (2015) SDG 6 Synthesis Report 2018 (UN-Water)
  7. 7. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Improve water quality, wastewater treatment & safe reuse WHO – UN-HABITAT, 2018 • Water quality is worsening • >80% of wastewater discharged untreated • Mineral fertilizers grew 10x (1960) • Pesticide sales grew 35x ($ terms since1970) • Livestock 3x (1970) • Chemicals, medicines, hormones, micro-plastics … % of Safely Treated Households Wastewater
  8. 8. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Increase water-use efficiency & ensure freshwater supplies Data sources: FAO AQUASTAT, 2016 • Water stress: 2bn people & rising worldwide • Irrigation is 70% of global water withdrawals • Advances in agricultural water use efficiency key • Also ‘non-conventional’ water, i.e., recycled wastewater, desalination, rainwater Level of Water Stress
  9. 9. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Implementing integrated water resources management SDG 6.5.1: IWRM 38% of countries ≥ medium-high IWRM SDG 6.5.2: Transboundary Cooperation 59% of basins agreements Note: SDG 6.5 target is “as appropriate” Sources: UNEP-DHI, 2018 Reported IWRM Implementation
  10. 10. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Protect & restore water-related ecosystems 70% of natural wetlands lost over the last century Biodiversity & vital ecosystem services 35% of terrestrial carbon stored in wetlands (2xtwice that in forests) Wetland Extent Trend Index Source: JRC
  11. 11. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Clearly, not more of the same
  12. 12. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Ambitious targets require ambitious solutions Integrated Service Delivery - Resource Management Solutions Governance Information Capacity Financing Equity Cooperation Technical & Engineering Solutions Institutional & Governance Solutions
  13. 13. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Technical Solutions: Circular Economy Integrated Urban Water Management
  14. 14. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Technical Solutions: Circular Economy Integrating planning across scales Basin Connected Cities
  15. 15. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Remove hazards from the environment Return resources - water, nutrients and energy – to productive uses • Groundwater recharge • Industrial & landscape water • Salt-water intrusion barrier wells • Fertilizer pellets from sludge • Energy from biogas Technical Solutions: Circular Economy Resource Reuse and Recycling
  16. 16. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Governance Solutions: Information & Analytics Earth Observation Systems Modelling Water Accounting
  17. 17. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world SDG 6 is essential for virtually all other SDGs SDG 6 Synthesis Report 2018 (UN-Water)
  18. 18. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Water is key to food, health and poverty SDGs
  19. 19. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Water is a key to resilience for cities Source: GFDRR 2018 fire s flooding aging infrastructure supply crises landslides service interruptions
  20. 20. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Water connects land to oceans in a source-to-sea continuum Source: Granit et al. (2017)
  21. 21. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world 3 Paradigms to Revisit Water Economics • Conservation, sustainability, efficiency, allocation Water Engineering • Circular systems • Multi-purpose planning • Nature-based infrastructure Water Management • Effective governance • Adaptive, flexible • Information-based trade-offs for multiple stakeholders
  22. 22. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Summary • We are not on track to meet SDG 6 • If we fail SDG 6, we will struggle with all SDGs • Ambitious targets require ambitious solutions • We must be ambitious • We are the water managers, engineers, scientists and citizens who must Shape our Water Future
  23. 23. www.iwmi.org A water-secure world Thank You

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