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Crossed contributions of two
participatory approaches in Burkina Faso
and in Ghana: example of the project V4
to support I...
Quick overview of the V4 project
• One Research question:
How to breach the gap between the rhetoric and the
practices of ...
V4 Project : Case studies
Burkina Faso
Supporting an existing platform (CLE)
Bougouriba 7 (Mouhoun/Black Volta river basin...
Principles of the ComMod approach
• Natural Resource Management
is complex, dynamic and
collective decision are taken
unde...
Principles of the ComMod approach
• Model as an
intermediary tool
– Model built with
the different
stakeholders
– Transpar...
Steps of the process in BF and Gh
1. Build partnership with
policy makers and
water management
institutions
« What I know ...
3. The involvement of stakeholders belonging to different
« levels » to define a common issue : MSP/level
« What is a CLE?...
4. MSP with all the « levels » of stakeholders
• design the action plan • design a “smaller”
management structure
On the w...
Conclusion… Next steps and crossing
Find common issues to
transform the action plan
into concrete actions
The common diffi...
Discussion: V4 was it so
participatory and adaptive?
Pretty grid
7 scales of participation
(Pretty, 1995)
passive particip...
Many thanks to
Our Institutional partners (PAGIRE & WRC)
and all the Members of the
• Communities (Zongoiri, Widnaba, Bans...
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Crossed contributions of 2 participatory approaches in Burkina Faso & Ghana example of IWRM policies

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by W. Dareé, J.P. Venot, F. Kizito, B.M. Torou, A. Aduna, P. Zoungrana, C. Le Page, F. Jankowski, K. Snyder, P. d'Aquino, M. Kambou
Presented at the Final Volta Basin Development Challenge Science Workshop, September 2013

Published in: Business, Travel
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Crossed contributions of 2 participatory approaches in Burkina Faso & Ghana example of IWRM policies

  1. 1. Crossed contributions of two participatory approaches in Burkina Faso and in Ghana: example of the project V4 to support IWRM policies Daré W., Venot J.P , Kizito F., Torou BM, Aduna A., Zoungrana P., Le Page C. Jankowski F., Snyder K., d’Aquino P., Kanton, Kambou M., and the interns: Gumah I., Lasiter K., Ouedraogo I., Sanou K., Siri Y., Sulemana T. Stawicki S., Walaszek A.,,
  2. 2. Quick overview of the V4 project • One Research question: How to breach the gap between the rhetoric and the practices of IWRM in Ghana and Burkina Faso? • One overall objective : Support on-going IWRM policy initiatives through multilevel participatory processes (ComMod approach)
  3. 3. V4 Project : Case studies Burkina Faso Supporting an existing platform (CLE) Bougouriba 7 (Mouhoun/Black Volta river basin) Ghana Accompanying the emergence of watershed concerns “Zebilla” Area (White Volta) (UER)
  4. 4. Principles of the ComMod approach • Natural Resource Management is complex, dynamic and collective decision are taken under uncertainty – => future is unpredictable – => simulation to support better understanding of the situation (differences & common points) – Importance of the process rather than the results • Multiple points of view are all legitimate
  5. 5. Principles of the ComMod approach • Model as an intermediary tool – Model built with the different stakeholders – Transparency of process – Adaptiveness of the process Analysis of the issue Conception of a model Participatory simulation Second issue Tuning of the model First issue Analysis of the issue Modification of a model Participatory simulation
  6. 6. Steps of the process in BF and Gh 1. Build partnership with policy makers and water management institutions « What I know about research is that some people write proposals somewhere and bring us in only at a later stage. We don’t know how the research was started and your inputs gets limited. It is not easy to understand if you are not part of it [righ from the beginning].In this one we are developping the proposals together and we know where it is going. When it comes to implementation we will be in position to contribute effectively. » Aaron Aduna, WRC, Ghana 2. Build the participatory strategy (who, what for, how?) Burkina Faso Operationalization of the WLC (CLE) Ghana Water issues ????
  7. 7. 3. The involvement of stakeholders belonging to different « levels » to define a common issue : MSP/level « What is a CLE? » Role, stakes, actions, with whom, which mandate Burkina Faso Ghana
  8. 8. 4. MSP with all the « levels » of stakeholders • design the action plan • design a “smaller” management structure On the way to…
  9. 9. Conclusion… Next steps and crossing Find common issues to transform the action plan into concrete actions The common difficulties they may encounter in the process of designing the “smaller” management structure Burkina Faso Ghana
  10. 10. Discussion: V4 was it so participatory and adaptive? Pretty grid 7 scales of participation (Pretty, 1995) passive participation participation by providing information Participation through consultation Participation for material incentives Functional participation Interactive participation Self-mobilization - people participate in joint analysis, which leads to action plans and the creation or strengthening of local institutions. - Use of interdisciplinary methodologies that seek multiple perspectives and use systematic and structured learning processes. - But these groups have control over local decisions, so that people have an interest in maintaining structures or practices
  11. 11. Many thanks to Our Institutional partners (PAGIRE & WRC) and all the Members of the • Communities (Zongoiri, Widnaba, Bansi, Binduri, Nafkuliga, Binaba, Mognori and Bazua ) • Communities in the provinces of Dano, Ioba and Bougouriba, • Districts Assembly of Bawku M, Zebilla, Binduri), • Water Agencies (Mouhoun, Nakambé, WVBB), • South West Region and Upper East Region • National, regional and provincial sectoral ministries • and members of the vision teams williams.dare@cirad.fr Green Research Unit, CIRAD

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