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Man made disasters

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gives a view on 7 main disasters and their precautions

Man made disasters

  1. 1. MAN MADE DISASTERS
  2. 2. DEFINITION <ul><li>Disasters can be man made where the cause is intentional or unintentional . All kinds of man made disasters lead to human suffering , loss of life and long term damage to a nations economy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF MAN MADE DISASTERS <ul><li>Nuclear disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Biological disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Fire accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Road accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemic </li></ul>
  4. 4. NUCLEAR ACCIDENTS <ul><li>It is a type of explosion deriving its force from nuclear reactions of fission and fusion . It is of two types fission and fusion . Egs. Of fission are atomic bombs , A-bombs , fission bombs . Egs. Of fusion bombs are hydrogen bombs , H-bombs , fusion bombs etc. </li></ul>
  5. 5. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>Common indicators of these disasters are vomiting , nausea , dizziness etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t look at fire as it causes instant blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Close all doors and windows as radioactivity doesn’t penetrate into solid structures </li></ul><ul><li>Cover all food and water and listen govt. orders </li></ul>
  6. 6. BIOLOGICAL DISASTERS <ul><li>These are referred as poor mans nuclear bomb as these are easy to manufacture , transport and have the ability to kill hundreds and thousands of people. They are delivered using dusting airplanes or small perfumes atomizers . They have ability to generate immediate effects. </li></ul>
  7. 7. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>The WHO should lay emphasis on prohibition against biological warfare </li></ul><ul><li>We should immediately get away from an suspicious thing </li></ul><ul><li>Cover your mouth with a wet cloth </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to T.V. and Radio for further GOVT. instructions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. CHEMICAL DISASTERS <ul><li>Disasters that are caused by the excessive use and misuse of chemicals in industries are called chemical disasters . The irresponsible handling of powerful chemicals can cause widespread devastation </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>Industries using harmful and powerful chemicals should be located far away from residential areas </li></ul><ul><li>There should be surveys to keep a check on their activity </li></ul><ul><li>The govt. should formulate an emergency plan to in case of an accident </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution levels should be checked and maintained </li></ul>
  10. 10. FIRE ACCIDENTS <ul><li>Accidents that are caused due to fire are quite common . Fire results in heavy damage both in terms of life and property . Loss of life is high in a crowded building. </li></ul>
  11. 11. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>The main reason is poor wiring and faulty electrical equipment , leaking gas or carelessly thrown cigarettes and matches </li></ul><ul><li>The main power supply source is good condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Wire should be properly covered </li></ul><ul><li>Inflammable things should be kept out of reach of children </li></ul><ul><li>Power points shouldn’t be overloaded </li></ul>
  12. 12. TRAVEL ACCIDENTS <ul><li>Travel accidents are quite common. An accident which involves a no. of people becomes a disaster. Eg of these disasters are air crashes , train or vehicles collisions , capsizing of boats etc </li></ul>
  13. 13. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>All efforts should be made to carry victims to nearby hospital </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, first aid can be given to victims </li></ul><ul><li>It is the duty of people present there to get trapped people out </li></ul><ul><li>If we smell fuel at accident site , warn people and don’t light fire </li></ul>
  14. 14. TERRORISM <ul><li>This is another type of disaster that results in loss of life and property. Terrorists use violence and strike without warning. They use bombs , guns etc to terrorize people </li></ul>
  15. 15. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>We must inform police if we come across any suspected group of people </li></ul><ul><li>We must stay away from any suspicious things and inform police about that. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not accept packages from strangers </li></ul><ul><li>Do not leave luggage unattended while traveling </li></ul>
  16. 16. EPIDEMIC <ul><li>Epidemic occurs when a disease attacks a large no of people at one time. It spreads at rapid rate among human population . Most of diseases are spread after natural disaster like tsunami , flood etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. PRECAUTIONS <ul><li>Ensure safe drinking water , sanitation after a disaster . </li></ul><ul><li>Health workers should be trained. </li></ul><ul><li>Covering of all stored water containers </li></ul><ul><li>A surveillance should be established to detect outbreaks </li></ul>

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