Fields of digital image processing slides


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Fields of digital image processing slides

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  2. 2. A digital image is a representation of a two-dimensional image as a finite set of digital values, called picture elements or pixels 2
  3. 3. Fields in DIP2. Gamma Rays3. X-Rays4. Ultraviolet Rays5. Visible and Infrared Rays6. Microwave Rays7. Radio Band 3
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  5. 5.  Gamma rays are used in Medicine and Astronomical Observations. It is also used in Bone Pathology. It is used to find the Tumors and Infections in our body. 5
  6. 6.  In Nuclear Medicine, Rays are passed into our body with a Radioactive isotope that emits gamma rays as it decays. The images are produced and they are collected by Gamma Ray Detectors. 6
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  8. 8.  It is used widely used in  Medical Diagnostics  Astronomy In Medical, Rays are generated using X-Rays tube, which is a Vacuum Tubes with a Cathode and Anode. 8
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  10. 10. ANGIOGRAPHY, is used to obtain images about the Blood Vessels.Catheter is small, flexible and hollow tube.Higher energy X-rays are used in Industrial processes. 10
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  12. 12. UV rays are widely used in Lithography Industrial Inspection Microscopy Lasers Biological Imaging Astronomical Observations 12
  13. 13. UV lights is us in Fluorescence microscopy. It is one of the fastest growing areas of Microscopy. Fluorescence is a method discovered in the middle nineteenth century. The ULTRAVIOLET Rays are not Visible, when photon of ULTRAVIOLET radiations collides with an electron in an atom of fluorescent produces electrons with lots of energy. 13
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  15. 15.  Microscope allows us to see any tiny images with a well detailed form. Even at times objects viewed through a Microscope will not provide any clear ideas about the objects. To provide a competition to it and view in a well detailed manner another major area is used in visual processing called Visual and Infrared rays. 15
  16. 16. Infrared and Visible rays plays an important roles such as1. Microscopy2. Astronomy3. Remote Sensing4. Industry5. Law Enforcement 16
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  18. 18.  The above image is taken from the Satellite, which is a image view of Washington D.C., which each images represents features such as Buildings, roads, vegetation, and rivers. The images in 4th and 5th are taken from Visible rays. Which can be easily identified by our eyes. 18
  19. 19.  NASA’s LANDSAT satellite’s main function is to obtain and send images of Earth from Space. The Bands are expressed in terms of WAVELENGTH, with 1 µm equal to 10-6 m on the planet. 19
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  21. 21.  The Image is taken from space which states about Hurricane. Taken by a NATIONAL OCEANOGRAPHIC and ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION (NOAA) they used Visible and Infrared rays. 21
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  23. 23.  The images obtained illustrates an application of Infrared Imaging. These images are part of Nighttime Lights of the human settlements. The Images are generated by the Infrared imaging system mounted on a NOAA Defense Meteorological Satellite Program satellite (DMSP). 23
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  25. 25. Example 1This image is acontrollerboard for aCD-ROM, atypical imageprocessingtask with thisproduct is tofind or inspectmissing parts. 25
  26. 26. Example 2Theidea isto findmissingcapsule. 26
  27. 27. Example 3In thisimage, wecan find anotacceptablefilledliquidlevel. 27
  28. 28. Example 4A clearplastic partwith anunacceptable number ofair pocketsin it. 28
  29. 29. Example 5Shows abatch ofcereal duringinspection forcolor andpresence ofanomalieslike burnedflakes. 29
  30. 30. Image processing techniques are usedextensively by law enforcers.Number plate recognition for speedcameras/automated toll systems. 30
  31. 31. Fingerprint recognitionIt is very useful in finding the difference between each and every finger Printers,which are much useful in Forensic reports. 31
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  33. 33.  The dominant application of imaging in the Microwave band is Radar. The very important feature of imaging Radar is its ability to collect data over virtually any region Radar at any time in any Weather or light condition. Some Radar waves can penetrate through clouds and also penetrate through vegetation and icy regions. 33
  34. 34. How Radar waves are generated? Instead of a camera lens, a radar uses an antenna and Digital Computer Processing to record images. In a Radar image, one can see only a Microwave energy that reflected from the Radar Antenna. 34
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  36. 36. Major uses of Radio bands:MedicineAstronomy In Medicine, Radio Waves are used in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). This techniques places the patients in a powerful magnet and passes Radio waves through their body in very short pulses (in seconds). 36
  37. 37. Each pulse causes a responding pulse of radio waves to be emitted by the patients tissues.The location is then identified by the computer, which produces a 2-Dimensional picture.These MRI’s can be used to take pictures in any plane. 37
  38. 38. Slides Created by SRINATHSeminar taken by PARTHIBAN & SRINATH 38
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