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The election of 1800 2
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The election of 1800 2


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  • 1. The Election of 1800
  • 2. The Election of 1800 • Sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800” • Vice President Thomas Jefferson vs. President John Adams • This election marked the decline of the Federalist Party • Democratic-Republican party gained power
  • 3. The Election of 1800 • The political campaigns of both parties were very much like modern ones due to their use of propaganda to get votes • The main debated topics were: – the tax imposed by Congress to pay for the war against France – The opposition to the Alien and Sedition Acts
  • 4. Bitter Rivalries • The election was clearly separated between those who were: – pro-French and pro-decentralization republicans – pro-British and pro-centralization federalists • The election was a long, bitter rivalry due to opposing opinions between both political parties
  • 5. John Adams• Adams was a pro-British and pro-centralization federalist • Adams was not able to win because of the disorganization of the Federalist Party • His severed ties between Alexander Hamilton and himself crippled the Federalist Party
  • 6. Thomas Jefferson • Jefferson was a pro- French and pro- decentralization republican • Was able to win in the end due to the organization at the state and local levels • Claimed that the Alien and Sedition Acts were against the Constitution and people’s rights
  • 7. The Achilles' Heel • The Election of 1800 was based off of votes from the electoral college • It was flawed due to the fact that – Presidents were chosen by the most number of votes – Vice Presidents were chosen by the second highest number of votes – Presidents and their chosen Vice President were on separate ballots
  • 8. How It Did (and Didn’t) Work • The Republican’s plan: – Abstain a vote from Aaron Burr to secure Jefferson’s win • The plan got messed up, causing Jefferson and Burr to tie in votes • The vote was then put into the hands of the then-Federalist House of Representatives • This resulted in a week-long deadlock
  • 9. The Fumbling Federalists • The disorganization between the Federalists caused the deadlock • Many Federalists voted for Burr • Though Hamilton strongly disliked both candidates, he lobbied for Jefferson and against Aaron Burr • This led to Burr’s and Hamilton’s fateful showdown
  • 10. The Result • Jefferson was able to secure the vote due to Hamilton’s lobbying and Burr’s absence of effort to win • The Twelfth Amendment, ratified by Congress in 1804, stated that Electors are to make a choice between their selected • A ‘revolution’ of sorts took place, transferring power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans
  • 11. THE END Or is it…..?