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2nd Party System


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2nd Party System

  1. 1. The Second Party System: Whigs and Democrats
  2. 2. First Party System <ul><li>Hamiltonians and Jeffersonians </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton’s Financial Plan </li></ul>
  3. 3. Second Party System– 1828 to 1854 <ul><li>DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of the federalists </li></ul>
  4. 4. Presidential Party Affiliations <ul><li>Washington– Federalist (unofficially) </li></ul><ul><li>Adams– Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson– Anti-federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Madison– Anti-federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Monroe– Anti-Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>John Q. Adams– Anti-federalist </li></ul>
  5. 5. Second Party System– 1828 to 1854 <ul><li>DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of the federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Panic of 1819 </li></ul><ul><li>Slavery </li></ul>
  6. 6. Beliefs <ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>Aristocratic </li></ul><ul><li>No Universal White Male Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>American System </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Federal government over states rights </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Common Man </li></ul><ul><li>Universal White Male Suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-American System </li></ul><ul><li>Many pro-slavery members </li></ul><ul><li>States rights over federal government </li></ul>
  7. 7. Second Party System <ul><li>Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders of party included Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and William Seward </li></ul>Clay Webster
  8. 8. Second Party System <ul><li>Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders included Presidents Jackson and Van Buren </li></ul><ul><li>Also Lewis Cass (popular sovereignty), Stephen Douglas (Lincoln debates), and James Polk </li></ul>
  9. 9. Later Parties… <ul><li>3 rd Party System 1854 </li></ul><ul><li>4 th Party System 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>5 th Party System 1930s </li></ul>
  10. 10. The End