IMMIGRATION- 1.7- 2.8 million immigrants 1830-1860- Majority were German and Irish- - Troubles in Homeland caused immigration
THE IRISH- Irish Famine of 1845- -Immigrants worked low wages in dangerous factories.- -Lived in slum tenements.- - Discriminated against because of Religion and ethnicity.
IRISH AND AMERICA -Irish were discriminated against for religion.- Irish Catholics created Catholic parishes- - parishes were tight knit and supportive.- - Brought St. Patricks Day and beer among other things, to American culture.
GERMANS- Germans brought more money when immigrating.- Majority moved to Pennsylvania and Wisconsin to setup communities.
MORE GERMANS-Germans immigrated due to religion and politics.- Amish and Mennonites ( called the Pennsylvania Dutch) were Germans who immigrated for religion.
NATIVISMAmerican Nativism: The idea that people born in America,” Natives,” should have their interests valued above those of the new immigrants.
NATIVISTS AND DISCRIMINATION- Nativists worried about jobs and Catholic influence- -Worried about growing close-knit Irish community- -Organized to create Order of Star Spangled banner
NATIVIST POLITICSKnow Nothings wanted to limit the amount of immigrants allowed in and create restrictive laws on naturalization. They had smear campaigns against immigrants and often would cause mass violence.
NATIVISM AND MASS POLITICSNativists eventually formed the American Party, which James W Barker and former president Millard Filllmore would run under. The party would decline due to unpopular policy. Nativism continues today with the issue of Mexican immigration.