The Presidential Election of 1800 Dirty Politics, Redefined.
The CandidatesFederalists Democratic-RepublicansPresident John Adams Vice-President Thomas JeffersonCharles Pinckney -US Minister to France Senator Aaron Burr-pro-manufacturing and trade -pro-agriculture-supports strong Central -supports strong stategovernment governments
The Federalists Main Target:Thomas JeffersonFederalists called himan atheist who would:allow Democratic-Republicans to murderFederalists.burn churchesdestroy the country
Democratic-Republican complaints:Democratic-Republicans were somewhat suppressed fromcriticizing Adams because of the Sedition Act.They did criticize the Federalists for supporting Britain andwanting to make themselves into royalty.
Backroom dealings and dirty politicsAlexander Hamilton and a group of so-called "HighFederalists," conspired to sabotage Adams and get Pinckneyelected.However, Hamiltons plans were exposed and his wholescheme backfired and split the Federalist Party, allowing theDemocratic-Republicans to win out......but......
ProblemsJefferson won the popular vote by a high percentage (61.4%),but he finished in a tie with Aaron Burr, the other Democratic-Republican.Since there was a tie, the election went to the House ofRepresentatives.From February 11-17 of 1801, the House voted 35 times withno winner. Alexander Hamilton furiously tried to convincemany Federalists to vote for Jefferson. He said he supportedJefferson because he was "by far not so dangerous a man" asBurr. Hed rather have a president with the "wrong" principles,than someone (like Burr) who appeared to have none.
Results?On the 36th Ballot, Jefferson was elected.Aaron Burr became Vice-President. After one term, he wasdropped and then lost an election for Governor of New York.He blamed Hamilton for his personal failures and challengedhim to a duel.On July 11, 1804, the two had a pistol duel. Hamilton waskilled.
The 12th AmendmentTo prevent another fiasco like this one, the 12th Amendmentwas put through and ratified.The amendment provides that the President and Vice-President will be voted on separately.In case of an electoral tie, the President is voted on by theHouse, and the Vice-President by the Senate.