Marbury V. Madison Powerpoint


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Marbury V. Madison Powerpoint

  1. 1. Marbury v. Madison By: Molly
  2. 2. In the Beginning… <ul><li>George Washington was president and then John Adams was president, during this time only member of the Federalist Party could be in administration and judiciary positions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Adams last Important law passed… <ul><li>The Judiciary Act of 1801, created sixteen new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. </li></ul><ul><li>Adams stayed at his desk until nine o’clock at night on his last day in office, signing the commissions of Federalists “midnight judges.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Only three commissions were actually signed on his last day.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. In the Republican’s eye… <ul><li>The lifetime post of anti-Jeffersonian partisans, was an attempt by the Federalists to fill one of the three powerful branches of government with only their party. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Newly Elected Republican Congress… <ul><li>Attempted to repeal the Judiciary Act of 1801 the year after it was put in place. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jeffersonians then took sixteen benches from under the recently seated “midnight Judges.” </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson was not happy with the fact that John Marshall was Chief Justice, but there was not really anything he could do about it. </li></ul>
  6. 6. John Marshall <ul><li>Even though Marshall and Jefferson represented separate parties, they were cousins. </li></ul><ul><li>Marshall dominated the Supreme Court with his powerful, intellectual, and commanding personality. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Main Question of the Case… <ul><li>The main question of Marbury v. Madison was the controversy of who had the final authority to determine the meaning of the constitution. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Two Opposing Sides… <ul><li>Jefferson tried to get the right to the individual states. </li></ul><ul><li>But, Marshall, Jefferson’s cousin, cleverly promoted the principle of “judicial review”- idea that the Supreme Court alone had the last word of constitutionality. Pg 232 in book </li></ul>
  9. 9. Samuel Chase… <ul><li>Chase was very unpopular with Republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson urged impeachment of arrogant Supreme Court Justice, Samuel Chase. </li></ul>
  10. 10. House of Representatives… <ul><li>Impeachment charges against Chase were voted by the House of Reps. In 1804. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indictment by the House was based on “High Crimes, and Misdemeanors,” specified in the constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>Chase was not actually guilty of “high crimes” only of unrestrained partnership, and he had a big mouth.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. The End of the Case… <ul><li>Technically Madison won, but there was a bigger picture than just who won. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a victory for independence of the judiciary and for the separation of powers among the 3 branches of government. </li></ul><ul><li>Without the separation of powers between the 3 branches, the judiciary branch was pretty much nonexistent. </li></ul>