Background• Many Americans did not profess traditional Christian beliefs.• The Adventists were getting ready for the second coming of Jesus.
Beginning• Started in the late 1 700s, early 1800s.• The revival began in the southern frontier.• There were traveling “camp meetings”.• The preachers would yell and scream the sermons.• People became more active and less passive during church time. • This included singing, which is still common today.
The Sermons• The biggest thing that changed was the preacher’s attitudes during the sermons.• The would yell to the audience to repent for their sins.
Peter Cartwright• The best known Methodist “circuit rider”.• He had a bellowing voice and would flail his arms to get his message of repentance across.• He converted thousands.• He would knock out “rowdies” who attempted to disrupt his meetings.
Charles Grandison Finney• The greatest of the revival preachers.• He was trained as a lawyer, but left to become a evangelist after he himself was converted by a deeply moving experience.• He was very articulate and used that to captivate his audience.• He held massive revivals in Rochester and New York City in 1830 and 1831.• Denounced alcohol and slavery.• Served as president of Oberlin College in Ohio. • Helped to make it a place of revivalist activity and abolitionism.
Feminism• Middle-class women made up the majority of the new church members.• Women were some of the most passionate revivalists.• Evangelicals preached a gospel of female spiritual worth.
The Rise of New Religions• The Second Great Awakening created many new sects of Christianity. • Millerites was a group, led by William Miller, which thought Christ would return on October 22, 1844. This inaccurate interpretation of the Bible didn’t completely destroy the movement. • Methodists • Baptists• Many of these new sects came from less affluent and less learned areas, compared to the already established sects such as Presbyterians, Congregationalists, and Unitarians.
Impact on Society• Helped to refuel America’s Christian spirit.• Created more sects of Christianity. • Before the revolution, the largest denominations were Congregationalists and Anglicans, but by the 1800s, Evangelical Methodism and Baptist were fast growing religions.• Promoted the Woman’s Movement.• Supported the abolishment of slavery.