Election 1824 1828

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Election 1824 1828

  1. 1. 1824
  2. 2.  Missouri Compromise (1821) set slavery issue aside until the 1850s  War of 1812 is over Bit o’ background
  3. 3. the CandidatesMeet John Quincy Adams Andrew Jackson Henry Clay William H. Crawford
  4. 4. The Candidates  Son of the second president  Served as Secretary of State under James Monroe since 1817  Unexciting personality  Long experience made him logical and qualified candidate Meet
  5. 5. the Candidates  American Hero  Victory over British in Battle of New Orleans-1815  Senator of Tennessee in 1823  Self-educated  Fiery temper Meet
  6. 6. the Candidates  Speaker of the House  Pushed Missouri Compromise through Congress  Had great power in House of Representatives  If candidates win in Electoral College he could shift the votes Meet
  7. 7. the Candidates  Senator of Georgia  Secretary of the Treasury under James Madison  Suffered a stroke in 1823; left partially paralyzed and unable to speak  Still had some support Meet
  8. 8. Constitutional Requirements  U.S. Constitution states: candidate needs to win majority vote in Electoral College  Not met by any candidate  Election must be decided in House of Representatives Meeting
  9. 9.  Henry Clay (you know, the one with advantages in the House of Representatives?) was automatically eliminated  Constitution: Only top 3 candidates can be considered (that means Clay can change the vote if he wants to)
  10. 10.  In January of 1824 John Quincy Adams invited Henry Clay to visit his home  They talked for hours-the entire conversation was unrecorded  Did they make some kind of deal? No one knows
  11. 11.  February 9, 1825:  Each state gets one vote  Henry Clay CLEARLY announced he supported Adams  ADAMS WON THE VOTE AND WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT
  12. 12. On  Henry Clay ran for president…again  Lost to Andrew Jackson: 1832  Lost to James Knox Polk: 1844  Died in 1852 Later
  13. 13. 1828
  14. 14. Bit o’ Background
  15. 15.  1828 began a two-party system; set precedent for system still used today  National Republicans vs. Democratic Republicans “Democrats”
  16. 16. don’t Attract  Adams refused to get involved with campaign tactics  So offended he didn’t write in his journal from August 1828 until after the election  Jackson was so upset that he and his wife got more involved in mud-slinging  Gave newspaper editors guidelines on how to counter attacks and how to create their own Opposites
  17. 17. And the president is…
  18. 18.  Appealed to the common folk  Won popular and electoral vote  Afterwards…  Wife-Rachel-suffered a heart attack and died before inauguration  Jackson always blamed political opponents for her death  When he arrived at the inauguration  Refused to pay customary courtesy call on losing candidate  John Quincy Adams responded by not attending
  19. 19. On  Adams returned to Massachusetts  Ran for House of Representatives in 1830  Won  Served 17 years  Died in U.S. capitol-in the actual building  Suffered a stroke in February 1848  Jackson served a total of 2 terms  Died in June 1845 Later
  20. 20. • peoplequiz.com/images • http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents • http://history1800s.about.com/od/leaders/a/electionof1824. htm

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