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Japanese Internment & Korematsu v. United States

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Japanese Internment & Korematsu v. United States

  1. 1. Japanese Internment & Korematsu v. United States MAST High School U.S. History – Period 4 Ms. Richardson
  2. 2. Attack on Pearl Harbor (Dec. 7th, 1941) • Immediate impact: U.S. declares war on Japan entering WWII. • 2,400 dead / 1,178 wounded • 300 aircrafts damaged/destroyed • 19 battleship/destroyers/ cruisers – damaged/destroyed
  3. 3. Executive Order 9066 • When: February 19, 1942 • Japanese-Americans had to evacuate [leave] the West Coast. • Relocation of approximately 120,000 people to internment camps.
  4. 4. Korematsu v. United States (1944) • Fred Korematsu: American-born citizen of Japanese descent refused to leave his home in California (violating Executive Order 9066). • Was convicted, he appealed, and in 1944 his case reached the Supreme Court. – The Court agreed with gov’t – The need to protect the country was a greater priority than the individual rights of the Japanese and Japanese Americans.
  5. 5. War & Civil Liberties • Espionage Act – 1917 -Made it illegal to interfere with military operations, including the draft. - $10,000 fine/20 years • Sedition Act (1918-1921) -Made it illegal to criticize the government (anti- war & unpatriotic sentiments).
  6. 6. Atomic Bomb (August 1945) • U.S. dropped atomic bomb on Hiroshima -wiped out 90% of the city -immediately killed 80,000 people -tens of thousands more would later die of radiation exposure. • U.S. dropped atomic bomb Nagasaki -Approximately 40,000 dead

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