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Robotics

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. GUIDENCE BY Mr. P.PENCHALAIAH SIR(M.C.A). Ms.SUBBALAKSHMI MADAM(M.C.A) PRESENTED BY SP.Poorna Prakash, H.T.NO:3609116, M.C.A(2/3).
  • 3. ROOT MAP
    • INTRODUCTION.
    • WHAT IS ROBOTICS…?
    • COMPONENTS OF ROBOTS.
    • LAWS OF ROBOTICS.
    • ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.
    • ROBOT APPLICATIONS.
    • ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES.
    • FUTURE OF ROBOTICS.
    • CONCLUSION.
  • 4. INTRODUCTION
    • Any automatically operated machine that replaces human effort, though it may not resemble human beings in appearance or perform functions in a humanlike manner.
    • The term is derived from the Czech word robota, meaning "forced labour”.
    • The word "robot' was coined by Karel Capek who wrote a play entitled "R.U.R." or "Rossum's Universal Robots" back in 1921.
  • 5. WHAT IS ROBOTICS…?
    • Robotics is science of designing or building an application of robots.
    • The aim of robotics is to design an efficient robot .
    • robot will become efficient if it can think for thinking robotics uses AI technology For manufacturing robots .
  • 6. COMPONENTS
    • Robots have 3 main components:
    • -  Brain - usually a computer .
    • -  Actuators and mechanical parts - motors, pistons, grippers, wheels, gears.
    • -  Sensors - vision, sound, temperature, motion, light, touch, etc.
    • These three components, robots can interact and affect their environment to become useful.
  • 7. LAWS OF ROBOTICS
    • Popular science fiction writer Isaac Asimov created the Three Laws of Robotics:
    • A robot must not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
    • A robot must always obey orders given to it by a human being, except where it would conflict with the first law.
    • A robot must protect it's own existence, except where it would conflict with the first or second law.
    • Later, Asimov added this "Zeroth Law"
  • 8. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
    • Artificial intelligence is study of mental faculties (powers) through use of computational models.
    • The aim of AI is to create machine which can think.
    • What is meant by think is the capability of acquiring and applying knowledge.
  • 9. Contd….
    • Acquired knowledge is done by through
    •  
    • voice recognition
    • inferences
    • vision
    •  
    • Acquiring knowledge is represented in memory by using
    •  
      • Predicated calculus techniques
      • By bits, intrinsic images, abstract view, object identification.
    •  
  • 10. APPLICATIONS
      • Scientific applications.
      • Nuclear reactors.
      • Military-intelligent radars, intelligent agents.
      • Industrial.
      • Medical.
      • Home.
  • 11. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES
    • ADVANTAGES :-
    • robots can do things we humans just don't want to do, and usually do it cheaper.
    • Robots can do things more precise than humans and allow progress in medical science and other useful advances.
    • DISADVANTAGES:-
    • They are powerful machines that we allow to control certain things. When something goes wrong, terrible things can happen.
    • There is also the problem of evil people using robots for evil purposes.
  • 12. FUTURE OF ROBOTICS
    • In future the population of robots will grow rapidly.
    • This growth is lead by Japan that has almost twice as many robots as the USA.
    • All estimates suggest that robots will play an ever-increasing role in modern society.
    • They will continue to be used in tasks were danger, repetition, cost, and precision prevents humans from performing.
    •  
  • 13. CONCLUSION
    • Some people are concerned that robots will reduce the number of jobs and kick people out of their jobs.
    • This is almost never the case. The net affect of advanced technology such as robots is that humans become more productive.
    • Robotics uses AI techniques to build intelligent robots for the purpose of efficiency.
    • The research of Robotics and AI would lead to a manufacturing of Robots that will be used in every industry. 
    • In future, it is better to use robotics in a appropriate and useful way,with this we can get peaceful & effective world .
  • 14. THTHTH
  • 15.