The future of online learningand personal learningnetworks/environmentName: S.L MbongwaStu nu: 201144405Topic: personallearning network
Online Learning• Has been around since 1995 or so• Really grew with the World Wide Web• Has advanced tremendouslyMany positive developments in thelast few years worth sharing…
Open Source Applications• Learning Management Systemssuch as Moodle, Sakai, Bodington, ATutor• Development and CommunityToolssuch as LAMS, Connexions, ELGG, Drupal,WordPress• Supporting Softwaresuch as Firefox, Thunderbird,OpenOffice, Audacity
New Environments• Multimedia explosionpodcasts, vodcasts, YouTube, Slideshare, more• Mobile computingmobile phones, PDAs, etc.• The 3D webSecond Life is a start, we will see more of this
It looks like nothing before… Like open source Like Social Networks Like blogs and blogging Like wikis and collaborativewriting Like tagging and Digg and…It looks like Web 2.0The Internet of 2007
Online Learning at the Crossroads• On the one hand – we have developedtools and systems intended to supporttraditional classroom based learning• On the other hand – we could (should?)be developing tools and systems tosupport immersive learning• We should be developing fordynamic, immersive, living systems…
Web 2.0: The Learning Network• The e-Portfolio lives in the intersectionbetween the worlds foreducation, work, and home• A model for e-Portfolio as a learner-managed construct• Key requirement is easy-to-use tools andhosting services*• *E.g. the “e-Portfolio-as-blog” approachScott Wilson:http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/entries/20050523083528
The Idea of the PLE…
The Challenge…How to find the right resource…• at the right time• for the right person
Finding Resources is like FindingPatterns in the Meshthe knowledge is in the networkthe knowledge is the networkOld: universals– rules– categoriesNew: patterns– patterns– similaritieshttp://www.bbsonline.org/Preprints/OldArchive/bbs.tenenbaum.html
stands for?Or is caused by?Distributed Representation= a pattern of connectivityHopfield
Where is the PLE?
The way networks learn is the way peoplelearn…
Leads to This…Personal Learning…To teach is to model and to demonstrateTo learn is to practice and reflect
What is the PLE?
Learning Networks Architecture
Agendaconcept of personalised learningpersonal learning environmentspersonal learning networkspersonal websmash-ups and aggregators in creationand management of personal websccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
We are familyccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://pro.corbis.com
Learning WebsFrom this .... ..... To thisccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://sm.irsd.k12.de.us http://blogs.silverlight.net
The VLE“Institutions thatuseVLEs are indanger of turningthe Web backinto a funnel”(Wheeler, 2009)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://www.chemistryland.com
The one and only...ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://chrissaad.wordpress.com
Making connectionsIn connectivism, learning involvescreating connections and developinga network. It is a theory for the digitalage drawing upon chaos, emergentproperties, and self organisedlearning.(It’s not what you know but who youknow)Source: WikipediaccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://www.pestproducts.com
“...multiple, non-hierarchical entry andexit points in data representation andinterpretation.”Rhizomatic learningccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://archbold-station.org
It’s Personal:LearningSpaces, LearningWebsSteve WheelerUniversity of PlymouthccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009http://www.dailyhaha.com
Self organised learningWe cannot„manage‟ self-organised learningfor our students.We can only createconduciveenvironments withinwhich students willorganise their ownlearning.ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
Functions of PLEsManaginginformationGeneratingcontentConnectingwith othersCommunication withothers(dialogue)Sharing withothers(exchange)LearningRecordingand sharingachievement(e-portfolio)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
PersonalLearningEnvironmentBlogLMSSocialNetworkExternalServices Web2.0E-PortfolioAggregatorAdapted from David Delgado, 2007Personal Learning Environment ModelccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
ExternalServices Web2.0Self organisedInstitutionallymanagedAdapted from David Delgado, 2007E-PortfolioAggregatorSocialNetworkPersonal Learning Environment ModelBlogLMSPersonalLearningEnvironmentccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
We are at present undergoing adeep and prolonged industrialrevolution based on digitaltechnologies
The reform and reshapingof social systems andinstitutions has tended tolag behind in periods ofrapid technologicalchange
but the changing ways in whichpeople are using technologies tocommunicate and to learn andthe accompanying social effect ofsuch use
The reaction of education systems andinstitutions to the rise of social networkinghas been at best bewilderment, at worstdownright hostility
Most informal learning is learnerdriven, problem based, ormotivated by interest
people learn through legitimateperipheral participation
Knowing is .... located inrelations amongpractitioners, theirpractice, the artefacts ofthat practice, and the socialorganization…ofcommunities of practiceLave and Wenger, 1991
Personal LearningEnvironments havethe potential tomeet such achallenge
PLEs are not anothersubstantiation ofeducationaltechnology but a newapproach to learning
and recognise the needs of life-long learners for asystem that provides a standard interface todifferent institutions‟ e-learning systems, and thatallows portfolio information to be maintained acrossinstitutions.
the idea of a PersonalLearning Environmentrecognises that learning iscontinuing and seeks toprovide tools to support thatlearning
Using whatever tools anddevices which the learnerschoose
PLEs can develop on thepotential of servicesoriented architectures fordispersed and networkedforms of learning andknowledgedevelopment.
the co-shaping oftechnologies bringingtogether techies andteachers, enterprisesand institutions
Access…• One-to-one computingsuch as the Maine laptop project,now spreading rapidly• One Laptop per Childhas launched –computers in Nigeria• Wireless access3G networks, WLAN…
Demonstrate- reference examples- code library- image samples- thought processes- show experts at work (Chaos Manor)- application- case studies- storiesThe question is, howcan we connect thelearner with thecommunity at work?
Practice- scaffolded practice- game interfaces- sandboxes- job aids- flash cards- cheat sheets- games and simulations- mod kits- mmorpgsThe question is, how canwe enable access tomultiple environmentsthat support variousactivities?
Reflection- guided reflection- forms-based input- presentations and seminars- journaling- blogs, wikis- communities- discussion, sharingThe question is, how can weassist people to seethemselves, their practice, ina mirror?
Choice – Identity - Creativity- simulated or actual environments thatpresent tasks or problems- OpenID, authentication, feature or profiledevelopment- Portfolios & creative librariesPeople talk about „motivation‟– but the real issue here isownership
Learning Networks Architecture
Personal learning : available on:http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/entries/20050523083528. accessed on 10/032013.Online learning: available on:http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/ple/resources/edf.ppt . Accessed on 10/03/2013.Personal learning networks: available on:http://www.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/entries/20050523083528 . accessed on13/03/2013.Personal learning environment: available on:http://www.delasallewaterford.com.Accessed on 13/03/2013.Professional learning networks: available on:leahttp://pro.corbis.comhttp://archbold-station.org. Accessed on 25/03/2013.Personal learning environment: available on:http:// ://archbold-station.orghttp://archbold-station.orghttp://archbold-station.org.Accessed on 18/03/2013.