Professinal std3 a


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Professinal std3 a

  1. 1. The future of online learningand personal learningnetworks/environmentName: S.L MbongwaStu nu: 201144405Topic: personallearning network
  2. 2. Online Learning• Has been around since 1995 or so• Really grew with the World Wide Web• Has advanced tremendouslyMany positive developments in thelast few years worth sharing…
  3. 3. Open Source Applications• Learning Management Systemssuch as Moodle, Sakai, Bodington, ATutor• Development and CommunityToolssuch as LAMS, Connexions, ELGG, Drupal,WordPress• Supporting Softwaresuch as Firefox, Thunderbird,OpenOffice, Audacity
  4. 4. New Environments• Multimedia explosionpodcasts, vodcasts, YouTube, Slideshare, more• Mobile computingmobile phones, PDAs, etc.• The 3D webSecond Life is a start, we will see more of this
  5. 5. It looks like nothing before… Like open source Like Social Networks Like blogs and blogging Like wikis and collaborativewriting Like tagging and Digg and…It looks like Web 2.0The Internet of 2007
  6. 6. Online Learning at the Crossroads• On the one hand – we have developedtools and systems intended to supporttraditional classroom based learning• On the other hand – we could (should?)be developing tools and systems tosupport immersive learning• We should be developing fordynamic, immersive, living systems…
  7. 7. Web 2.0: The Learning Network• The e-Portfolio lives in the intersectionbetween the worlds foreducation, work, and home• A model for e-Portfolio as a learner-managed construct• Key requirement is easy-to-use tools andhosting services*• *E.g. the “e-Portfolio-as-blog” approachScott Wilson:
  8. 8. The Idea of the PLE…
  9. 9. The Challenge…How to find the right resource…• at the right time• for the right person
  10. 10. Finding Resources is like FindingPatterns in the Meshthe knowledge is in the networkthe knowledge is the networkOld: universals– rules– categoriesNew: patterns– patterns– similarities
  11. 11. Pattern Recognition…Gibson
  12. 12. stands for?Or is caused by?Distributed Representation= a pattern of connectivityHopfield
  13. 13. Where is the PLE?
  14. 14. The way networks learn is the way peoplelearn…
  15. 15. Leads to This…Personal Learning…To teach is to model and to demonstrateTo learn is to practice and reflect
  16. 16. What is the PLE?
  17. 17. Learning Networks Architecture
  18. 18. Agendaconcept of personalised learningpersonal learning environmentspersonal learning networkspersonal websmash-ups and aggregators in creationand management of personal websccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  19. 19. Everythingis relativeccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  20. 20. Knowledgeor wisdom?ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  21. 21. Personalised Learning?ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  22. 22. We are familyccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  23. 23. Learning WebsFrom this .... ..... To thisccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  24. 24. The VLE“Institutions thatuseVLEs are indanger of turningthe Web backinto a funnel”(Wheeler, 2009)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  25. 25. The one and only...ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  26. 26. Making connectionsIn connectivism, learning involvescreating connections and developinga network. It is a theory for the digitalage drawing upon chaos, emergentproperties, and self organisedlearning.(It’s not what you know but who youknow)Source: WikipediaccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  27. 27. RhizomesccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  28. 28. “...multiple, non-hierarchical entry andexit points in data representation andinterpretation.”Rhizomatic learningccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  29. 29. It’s Personal:LearningSpaces, LearningWebsSteve WheelerUniversity of PlymouthccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  30. 30. Rhizomatic learning“A rhizomatic plant has no centreand no defined boundary;rather, it is made up of a numberof semi-independent nodes, eachof which is capable of growingand spreading on itsown, bounded only by the limits ofits habitat.”©SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2008Source: Cormier, D. (2008),UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  31. 31. Rhizomatic learning“In the rhizomaticview, knowledge can only benegotiated, [and is] a personalknowledge-creation process withmutable goals and constantlynegotiated premises.”Source: Cormier, D. (2008)©SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2008ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  32. 32. Self organised learningWe cannot„manage‟ self-organised learningfor our students.We can only createconduciveenvironments withinwhich students willorganise their ownlearning.ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  33. 33. You are your own ‘VLE’Services ToolsFormats ContentChannelsNetworksAggregation©SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  34. 34. PLEs, PLNs and PWsPersonalLearningNetworkPersonalWebPersonalLearningEnvironment©SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  35. 35. Functions of PLEsManaginginformationGeneratingcontentConnectingwith othersCommunication withothers(dialogue)Sharing withothers(exchange)LearningRecordingand sharingachievement(e-portfolio)ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  36. 36. PersonalLearningEnvironmentBlogLMSSocialNetworkExternalServices Web2.0E-PortfolioAggregatorAdapted from David Delgado, 2007Personal Learning Environment ModelccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  37. 37. ExternalServices Web2.0Self organisedInstitutionallymanagedAdapted from David Delgado, 2007E-PortfolioAggregatorSocialNetworkPersonal Learning Environment ModelBlogLMSPersonalLearningEnvironmentccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2009
  38. 38. We are at present undergoing adeep and prolonged industrialrevolution based on digitaltechnologies
  39. 39. The reform and reshapingof social systems andinstitutions has tended tolag behind in periods ofrapid technologicalchange
  40. 40. but the changing ways in whichpeople are using technologies tocommunicate and to learn andthe accompanying social effect ofsuch use
  41. 41. The reaction of education systems andinstitutions to the rise of social networkinghas been at best bewilderment, at worstdownright hostility
  42. 42. Most informal learning is learnerdriven, problem based, ormotivated by interest
  43. 43. people learn through legitimateperipheral participation
  44. 44. Knowing is .... located inrelations amongpractitioners, theirpractice, the artefacts ofthat practice, and the socialorganization…ofcommunities of practiceLave and Wenger, 1991
  45. 45. Personal LearningEnvironments havethe potential tomeet such achallenge
  46. 46. PLEs are not anothersubstantiation ofeducationaltechnology but a newapproach to learning
  47. 47. and recognise the needs of life-long learners for asystem that provides a standard interface todifferent institutions‟ e-learning systems, and thatallows portfolio information to be maintained acrossinstitutions.
  48. 48. the idea of a PersonalLearning Environmentrecognises that learning iscontinuing and seeks toprovide tools to support thatlearning
  49. 49. Using whatever tools anddevices which the learnerschoose
  50. 50. PLEs can develop on thepotential of servicesoriented architectures fordispersed and networkedforms of learning andknowledgedevelopment.
  51. 51. the co-shaping oftechnologies bringingtogether techies andteachers, enterprisesand institutions
  52. 52. Access…• One-to-one computingsuch as the Maine laptop project,now spreading rapidly• One Laptop per Childhas launched –computers in Nigeria• Wireless access3G networks, WLAN…
  53. 53. Demonstrate- reference examples- code library- image samples- thought processes- show experts at work (Chaos Manor)- application- case studies- storiesThe question is, howcan we connect thelearner with thecommunity at work?
  54. 54. Practice- scaffolded practice- game interfaces- sandboxes- job aids- flash cards- cheat sheets- games and simulations- mod kits- mmorpgsThe question is, how canwe enable access tomultiple environmentsthat support variousactivities?
  55. 55. Reflection- guided reflection- forms-based input- presentations and seminars- journaling- blogs, wikis- communities- discussion, sharingThe question is, how can weassist people to seethemselves, their practice, ina mirror?
  56. 56. Choice – Identity - Creativity- simulated or actual environments thatpresent tasks or problems- OpenID, authentication, feature or profiledevelopment- Portfolios & creative librariesPeople talk about „motivation‟– but the real issue here isownership
  57. 57. Learning Networks Architecture
  58. 58. Personal learning : available on: accessed on 10/032013.Online learning: available on: . Accessed on 10/03/2013.Personal learning networks: available on: . accessed on13/03/2013.Personal learning environment: available on: on 13/03/2013.Professional learning networks: available on:leahttp://pro.corbis.com Accessed on 25/03/2013.Personal learning environment: available on:http:// ://archbold-station.orghttp://archbold-station.org on 18/03/2013.