The Rise of Industry
• After the Civil War there were 30 million
people living in the US –1.3 million worked in
• Only 40 years later, by 1900, US was the
largest Industrial country in the world.
How did the US become the largest
Industrial country in the World?
Many factors contributed to the Industrial
The 5 factors that Contributed to
2. Plenty of
• Between 1865-1910 about 20 million
immigrants came from Eastern Europe--
countries like Italy, Greece, Poland and Russia
Why did they come?
1. Jobs-plenty of jobs and land in US
2. Forced military service
3. Avoid religious persecution
4. Higher standard of living
These multitudes added to the
workforce, helping factories
increase their production and
furthering demand for industrial
2.Plenty of Natural Resources West
Water, timber, coal, iron, and copper-
The presence of these raw materials
meant that American companies
could obtain them cheaply.
But how would they get these
products to and from the West??
3. The Railroad-
• By linking the nation, railroads helped
increase the size of markets for many
• The Railroad could be a vehicle for sales and
• The Railroad itself stimulated the economy by
spending extraordinary amounts of money on
steel, coal, timber and other necessities.
4. What was the Government Doing?
• The Government practiced Laissez-Faire
• Kept taxes low and no regulations
5. The Inventions
• A flood of important inventions helped
increase the nation’s productive capacity and
improved the network of transportations and
Alexander Graham Bell
• Invented the telephone and telegraph-allowed
people to communicate great distances
Thomas Alva Edison
• Perhaps the most famous inventor of the late
• Perfected the light bulb-electricity was used to
drive the machinery in factories—had a
dramatic effect on raising peoples standard of
• Later the battery, the Dictaphone, the
mimeograph and the motion picture