5.1 the rise of industry


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5.1 the rise of industry

  1. 1. The Industrialization of America<br />The Rise of Industry<br />
  2. 2. Industry before the Civil War<br />
  3. 3. By 1900…<br />
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  7. 7. Industrial Growth<br />Between 1865 and 1900, the u.s. experienced unprecedented economic growth<br />1860 manufacturers had about $2 billion in value by 1900 they had over $11 billion<br />Iron ore production nearly quadrupled from 7 million long-tons to 27 million long-tons<br />Steel output rose from less than 1 million tons to over 11 million tons<br />Gross National Product tripled during that time<br />Railroad mileage increased from 30,000 to 250,000 miles<br />
  8. 8. After the Civil War<br />The industrial revolution was in full force in the northern US<br />Before the Civil War 90% of population were farmers<br />By 1900 the United States was the world’s leading industrial nation.<br />This growth in factories became known as “Industrialization”. <br />The US had the two most important things to help the process of industrialization along:<br />Natural Resources<br />A large workforce<br />
  9. 9. Natural Resources<br />The United States had a vast amount of natural resources such as:<br /> 1. Coal<br /> 2. Timber<br /> 3. Iron<br /> 4. Copper<br />Where do you think these items were coming from?<br />The WEST!<br />No importing from other countries meant cheaper production in the US.<br />
  10. 10. The Newest Natural Resource<br />Edwin Drake<br />
  11. 11. A Large Workforce<br />Between 1860 and 1910 the population of the United States tripled.<br />This was largely due to immigration.<br />These “new Americans” provided for a growing work force in factories.<br />It also created a demand for products.<br />Many people chose to come to America to seek a better life.<br />
  12. 12. New Inventions<br />Resources and workforce are important, but the nation also need one more thing—<br />Technology and Inventions<br />
  13. 13. Bell and The Telephone<br />Alexander Graham Bell immigrated from Scotland<br />Mother and wife were both deaf<br />In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant Thomas Watson invented the telephone. <br />The first message ever sent was by Bell to Watson.<br />Bell’s company became the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. (AT&T)<br />Telephones forever changed they way life was lived<br />
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  15. 15. Have you ever heard of Elisha Gray?<br />
  16. 16. Thomas Edison<br />Thomas Alva Edison invented many things in his laboratory at Menlo Park, NJ.<br />Menlo Park was nicknamed the invention factory<br />5 years, one invention per month at Menlo<br />1,093 patents in his name<br />Edison invented the phonograph, light bulb, generator, battery, and motion picture.<br />Edison would start the Edison General Electric Company which today is called GE.<br />By 1889, his company was changing the world by supply electric power to New York City<br />
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  18. 18. Edison’s Story<br />Dad fled from Canada after a rebellion against the government…moved to New Jersey<br />Went to school for 3 months before mom decided to home school him<br />Developed serious hearing issues after scarlet fever<br />Debated deaf stories<br />Night shift telegrapher…fired<br />Sold telegraph idea to Western Union for $10,000 and opened Menlo Park<br />Direct current war with Westinghouse<br />
  19. 19. "If I find 10,000 ways something won't work, I haven't failed. I am not discouraged, because every wrong attempt discarded is another step forward".<br /> —Thomas Edison<br />
  20. 20. Thomas Edison<br />
  21. 21. E.I. Dupont<br />Developed a new way of making gunpowder<br />Was also a chemist and worked on making new substances like nylon<br />The Dupont family has been one of the richest in the US over the past 200 years<br />
  22. 22. Gorge Westinghouse<br />Invented the airbrake for trains & allowed for trains to travel safely at much high speeds<br />
  23. 23. Gustavus Swift<br />Developed the first refrigerated rail car which helped to keep meat fresher for longer periods of time.<br />
  24. 24. More Inventions<br />Thaddeus Lowe invented the ice machine.<br />Northrop Automatic Loom allowed cloth to be made much faster.<br />
  25. 25. More InventionsCyrus Field laid the first telegraph line across the Atlantic connecting Europe to the United States.<br />
  26. 26. US Patents<br />Granted<br />
  27. 27. Changes to Daily Life<br />Electricity<br />Indoor Plumbing<br />Communication <br />Transportation<br />
  28. 28. Government Help in Industrialization<br />America was setup as a country with very few governmental regulations…business too<br />Laissez-faire – French word means “let be”, and was a policy that meant government should not interfere with the economy.<br />Instead prices were set by supply and demand<br />The lack of rules attracted many smart people to become Entrepreneurs- People who run a business<br />
  29. 29. Tariffs<br />Tariff – a tax on an imported good<br />A protective action…<br />WHY WOULD A COUNTRY TAX IMPORTED GOODS?<br />
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  31. 31. Morrill Tariff<br />Morrill Tariff – placed huge taxes on all imported goods and sold open range land in the Mid-West to railroad companies for less than half of the market value<br />Why would the government sell the land to railroad companies?<br />