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Lauren Stewart
#StandardsGoals for 2024:
What’s new for BISAC
April 2024
What’s new in Bibliographic Standards?
3
What’s new in Bibliographic Standards?
4
What’s new in Bibliographic Standards?
5
What’s new in Bibliographic Standards?
● ONIX 3.1 released
● 5 new ONIX codelists (61-65)
● BookNet endorsement of BISG’s Statement on Misuse of the title
and subtitle fields
● 2023 BISAC Subject Codes released
6
● Book Industry Standards and Communication
● North American-administered standard to describe the content of
a book
○ Committee steered by the Book Industry Study Group (BISG)
○ Also used in parts of Central and South America
● Three “flavours” of BISAC
○ BISAC Subject Headings
○ BISAC Merchandising Themes
○ BISAC Regional Themes
7
BISAC: Quick Round-Up
BISAC Merchandising Themes
● Merchandising themes can be used in addition to subject codes to
denote:
○ An audience to which a work may be of particular appeal
○ A time of year or event for which a work may be especially
appropriate
○ A frequently requested topic
○ Note that this is optional, separate from the subject
● Can help further describe fictional works
● More information & codelist:
bisg.org/bisac-merchandising-themes-version-27
8
BISAC Regional Themes
● Highlight regional opportunities for:
○ Appropriate sales representatives
○ Regional purchase by booksellers and chain buyers
○ Cataloging considerations and regional librarians
○ Promotions and media
9
BISAC Subject Codes
● Alpha-numeric codes with English-language headings
● 52 major sections with detailed subtopics
● Over 5,500 distinct terms in the 2023 edition
● New list released every year
● More information and codelist:
bisg.org/complete-bisac-subject-headings-list
10
BISAC Subject Code: Subject Codes Committee
● BISG members’ volunteers
● BookNet is the designated Canadian market representative,
though other Canadians sit on the Committee
● Creating, revising, and amending the list of codes and subject
headings
● Soliciting and reviewing requests for updates from the publishing
community and committee members
11
BISAC Subject Codes: The process
● Annual list release schedule:
○ North American Subject Codes Committee meets once per
month, every month September-Summer
○ Final list of committee-selected proposals approved by BISG’s
Board of Directors in Fall
○ November / December release
○ Adoption by industry systems follows
12
13
BISAC Structure
Child 1 subject
heading
Parent 1
subject
heading
Major heading
Parent 2
subject
heading
Child 2 subject
heading
Child 1 subject
heading
Child 2 subject
heading
Grandchild 4
subject
heading
Grandchild 5
subject
heading
Great
grandchild 2
subject
heading
Great
grandchild 3
subject
heading
Grandchild 3
subject
heading
Grandchild 2
subject
heading
Grandchild 1
subject
heading
Great
grandchild 4
subject
heading
Great
grandchild 1
subject
heading
14
Indigeneity in BISAC Subject Headings: Why
● Requests from publishers & supply chain participants to address:
○ Gaps in representation and missing Indigenous worldviews
■ Missing codes reflecting large swaths of products
■ Desire for improved granularity
○ Conscious & unconscious bias evident in the subject headings
○ Persistent catch-22 of publishers of Indigenous content:
1. Select a subject code that does not represent Indigeneity
authentically to respond to market opportunities, or
2. Choose to honour Indigenous worldviews and limit BISAC
engagement and subsequent opportunities 15
Indigeneity in BISAC Subject Headings: Why
● Strong response following the limited changes requested & made
in 2022:
○ Engagement from Indigenous-owned and -operated presses
○ Desire to see expanded availability of codes beyond the
Juvenile and Young Adult subject areas
16
A Short History of Terminology Changes in BISAC
● 2019: “Aboriginal” to “Native American”, as applicable
● 2019: “Native Canadian” to “Canada / Indigenous”, or similar
● 2020: “Native American” to “Indigenous Peoples of the Americas”, as
applicable
● 2022: “of the Americas” to “in the Americas”
● 2022: “Canada / Indigenous” (or similar) to “Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island”
17
Indigeneity in BISAC Subject Headings: Why
● Market performance:
○ Sales growth of “Indigenous” subjects tracked by BookNet’s
SalesData service (service akin to BookScan in the US)
18
● Call for participants & involvement in late summer & fall of 2022
● Started meeting in December 2022 with 13 meetings to-date
● Cross-function and title-agnostic engagement with firms
19
Our Working Group
Our Working Group
● Chickasaw Press / Independent Book Publishers Association
● HarperCollins Canada/Harlequin
● Penguin Random House Canada
● Goodminds
● Gooselane
● Groundwood Books
● House of Anansi
● Library & Archives Canada
20
● Lone Pine Publishing
● Medicine Wheel Education
● NeWest Press
● Orca Book Publishers
● Stratford Public Library
● Pre-2023 list, 30 codes exist across all 5,200+ subject headings
● Leaving major gaps for a number of our publisher participants and
those who supplied feedback
21
Major theme: Need for more codes, full stop
Major theme: Need for more codes, full stop
22
Major theme: Need for more codes, full stop
● Example book: Anompilbashsha' Asilhha' Holisso: Chickasaw Prayer
Book from Chickasaw Press
● Current available subject headings are insufficient:
○ FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDY / Indigenous Languages of the
Americas
○ RELIGION / Prayer
23
24
Major theme: Need for more codes that reflect an
Indigenous worldview
Major theme: Need for more codes that reflect an
Indigenous worldview
● Example book: Mother Earth Plants for Health & Beauty: Indigenous
Plants, Traditions, and Recipes by Carrie Armstrong
● Current subject headings are insufficient:
○ BODY, MIND & SPIRIT / Healing / General
○ CRAFTS & HOBBIES / Candle Making
○ SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Studies
25
Major theme: Need for distinction between market
participants (“Canadian”, “US”, international)
● In the Canadian market, differentiating & identifying “Canadian” is
essential
○ Federal, provincial & local government programs to fund
Canadian authors, publishers & retailers
○ National marketing programs of Canadian authors &
publishers
○ National bestseller lists of Canadian authors & publishers:
newspapers of records include dedicated Canadian lists
26
● Note: differentiating Indigenous groups (and, therefore, content)
according to Canadian / US statehood is not straightforward:
○ Indigenous worldview sees no border between the United
States and Canada
○ Before settlers arrived on the land known as “North America,”
Indigenous groups would settle, travel, and roam the lands,
crossing what we now refer to as borders
○ The creation of the border between Canada and United States
separated communities, language groups, and families
27
Major theme: Need for distinction between market
participants (“Canadian”, “US”, international)
● Observation that some existing codes are third level and not easily
located by subject coders in-house, nor located by buyers
● Known challenge: the “tree”-type structure of BISAC and the
supremacies and associations that are suggested because of a
hierarchical system
28
Major theme: Need for codes to be more “visible” and
discoverable by data providers and data recipients
● Examining the use of the word “ethnic” where it appears in existing
codes and suggesting alternative language:
○ Term is applied selectively by dominant groups to
equity-seeking communities (often those of colour)
○ Term applies a fictional dichotomy between white people and
communities of colour
○ Term also suggests that white people do not have an ethnicity
● Examining where some groups of people are sub-classified in
subheadings and others are not
○ ex. codes in “Biography & Autobiography”
29
Additional Considerations of the Working Group
Results: Coding Methodology
● Our approach: “three branch” methodology
● Following existing approach in the Young Adult categories
● Three branch methodology:
○ “Indigenous”
○ “Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island”
○ “Native American”
● Only the “Indigenous” branch to collect subheadings (if present)
30
Results: Coding Methodology
MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous; OR
MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous / General
MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous / Subheading 1
MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous / Subheading 2
AND
MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island 󰎟
AND
MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Native American 󰑔
31
● When one of the MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous
codes are selected to describe the book's content, the publisher
could also select either:
Code Connotes content relevant to
buyers and/or readers interested
in…
MAIN SUBJECT CODE
HEADING / Indigenous Peoples
of Turtle Island
“Canadian” content 󰎟
MAIN SUBJECT CODE
HEADING / Native American
"US" content 󰑔
32
Coding Methodology: Guidelines
● This restrained proposal (akin to “double coding” approaches used
elsewhere in the list) has benefits:
○ Enriches meaning/understanding of the MAIN SUBJECT CODE
HEADING / Indigenous
○ Offers opportunities for market differentiation
○ Opens up opportunities in the future to add additional, more
precise groups (such as First Nations, Inuit & Métis)
● Both non-branches could be used independently, if there was not
an appropriate MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous code
to select:
○ MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle
Island or MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Native American
33
Coding Methodology: Guidelines
● Finally, for additional granularity, a publisher may choose to use
BISAC Merchandising Themes to add granularity. The following are all
scheduled to be added in the 2023 list:
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / First Nations
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Métis
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Inuit
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
○ EVENT / Powwow
○ EVENT / National Indigenous History Month
○ HOLIDAY / National Indigenous Peoples Day
○ HOLIDAY / Indigenous Peoples' Day (US; formerly Columbus Day)
○ HOLIDAY / National Day for Truth and Reconciliation (Orange Shirt
Day) 34
Coding Methodology: Guidelines
35
● Finally, for additional granularity, a publisher may choose to use
BISAC Merchandising Themes to add granularity. The following are all
scheduled to be added in the 2023 list:
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / First Nations
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Métis
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Inuit
○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
○ EVENT / Powwow
○ EVENT / National Indigenous History Month
○ HOLIDAY / National Indigenous Peoples Day
○ HOLIDAY / Indigenous Peoples' Day (US; formerly Columbus Day)
○ HOLIDAY / National Day for Truth and Reconciliation (Orange Shirt
Day)
Coding Methodology: Guidelines
Changes for the 2023 Edition
“People & Places”
36
People & Places
● The distinction and segregation of Peoples into a separate heading
implies an “othering” where their identities are not the presumed
to be of the “norm” / “dominant” / “majority” identity group
○ This mindset is harmful and marginalizing to both the creators
and publishers of works classified under these terms as well as
to the potential consumers of such content
37
People & Places
● These branches appear in the following locations:
○ JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places
○ JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places
○ YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places
○ YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places
● These branches contain both regions and countries, as well as
people
38
People & Places: Juvenile Fiction
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / General
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Africa
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Asia
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Canada
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Europe
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / General
○ JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Mexico
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Middle East
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / General
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 39
People & Places: Regions, Countries & People
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / General
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Africa
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Asia
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Canada
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Europe
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / General
○ JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Mexico
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Middle East
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / General
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 40
People & Places: Young Adult Fiction
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / General
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Africa
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Asia
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Canada
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Europe
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Mexico
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Middle East
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / General
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 41
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / General
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Africa
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Asia
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Canada
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Europe
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Mexico
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Middle East
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / General
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 42
People & Places: Regions, Countries & People
● “People & Places” no more; reworked to:
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Places & JUVENILE NONFICTION / Places
○ YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Places & YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Places
● “People” now top-level subheadings, i.e.:
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
○ JUVENILE FICTION / African American & Black
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Asian American & Pacific Islander
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Hispanic & Latino
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Middle Eastern & Arab American
○ JUVENILE FICTION / Native American
43
People & Places: Changes
Biography & Autobiography: New Codes & Changes to
Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
BIO002000
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural,
Ethnic & Regional / General
new
literal
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Cultural & Regional
BIO028000
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural,
Ethnic & Regional / Indigenous
removed
from tree
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Indigenous
BIO039000 addition
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
BIO040000 addition
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Native American
44
Biography & Autobiography: New Codes & Changes to
Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
BIO002010
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural,
Ethnic & Regional / African American & Black
removed
from tree
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
African American & Black
BIO002040
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural,
Ethnic & Regional / Arab & Middle Eastern
removed
from tree
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Arab & Middle Eastern
BIO002020
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural,
Ethnic & Regional / Asian & Asian American
removed
from tree
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Asian & Asian American
BIO002030
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural,
Ethnic & Regional / Hispanic & Latino
removed
from tree
BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY /
Hispanic & Latino
45
Changes for the 2023 Edition
“Legends, Myths & Fables”
46
Legends, Myths & Fables: Indigenous Worldview
● Reports to BookNet Canada asserted that Indigenous owned and/or
operated firms avoid this code as they feel it is disrespectful to their
Peoples:
○ In respect to many Indigenous cultures, their stories, teachings and
values make up their worldview, that of a living culture, and the
connotation of being grouped with legacy (historical) or fictional cultures
is harmful
○ Moreover, grouping into an omnibus code that includes all three
components (Legends, Myths & Fables) has the negative association that
their stories (incl. sacred) are untrue
○ Perpetuates colonial and Eurocentric ways of thinking that Indigenous
worldviews do not deserve to be upheld in the same way as others’. After
all, BISAC codes do not consider Christian worldviews as “Legends, Myths
and Fables”, as that would be disrespectful to the beliefs of that
community 47
Legends, Myths & Fables: Juvenile & Young Adult Fiction
48
● JUV022000 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General
● JUV012050 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / African
● JUV022010 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian
● JUV012060 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Asian
● JUV012070 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Caribbean & Latin
American
● JUV022020 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman
● JUV012080 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples
in the Americas
● JUV022030 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Norse
● YAF030000 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General
● YAF030010 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian
● YAF030020 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman
Legends, Myths & Fables: Legacy vs. Living vs. Fictional
● JUV022000 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General
● JUV012050 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / African
● JUV022010 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian
● JUV012060 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Asian
● JUV012070 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Caribbean & Latin
American
● JUV022020 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman
● JUV012080 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples
in the Americas
● JUV022030 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Norse
● YAF030000 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General
● YAF030010 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian
● YAF030020 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman
49
Legends, Myths & Fables: Our Recommendation
● The code JUV012080 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables /
Indigenous Peoples in the Americas be removed
● Publishers be directed to other appropriate, available codes to
re-code their books
● BookNet can/will assist with advocacy & customer service
○ Email: lauren@booknetcanada.ca
50
Adult Fiction
Changes for the 2023 Edition
51
Existing Adult Fiction Codes
● FICTION / Indigenous (FIC059000)
52
Adult Fiction: Changes to Existing Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
FIC059000 FICTION / Indigenous converting to a general FICTION / Indigenous / General
53
Adult Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
FIC059010 addition FICTION / Indigenous / City Life
FIC059020 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Elders
FIC059030 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Erotica
FIC059040 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
FIC059050 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Historical
FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Horror
FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Indigenous Futurism
FIC059080 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories
FIC059090 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Mystery & Detective
FIC059100 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Storytelling & Teachings
FIC059110 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Science Fiction
FIC059120 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Women 54
55
Adult Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
FIC059010 addition FICTION / Indigenous / City Life
FIC059020 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Elders
FIC059030 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Erotica
FIC059040 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
FIC059050 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Historical
FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Horror
FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Indigenous Futurism
FIC059080 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories
FIC059090 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Mystery & Detective
FIC059100 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Storytelling & Teachings
FIC059110 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Science Fiction
FIC059120 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Women
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
FIC135000 addition FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
FIC137000 addition FICTION / Native American
FIC005100 addition FICTION / Erotica / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
FIC009150 addition FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous
YAF031050 addition FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
FIC027510 addition FICTION / Romance / Indigenous
FIC027520 addition FICTION / Romance / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
56
Adult Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
FIC135000 addition FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
FIC137000 addition FICTION / Native American
FIC005100 addition FICTION / Erotica / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
FIC009150 addition FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous
YAF031050 addition FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
FIC027510 addition FICTION / Romance / Indigenous
FIC027520 addition FICTION / Romance / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
57
Adult Fiction: New Codes
Juvenile Fiction
Changes for the 2023 Edition
58
Existing Juvenile Fiction Codes
● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle
Island (JUV008160)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American (JUV008170)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the
Americas (JUV012080)
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
(JUV030090)
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island /
Teachings (JUV030140)
● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American
(JUV011040)
59
Existing Juvenile Fiction Codes
● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island (JUV008160)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American
(JUV008170)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the
Americas (JUV012080)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JUV030090)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings
(JUV030140)
● JUVENILE FICTION / Native American (JUV011040)
60
Juvenile Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JUV083000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / General
JUV083010 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories
JUV083020 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Cautionary Tales
JUV083030 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Elders
JUV083040 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
JUV083050 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Historical
JUV083060 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories
JUV083070 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Stories
JUV083080 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Retellings
61
Juvenile Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JUV083000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / General
JUV083010 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories
JUV083020 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Cautionary Tales
JUV083030 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Elders
JUV083040 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
JUV083050 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Historical
JUV083060 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories
JUV083070 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Stories
JUV083080 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Retellings
62
Juvenile Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JUV082000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / First Nations
JUV084000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Inuit
JUV085000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Métis
JUV081000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Biracial & Multiracial
JUV008210 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous
JUV009130 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Concepts / Language
JUV013100 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Family / Grandparents
JUV087000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Trickster Tales
63
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JUV012020
JUVENILE FICTION / Fairy Tales &
Folklore / Country & Ethnic
new literal
JUVENILE FICTION / Fairy Tales & Folklore /
Country & Cultural
64
Juvenile Fiction: Changes to Existing Codes
Young Adult Fiction
Changes for the 2023 Edition
65
Existing Young Adult Fiction Codes
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous (YAF046010)
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
(YAF046170)
● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Native American (YAF046150)
66
Young Adult Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
YAF046180 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Cautionary Tales
YAF046190 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / City Life
YAF046200 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
YAF046210 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Historical
YAF046220 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories
YAF046230 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Stories
YAF046240 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Retellings
YAF046250 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Teachings
YAF077000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / First Nations
YAF078000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Inuit
YAF079000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Métis
67
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
YAF076000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Biracial & Multiracial
YAF010220 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous
YAF010230 addition
YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous
Peoples of Turtle Island
YAF010240 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American
YAF019070 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous
YAF052080 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / Indigenous
YAF056040 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Science Fiction / Indigenous Futurism
68
Young Adult Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
YAF076000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Biracial & Multiracial
YAF010220 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous
YAF010230 addition
YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous
Peoples of Turtle Island
YAF010240 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American
YAF019070 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous
YAF052080 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / Indigenous
YAF056040 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Science Fiction / Indigenous Futurism
69
Young Adult Fiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
YAF031000
YOUNG
ADULT
FICTION /
LGBTQ+
converting
to a
general
YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / General
YAF031010 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Bisexual
YAF031020 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Gay
YAF031030 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Lesbian
YAF031040 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Transgender
YAF031050 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
70
Young Adult Fiction: New Codes & Changes to Existing Codes
Juvenile Nonfiction
Changes for the 2023 Edition
71
Existing Juvenile Nonfiction Codes
● JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island (JNF038120)
● JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island / Teachings & Traditions (JNF038140)
● JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / United States / Native
American (JNF018040)
72
Existing Juvenile Nonfiction Codes
● JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
(JNF038120)
● JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island /
Teachings & Traditions
● JUVENILE NONFICTION / Native American (JNF018040)
73
Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JNF076000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / General
JNF076010 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories
JNF076020 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Elders
JNF076030 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
JNF076040 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Health & Healing
JNF076050 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / History
JNF076060 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Land-Based Knowledge
JNF076070 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Reconciliation
JNF075000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / First Nations
JNF077000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Inuit
JNF078000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Métis
74
Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JNF076000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / General
JNF076010 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories
JNF076020 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Elders
JNF076030 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
JNF076040 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Health & Healing
JNF076050 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / History
JNF076060 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Land-Based Knowledge
JNF076070 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Reconciliation
JNF075000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / First Nations
JNF077000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Inuit
JNF078000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Métis
75
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JNF074000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biracial & Multiracial
JNF019100 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Family / Grandparents
JNF049340 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / General
JNF049350 addition
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual
Practice
JNF049360 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Sacred Stories
JNF049370 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Scripture & Prayerbooks
JNF049380 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Spirituality
76
Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JNF074000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biracial & Multiracial
JNF019100 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Family / Grandparents
JNF049340 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / General
JNF049350 addition
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual
Practice
JNF049360 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Sacred Stories
JNF049370 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Scripture & Prayerbooks
JNF049380 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Spirituality
77
Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JNF038140
JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places
/ Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island /
Teachings & Traditions
new
literal
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion /
Indigenous / Teachings & Traditions
JNF007050
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biography &
Autobiography / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional
new
literal
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biography &
Autobiography / Cultural & Regional
78
Juvenile Nonfiction: Changes to Existing Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
JNF020010
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign
Language Study / English as a Second
Language
new
literal
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study /
English as a Second Language
JNF020020
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign
Language Study / French
new
literal
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study /
French
JNF020000
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign
Language Study / General
new
literal
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study /
General
JNF020030
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign
Language Study / Spanish
new
literal
JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study /
Spanish
79
Juvenile Nonfiction: Changes to Existing Codes
Young Adult Fiction
Changes for the 2023 Edition
80
Existing Young Adult Nonfiction Codes
● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous
(YAN038010)
● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous
Peoples of Turtle Island (YAN038160)
● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places / United States /
Native American (YAN038140)
81
Existing Young Adult Nonfiction Codes
● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous (YAN038010)
● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
(YAN038160)
● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Native American (YAN038140)
82
Young Adult Nonfiction: New Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
YAN038170 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Elders
YAN038180 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Family Life
YAN038190 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Health & Healing
YAN038200 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / History
YAN038210 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Land-Based Knowledge
YAN038220 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Reconciliation
YAN063000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / First Nations
YAN064000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Inuit
YAN065000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Métis
YAN062000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Biracial & Multiracial
YAN020040 addition
YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Language Study / Indigenous Languages
in the Americas
83
Changes for the 2023 Edition
Adult Nonfiction (codes that
don’t start with FIC/JUV/YA)
84
Existing Adult Nonfiction Codes
● ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas (ART041000)
● BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / Indigenous (BIO028000)
● COOKING / Regional & Ethnic / Indigenous Food of the Americas (CKB058000)
● DRAMA / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (DRA020000)
● FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDY / Indigenous Languages of the Americas (FOR031000)
● HISTORY / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (HIS028000)
● LAW / Indigenous Law (LAW110000)
● LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (LCO013000)
● LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (LIT004060)
● POETRY / American / Native American (POE015000)
● POETRY / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (POE011010)
● RELIGION / Indigenous, Folk & Tribal (REL029000)
● SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / American / Native American Studies (SOC021000)
● SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Studies (SOC062000)
85
86
Religion: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
REL029000 RELIGION / Indigenous, Folk & Tribal new literal RELIGION / Folk & Tribal
REL124000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / General
REL124010 addition
RELIGION / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual
Practice
REL124020 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Sacred Stories
REL124030 addition
RELIGION / Indigenous / Scripture &
Prayerbooks
REL124040 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Spirituality
REL124050 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Teachings
REL125000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
REL126000 addition RELIGION / Native American
Religion: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
REL029000 RELIGION / Indigenous, Folk & Tribal new literal RELIGION / Folk & Tribal
REL124000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / General
REL124010 addition
RELIGION / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual
Practice
REL124020 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Sacred Stories
REL124030 addition
RELIGION / Indigenous / Scripture &
Prayerbooks
REL124040 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Spirituality
REL124050 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Teachings
REL125000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
REL126000 addition RELIGION / Native American
87
Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
ART041000 ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas new literal ART / Indigenous
ART070000 addition ART / Indigenous Art of Turtle Island
ART069000 addition ART / American / Native American
ART071000 addition ART / Techniques / Basketry
ART072000 addition ART / Techniques / Beadwork
ART074000 addition ART / Techniques / Leatherwork & Hidework
ART075000 addition ART / Techniques / Quillwork
ART076000 addition ART / Techniques / Textiles & Weaving
88
Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
ART041000 ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas new literal ART / Indigenous
ART070000 addition ART / Indigenous Art of Turtle Island
ART069000 addition ART / American / Native American
ART071000 addition ART / Techniques / Basketry
ART072000 addition ART / Techniques / Beadwork
ART074000 addition ART / Techniques / Leatherwork & Hidework
ART075000 addition ART / Techniques / Quillwork
ART076000 addition ART / Techniques / Textiles & Weaving
89
Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
ART041000 ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas new literal ART / Indigenous
ART070000 addition ART / Indigenous Art of Turtle Island
ART069000 addition ART / American / Native American
ART071000 addition ART / Techniques / Basketry
ART072000 addition ART / Techniques / Beadwork
ART074000 addition ART / Techniques / Leatherwork & Hidework
ART075000 addition ART / Techniques / Quillwork
ART076000 addition ART / Techniques / Textiles & Weaving
90
Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
ART015130 addition ART / History / European / General
ART015090 ART / History / Baroque & Rococo new literal ART / History / European / Baroque & Rococo
ART015070 ART / History / Medieval new literal ART / History / European / Medieval
ART015080 ART / History / Renaissance new literal ART / History / European / Renaissance
ART015120 ART / History / Romanticism new literal ART / History / European / Romanticism
ART015140 addition ART / History / Indigenous
91
Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
ART015130 addition ART / History / European / General
ART015090 ART / History / Baroque & Rococo new literal ART / History / European / Baroque & Rococo
ART015070 ART / History / Medieval new literal ART / History / European / Medieval
ART015080 ART / History / Renaissance new literal ART / History / European / Renaissance
ART015120 ART / History / Romanticism new literal ART / History / European / Romanticism
ART015140 addition ART / History / Indigenous
92
93
History: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
HIS028000
HISTORY / Indigenous
Peoples in the Americas
new literal; converting
to a general
HISTORY / Indigenous / General
HIS028010 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Creation & Origins
HIS028020 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Migration
HIS028030 addition
HISTORY / Indigenous / Archaeological Stages &
Interpretations of Oral History
HIS028040 addition
HISTORY / Indigenous / Contact, European
Invasion & Exploration
HIS028050 addition
HISTORY / Indigenous / Colonial History &
Interaction with Nations, Tribes, Bands &
Communities
HIS028060 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Modern
History: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
HIS028000
HISTORY / Indigenous
Peoples in the Americas
new literal; converting
to a general
HISTORY / Indigenous / General
HIS028010 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Creation & Origins
HIS028020 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Migration
HIS028030 addition
HISTORY / Indigenous / Archaeological Stages
& Interpretations of Oral History
HIS028040 addition
HISTORY / Indigenous / Contact, European
Invasion & Exploration
HIS028050 addition
HISTORY / Indigenous / Colonial History &
Interaction with Nations, Tribes, Bands &
Communities
HIS028060 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Modern
94
History: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
HIS069000 addition HISTORY / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
HIS070000 addition HISTORY / Native American
95
Political Science: New Codes & Changes to Established
Codes
96
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
POL074000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / General
POL074010 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Governance & Sovereignty
POL074020 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Reconciliation
POL074030 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Treaties & Agreements
POL075000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
POL076000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Native American
Political Science: New Codes & Changes to Established
Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
POL074000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / General
POL074010 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Governance & Sovereignty
POL074020 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Reconciliation
POL074030 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Treaties & Agreements
POL075000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
POL076000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Native American
97
Drama, Literary Collections, Literary Criticism, Poetry: New
Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
DRA020000
DRAMA / Indigenous Peoples in the
Americas
new literal DRAMA / Indigenous
DRA022000 addition DRAMA / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
DRA023000 addition DRAMA / Native American
LCO013000
LITERARY COLLECTIONS /
Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
new literal LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous
LCO023000 addition
LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous Peoples
of Turtle Island
LCO024000 addition LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Native American
98
Drama, Literary Collections, Literary Criticism, Poetry: New
Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
LIT004060
LIT004060 LITERARY CRITICISM /
Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
new literal LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous
LIT027000 addition
LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island
LIT028000 addition LITERARY CRITICISM / Native American
POE030000 addition POETRY / Indigenous
99
Drama, Literary Collections, Literary Criticism, Poetry: New
Codes & Changes to Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
LIT004060
LIT004060 LITERARY CRITICISM /
Indigenous Peoples in the Americas
new literal LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous
LIT027000 addition
LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island
LIT028000 addition LITERARY CRITICISM / Native American
POE030000 addition POETRY / Indigenous
100
Comics & Graphic Novels: New Codes & Changes to
Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
CGN028000 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / Indigenous
CGN029000 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island
CGN032000 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / Native American
CGN009050 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer
101
Cooking & Social Science: Changes to Established Codes
● Every COOKING / Regional & Ethnic code renamed to COOKING /
Regional & Cultural
○ 45 codes
● Every SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies code renamed to SOCIAL
SCIENCE / Cultural & Ethnic Studies
○ 13 codes
102
Cooking & Social Science: New Codes & Changes to
Established Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
CKB058000
COOKING / Regional & Ethnic /
Indigenous Food of the Americas
new literal COOKING / Regional & Cultural / Indigenous
CKB138000 addition
COOKING / Regional & Cultural / Indigenous
Food of Turtle Island
CKB139000 addition
COOKING / Regional & Cultural / Native
American
SOC075000 addition
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Peoples of
Turtle Island Studies
SOC021000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic
Studies / American / Native
American Studies
removed
from tree
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Native American Studies
103
“Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established
Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
BUS119000 addition BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Indigenous Economies
EDU062000 addition EDUCATION / Cultural Pedagogies
FAM060000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Chosen Family
FAM061000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Indigenous Families
HEA056000 addition HEALTH & FITNESS / Indigenous Health & Healing
LAN030000 addition LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Orality
LAW110000 LAW / Indigenous Law
new
literal
LAW / Indigenous Law & Legal Systems
MAT043000 addition MATHEMATICS / Social & Cultural Aspects
MED122000 addition MEDICAL / Indigenous Health & Healing
SEL050000 addition SELF-HELP / Indigenous Mental Health & Healing
104
“Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established
Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
BUS119000 addition BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Indigenous Economies
EDU062000 addition EDUCATION / Cultural Pedagogies
FAM060000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Chosen Families
FAM061000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Indigenous Families
HEA056000 addition HEALTH & FITNESS / Indigenous Health & Healing
LAN030000 addition LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Orality
LAW110000 LAW / Indigenous Law
new
literal
LAW / Indigenous Law & Legal Systems
MAT043000 addition MATHEMATICS / Social & Cultural Aspects
MED122000 addition MEDICAL / Indigenous Health & Healing
SEL050000 addition SELF-HELP / Indigenous Mental Health & Healing
105
“Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established
Codes
106
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
MED123000 addition MEDICAL / Multicultural Medicine
MUS056000 addition MUSIC / Genres & Styles / Indigenous
NAT050000 addition NATURE / Cultural Botany
NAT052000 addition NATURE / Indigenous Stewardship
PER021000
PERFORMING ARTS /
Dance / Regional &
Ethnic
new
literal
PERFORMING ARTS / Dance / Cultural & Regional
PHI050000 addition PHILOSOPHY / Indigenous
SCI104000 addition SCIENCE / Indigenous Knowledge & Perspectives
TEC075000 addition
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Indigenous Knowledge &
Perspectives
“Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established
Codes
Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal
MED123000 addition MEDICAL / Multicultural Medicine
MUS056000 addition MUSIC / Genres & Styles / Indigenous
NAT050000 addition NATURE / Cultural Botany
NAT052000 addition NATURE / Indigenous Stewardship
PER021000
PERFORMING ARTS /
Dance / Regional &
Ethnic
new
literal
PERFORMING ARTS / Dance / Cultural & Regional
PHI050000 addition PHILOSOPHY / Indigenous
SCI104000 addition SCIENCE / Indigenous Knowledge & Perspectives
TEC075000 addition
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Indigenous Knowledge &
Perspectives
107
108
Looking Forward: Indigeneity in Standards
● How to reflect Indigenous geographies
○ BISAC Regional Themes
○ Thema
○ Other places in product metadata
● Continued work on examining Indigenous worldview in the BISAC list
○ Settler approach of pan-indigeneity
○ Navigating the fiction / nonfiction divide
○ Evolving terminology
● Ethical
109
We need your input
● We want you to participate
● We need active stakeholder groups discussing these problems
● It is the only way change happens
Both BISAC and Thema are looking for feedback of Indigeneity and other
issues.
110
Ongoing Challenges: Ethics
All forms of categorization are colonization
against identity.
— Tom Richardson, BookNet Canada
111
Thank you
standards@booknetcanada.ca
booknetcanada.ca/newsletter-sign-up
April 2024

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#StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC - Tech Forum 2024

  • 1. Lauren Stewart #StandardsGoals for 2024: What’s new for BISAC April 2024
  • 2.
  • 3. What’s new in Bibliographic Standards? 3
  • 4. What’s new in Bibliographic Standards? 4
  • 5. What’s new in Bibliographic Standards? 5
  • 6. What’s new in Bibliographic Standards? ● ONIX 3.1 released ● 5 new ONIX codelists (61-65) ● BookNet endorsement of BISG’s Statement on Misuse of the title and subtitle fields ● 2023 BISAC Subject Codes released 6
  • 7. ● Book Industry Standards and Communication ● North American-administered standard to describe the content of a book ○ Committee steered by the Book Industry Study Group (BISG) ○ Also used in parts of Central and South America ● Three “flavours” of BISAC ○ BISAC Subject Headings ○ BISAC Merchandising Themes ○ BISAC Regional Themes 7 BISAC: Quick Round-Up
  • 8. BISAC Merchandising Themes ● Merchandising themes can be used in addition to subject codes to denote: ○ An audience to which a work may be of particular appeal ○ A time of year or event for which a work may be especially appropriate ○ A frequently requested topic ○ Note that this is optional, separate from the subject ● Can help further describe fictional works ● More information & codelist: bisg.org/bisac-merchandising-themes-version-27 8
  • 9. BISAC Regional Themes ● Highlight regional opportunities for: ○ Appropriate sales representatives ○ Regional purchase by booksellers and chain buyers ○ Cataloging considerations and regional librarians ○ Promotions and media 9
  • 10. BISAC Subject Codes ● Alpha-numeric codes with English-language headings ● 52 major sections with detailed subtopics ● Over 5,500 distinct terms in the 2023 edition ● New list released every year ● More information and codelist: bisg.org/complete-bisac-subject-headings-list 10
  • 11. BISAC Subject Code: Subject Codes Committee ● BISG members’ volunteers ● BookNet is the designated Canadian market representative, though other Canadians sit on the Committee ● Creating, revising, and amending the list of codes and subject headings ● Soliciting and reviewing requests for updates from the publishing community and committee members 11
  • 12. BISAC Subject Codes: The process ● Annual list release schedule: ○ North American Subject Codes Committee meets once per month, every month September-Summer ○ Final list of committee-selected proposals approved by BISG’s Board of Directors in Fall ○ November / December release ○ Adoption by industry systems follows 12
  • 13. 13
  • 14. BISAC Structure Child 1 subject heading Parent 1 subject heading Major heading Parent 2 subject heading Child 2 subject heading Child 1 subject heading Child 2 subject heading Grandchild 4 subject heading Grandchild 5 subject heading Great grandchild 2 subject heading Great grandchild 3 subject heading Grandchild 3 subject heading Grandchild 2 subject heading Grandchild 1 subject heading Great grandchild 4 subject heading Great grandchild 1 subject heading 14
  • 15. Indigeneity in BISAC Subject Headings: Why ● Requests from publishers & supply chain participants to address: ○ Gaps in representation and missing Indigenous worldviews ■ Missing codes reflecting large swaths of products ■ Desire for improved granularity ○ Conscious & unconscious bias evident in the subject headings ○ Persistent catch-22 of publishers of Indigenous content: 1. Select a subject code that does not represent Indigeneity authentically to respond to market opportunities, or 2. Choose to honour Indigenous worldviews and limit BISAC engagement and subsequent opportunities 15
  • 16. Indigeneity in BISAC Subject Headings: Why ● Strong response following the limited changes requested & made in 2022: ○ Engagement from Indigenous-owned and -operated presses ○ Desire to see expanded availability of codes beyond the Juvenile and Young Adult subject areas 16
  • 17. A Short History of Terminology Changes in BISAC ● 2019: “Aboriginal” to “Native American”, as applicable ● 2019: “Native Canadian” to “Canada / Indigenous”, or similar ● 2020: “Native American” to “Indigenous Peoples of the Americas”, as applicable ● 2022: “of the Americas” to “in the Americas” ● 2022: “Canada / Indigenous” (or similar) to “Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island” 17
  • 18. Indigeneity in BISAC Subject Headings: Why ● Market performance: ○ Sales growth of “Indigenous” subjects tracked by BookNet’s SalesData service (service akin to BookScan in the US) 18
  • 19. ● Call for participants & involvement in late summer & fall of 2022 ● Started meeting in December 2022 with 13 meetings to-date ● Cross-function and title-agnostic engagement with firms 19 Our Working Group
  • 20. Our Working Group ● Chickasaw Press / Independent Book Publishers Association ● HarperCollins Canada/Harlequin ● Penguin Random House Canada ● Goodminds ● Gooselane ● Groundwood Books ● House of Anansi ● Library & Archives Canada 20 ● Lone Pine Publishing ● Medicine Wheel Education ● NeWest Press ● Orca Book Publishers ● Stratford Public Library
  • 21. ● Pre-2023 list, 30 codes exist across all 5,200+ subject headings ● Leaving major gaps for a number of our publisher participants and those who supplied feedback 21 Major theme: Need for more codes, full stop
  • 22. Major theme: Need for more codes, full stop 22
  • 23. Major theme: Need for more codes, full stop ● Example book: Anompilbashsha' Asilhha' Holisso: Chickasaw Prayer Book from Chickasaw Press ● Current available subject headings are insufficient: ○ FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDY / Indigenous Languages of the Americas ○ RELIGION / Prayer 23
  • 24. 24 Major theme: Need for more codes that reflect an Indigenous worldview
  • 25. Major theme: Need for more codes that reflect an Indigenous worldview ● Example book: Mother Earth Plants for Health & Beauty: Indigenous Plants, Traditions, and Recipes by Carrie Armstrong ● Current subject headings are insufficient: ○ BODY, MIND & SPIRIT / Healing / General ○ CRAFTS & HOBBIES / Candle Making ○ SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Studies 25
  • 26. Major theme: Need for distinction between market participants (“Canadian”, “US”, international) ● In the Canadian market, differentiating & identifying “Canadian” is essential ○ Federal, provincial & local government programs to fund Canadian authors, publishers & retailers ○ National marketing programs of Canadian authors & publishers ○ National bestseller lists of Canadian authors & publishers: newspapers of records include dedicated Canadian lists 26
  • 27. ● Note: differentiating Indigenous groups (and, therefore, content) according to Canadian / US statehood is not straightforward: ○ Indigenous worldview sees no border between the United States and Canada ○ Before settlers arrived on the land known as “North America,” Indigenous groups would settle, travel, and roam the lands, crossing what we now refer to as borders ○ The creation of the border between Canada and United States separated communities, language groups, and families 27 Major theme: Need for distinction between market participants (“Canadian”, “US”, international)
  • 28. ● Observation that some existing codes are third level and not easily located by subject coders in-house, nor located by buyers ● Known challenge: the “tree”-type structure of BISAC and the supremacies and associations that are suggested because of a hierarchical system 28 Major theme: Need for codes to be more “visible” and discoverable by data providers and data recipients
  • 29. ● Examining the use of the word “ethnic” where it appears in existing codes and suggesting alternative language: ○ Term is applied selectively by dominant groups to equity-seeking communities (often those of colour) ○ Term applies a fictional dichotomy between white people and communities of colour ○ Term also suggests that white people do not have an ethnicity ● Examining where some groups of people are sub-classified in subheadings and others are not ○ ex. codes in “Biography & Autobiography” 29 Additional Considerations of the Working Group
  • 30. Results: Coding Methodology ● Our approach: “three branch” methodology ● Following existing approach in the Young Adult categories ● Three branch methodology: ○ “Indigenous” ○ “Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island” ○ “Native American” ● Only the “Indigenous” branch to collect subheadings (if present) 30
  • 31. Results: Coding Methodology MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous; OR MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous / General MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous / Subheading 1 MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous / Subheading 2 AND MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island 󰎟 AND MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Native American 󰑔 31
  • 32. ● When one of the MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous codes are selected to describe the book's content, the publisher could also select either: Code Connotes content relevant to buyers and/or readers interested in… MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island “Canadian” content 󰎟 MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Native American "US" content 󰑔 32 Coding Methodology: Guidelines
  • 33. ● This restrained proposal (akin to “double coding” approaches used elsewhere in the list) has benefits: ○ Enriches meaning/understanding of the MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous ○ Offers opportunities for market differentiation ○ Opens up opportunities in the future to add additional, more precise groups (such as First Nations, Inuit & Métis) ● Both non-branches could be used independently, if there was not an appropriate MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous code to select: ○ MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island or MAIN SUBJECT CODE HEADING / Native American 33 Coding Methodology: Guidelines
  • 34. ● Finally, for additional granularity, a publisher may choose to use BISAC Merchandising Themes to add granularity. The following are all scheduled to be added in the 2023 list: ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / First Nations ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Métis ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Inuit ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island ○ EVENT / Powwow ○ EVENT / National Indigenous History Month ○ HOLIDAY / National Indigenous Peoples Day ○ HOLIDAY / Indigenous Peoples' Day (US; formerly Columbus Day) ○ HOLIDAY / National Day for Truth and Reconciliation (Orange Shirt Day) 34 Coding Methodology: Guidelines
  • 35. 35 ● Finally, for additional granularity, a publisher may choose to use BISAC Merchandising Themes to add granularity. The following are all scheduled to be added in the 2023 list: ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / First Nations ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Métis ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Inuit ○ CULTURAL HERITAGE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island ○ EVENT / Powwow ○ EVENT / National Indigenous History Month ○ HOLIDAY / National Indigenous Peoples Day ○ HOLIDAY / Indigenous Peoples' Day (US; formerly Columbus Day) ○ HOLIDAY / National Day for Truth and Reconciliation (Orange Shirt Day) Coding Methodology: Guidelines
  • 36. Changes for the 2023 Edition “People & Places” 36
  • 37. People & Places ● The distinction and segregation of Peoples into a separate heading implies an “othering” where their identities are not the presumed to be of the “norm” / “dominant” / “majority” identity group ○ This mindset is harmful and marginalizing to both the creators and publishers of works classified under these terms as well as to the potential consumers of such content 37
  • 38. People & Places ● These branches appear in the following locations: ○ JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places ○ JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places ○ YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places ○ YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places ● These branches contain both regions and countries, as well as people 38
  • 39. People & Places: Juvenile Fiction ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / General ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Africa ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Asia ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Canada ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Europe ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / General ○ JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Mexico ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Middle East ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / General ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 39
  • 40. People & Places: Regions, Countries & People ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / General ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Africa ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Asia ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Canada ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Europe ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / General ○ JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Mexico ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Middle East ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / General ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 40
  • 41. People & Places: Young Adult Fiction ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / General ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Africa ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Asia ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Canada ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Europe ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Mexico ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Middle East ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / General ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 41
  • 42. ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / General ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Africa ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Asia ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Australia & Oceania ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Canada ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Caribbean & Latin America ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Europe ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Mexico ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Middle East ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / Polar Regions ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / General ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / African American & Black ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Asian American & Pacific Islander ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Hispanic & Latino ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Middle Eastern & Arab American ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American 42 People & Places: Regions, Countries & People
  • 43. ● “People & Places” no more; reworked to: ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Places & JUVENILE NONFICTION / Places ○ YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Places & YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Places ● “People” now top-level subheadings, i.e.: ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island ○ JUVENILE FICTION / African American & Black ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Asian American & Pacific Islander ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Hispanic & Latino ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Middle Eastern & Arab American ○ JUVENILE FICTION / Native American 43 People & Places: Changes
  • 44. Biography & Autobiography: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal BIO002000 BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / General new literal BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural & Regional BIO028000 BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / Indigenous removed from tree BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Indigenous BIO039000 addition BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island BIO040000 addition BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Native American 44
  • 45. Biography & Autobiography: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal BIO002010 BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / African American & Black removed from tree BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / African American & Black BIO002040 BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / Arab & Middle Eastern removed from tree BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Arab & Middle Eastern BIO002020 BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / Asian & Asian American removed from tree BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Asian & Asian American BIO002030 BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / Hispanic & Latino removed from tree BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Hispanic & Latino 45
  • 46. Changes for the 2023 Edition “Legends, Myths & Fables” 46
  • 47. Legends, Myths & Fables: Indigenous Worldview ● Reports to BookNet Canada asserted that Indigenous owned and/or operated firms avoid this code as they feel it is disrespectful to their Peoples: ○ In respect to many Indigenous cultures, their stories, teachings and values make up their worldview, that of a living culture, and the connotation of being grouped with legacy (historical) or fictional cultures is harmful ○ Moreover, grouping into an omnibus code that includes all three components (Legends, Myths & Fables) has the negative association that their stories (incl. sacred) are untrue ○ Perpetuates colonial and Eurocentric ways of thinking that Indigenous worldviews do not deserve to be upheld in the same way as others’. After all, BISAC codes do not consider Christian worldviews as “Legends, Myths and Fables”, as that would be disrespectful to the beliefs of that community 47
  • 48. Legends, Myths & Fables: Juvenile & Young Adult Fiction 48 ● JUV022000 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General ● JUV012050 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / African ● JUV022010 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian ● JUV012060 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Asian ● JUV012070 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Caribbean & Latin American ● JUV022020 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman ● JUV012080 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas ● JUV022030 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Norse ● YAF030000 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General ● YAF030010 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian ● YAF030020 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman
  • 49. Legends, Myths & Fables: Legacy vs. Living vs. Fictional ● JUV022000 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General ● JUV012050 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / African ● JUV022010 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian ● JUV012060 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Asian ● JUV012070 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Caribbean & Latin American ● JUV022020 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman ● JUV012080 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas ● JUV022030 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Norse ● YAF030000 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / General ● YAF030010 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Arthurian ● YAF030020 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Greek & Roman 49
  • 50. Legends, Myths & Fables: Our Recommendation ● The code JUV012080 JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas be removed ● Publishers be directed to other appropriate, available codes to re-code their books ● BookNet can/will assist with advocacy & customer service ○ Email: lauren@booknetcanada.ca 50
  • 51. Adult Fiction Changes for the 2023 Edition 51
  • 52. Existing Adult Fiction Codes ● FICTION / Indigenous (FIC059000) 52
  • 53. Adult Fiction: Changes to Existing Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal FIC059000 FICTION / Indigenous converting to a general FICTION / Indigenous / General 53
  • 54. Adult Fiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal FIC059010 addition FICTION / Indigenous / City Life FIC059020 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Elders FIC059030 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Erotica FIC059040 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life FIC059050 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Historical FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Horror FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Indigenous Futurism FIC059080 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories FIC059090 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Mystery & Detective FIC059100 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Storytelling & Teachings FIC059110 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Science Fiction FIC059120 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Women 54
  • 55. 55 Adult Fiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal FIC059010 addition FICTION / Indigenous / City Life FIC059020 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Elders FIC059030 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Erotica FIC059040 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life FIC059050 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Historical FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Horror FIC059060 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Indigenous Futurism FIC059080 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories FIC059090 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Mystery & Detective FIC059100 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Storytelling & Teachings FIC059110 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Science Fiction FIC059120 addition FICTION / Indigenous / Women
  • 56. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal FIC135000 addition FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island FIC137000 addition FICTION / Native American FIC005100 addition FICTION / Erotica / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer FIC009150 addition FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous YAF031050 addition FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer FIC027510 addition FICTION / Romance / Indigenous FIC027520 addition FICTION / Romance / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer 56 Adult Fiction: New Codes
  • 57. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal FIC135000 addition FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island FIC137000 addition FICTION / Native American FIC005100 addition FICTION / Erotica / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer FIC009150 addition FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous YAF031050 addition FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer FIC027510 addition FICTION / Romance / Indigenous FIC027520 addition FICTION / Romance / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer 57 Adult Fiction: New Codes
  • 58. Juvenile Fiction Changes for the 2023 Edition 58
  • 59. Existing Juvenile Fiction Codes ● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JUV008160) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American (JUV008170) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (JUV012080) ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JUV030090) ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings (JUV030140) ● JUVENILE FICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American (JUV011040) 59
  • 60. Existing Juvenile Fiction Codes ● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JUV008160) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American (JUV008170) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Legends, Myths, Fables / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (JUV012080) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JUV030090) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings (JUV030140) ● JUVENILE FICTION / Native American (JUV011040) 60
  • 61. Juvenile Fiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JUV083000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / General JUV083010 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories JUV083020 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Cautionary Tales JUV083030 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Elders JUV083040 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life JUV083050 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Historical JUV083060 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories JUV083070 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Stories JUV083080 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Retellings 61
  • 62. Juvenile Fiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JUV083000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / General JUV083010 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories JUV083020 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Cautionary Tales JUV083030 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Elders JUV083040 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life JUV083050 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Historical JUV083060 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories JUV083070 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Stories JUV083080 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Indigenous / Retellings 62
  • 63. Juvenile Fiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JUV082000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / First Nations JUV084000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Inuit JUV085000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Métis JUV081000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Biracial & Multiracial JUV008210 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous JUV009130 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Concepts / Language JUV013100 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Family / Grandparents JUV087000 addition JUVENILE FICTION / Trickster Tales 63
  • 64. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JUV012020 JUVENILE FICTION / Fairy Tales & Folklore / Country & Ethnic new literal JUVENILE FICTION / Fairy Tales & Folklore / Country & Cultural 64 Juvenile Fiction: Changes to Existing Codes
  • 65. Young Adult Fiction Changes for the 2023 Edition 65
  • 66. Existing Young Adult Fiction Codes ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous (YAF046010) ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (YAF046170) ● YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Native American (YAF046150) 66
  • 67. Young Adult Fiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal YAF046180 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Cautionary Tales YAF046190 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / City Life YAF046200 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Family Life YAF046210 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Historical YAF046220 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Life Stories YAF046230 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Oral Stories YAF046240 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Retellings YAF046250 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Indigenous / Teachings YAF077000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / First Nations YAF078000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Inuit YAF079000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Métis 67
  • 68. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal YAF076000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Biracial & Multiracial YAF010220 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous YAF010230 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island YAF010240 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American YAF019070 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous YAF052080 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / Indigenous YAF056040 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Science Fiction / Indigenous Futurism 68 Young Adult Fiction: New Codes
  • 69. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal YAF076000 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Biracial & Multiracial YAF010220 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous YAF010230 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island YAF010240 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Comics & Graphic Novels / Native American YAF019070 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Fantasy / Indigenous YAF052080 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Romance / Indigenous YAF056040 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / Science Fiction / Indigenous Futurism 69 Young Adult Fiction: New Codes
  • 70. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal YAF031000 YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ converting to a general YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / General YAF031010 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Bisexual YAF031020 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Gay YAF031030 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Lesbian YAF031040 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Transgender YAF031050 addition YOUNG ADULT FICTION / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer 70 Young Adult Fiction: New Codes & Changes to Existing Codes
  • 71. Juvenile Nonfiction Changes for the 2023 Edition 71
  • 72. Existing Juvenile Nonfiction Codes ● JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JNF038120) ● JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings & Traditions (JNF038140) ● JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American (JNF018040) 72
  • 73. Existing Juvenile Nonfiction Codes ● JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (JNF038120) ● JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings & Traditions ● JUVENILE NONFICTION / Native American (JNF018040) 73
  • 74. Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JNF076000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / General JNF076010 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories JNF076020 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Elders JNF076030 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Family Life JNF076040 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Health & Healing JNF076050 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / History JNF076060 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Land-Based Knowledge JNF076070 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Reconciliation JNF075000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / First Nations JNF077000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Inuit JNF078000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Métis 74
  • 75. Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JNF076000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / General JNF076010 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Animal Stories JNF076020 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Elders JNF076030 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Family Life JNF076040 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Health & Healing JNF076050 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / History JNF076060 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Land-Based Knowledge JNF076070 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Indigenous / Reconciliation JNF075000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / First Nations JNF077000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Inuit JNF078000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Métis 75
  • 76. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JNF074000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biracial & Multiracial JNF019100 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Family / Grandparents JNF049340 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / General JNF049350 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual Practice JNF049360 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Sacred Stories JNF049370 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Scripture & Prayerbooks JNF049380 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Spirituality 76 Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes
  • 77. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JNF074000 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biracial & Multiracial JNF019100 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Family / Grandparents JNF049340 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / General JNF049350 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual Practice JNF049360 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Sacred Stories JNF049370 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Scripture & Prayerbooks JNF049380 addition JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Spirituality 77 Juvenile Nonfiction: New Codes
  • 78. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JNF038140 JUVENILE NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island / Teachings & Traditions new literal JUVENILE NONFICTION / Religion / Indigenous / Teachings & Traditions JNF007050 JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biography & Autobiography / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional new literal JUVENILE NONFICTION / Biography & Autobiography / Cultural & Regional 78 Juvenile Nonfiction: Changes to Existing Codes
  • 79. Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal JNF020010 JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign Language Study / English as a Second Language new literal JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study / English as a Second Language JNF020020 JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign Language Study / French new literal JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study / French JNF020000 JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign Language Study / General new literal JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study / General JNF020030 JUVENILE NONFICTION / Foreign Language Study / Spanish new literal JUVENILE NONFICTION / Language Study / Spanish 79 Juvenile Nonfiction: Changes to Existing Codes
  • 80. Young Adult Fiction Changes for the 2023 Edition 80
  • 81. Existing Young Adult Nonfiction Codes ● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous (YAN038010) ● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (YAN038160) ● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / People & Places / United States / Native American (YAN038140) 81
  • 82. Existing Young Adult Nonfiction Codes ● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous (YAN038010) ● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (YAN038160) ● YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Native American (YAN038140) 82
  • 83. Young Adult Nonfiction: New Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal YAN038170 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Elders YAN038180 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Family Life YAN038190 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Health & Healing YAN038200 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / History YAN038210 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Land-Based Knowledge YAN038220 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Indigenous / Reconciliation YAN063000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / First Nations YAN064000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Inuit YAN065000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Métis YAN062000 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Biracial & Multiracial YAN020040 addition YOUNG ADULT NONFICTION / Language Study / Indigenous Languages in the Americas 83
  • 84. Changes for the 2023 Edition Adult Nonfiction (codes that don’t start with FIC/JUV/YA) 84
  • 85. Existing Adult Nonfiction Codes ● ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas (ART041000) ● BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY / Cultural, Ethnic & Regional / Indigenous (BIO028000) ● COOKING / Regional & Ethnic / Indigenous Food of the Americas (CKB058000) ● DRAMA / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (DRA020000) ● FOREIGN LANGUAGE STUDY / Indigenous Languages of the Americas (FOR031000) ● HISTORY / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (HIS028000) ● LAW / Indigenous Law (LAW110000) ● LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (LCO013000) ● LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas (LIT004060) ● POETRY / American / Native American (POE015000) ● POETRY / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (POE011010) ● RELIGION / Indigenous, Folk & Tribal (REL029000) ● SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / American / Native American Studies (SOC021000) ● SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Studies (SOC062000) 85
  • 86. 86 Religion: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal REL029000 RELIGION / Indigenous, Folk & Tribal new literal RELIGION / Folk & Tribal REL124000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / General REL124010 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual Practice REL124020 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Sacred Stories REL124030 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Scripture & Prayerbooks REL124040 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Spirituality REL124050 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Teachings REL125000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island REL126000 addition RELIGION / Native American
  • 87. Religion: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal REL029000 RELIGION / Indigenous, Folk & Tribal new literal RELIGION / Folk & Tribal REL124000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / General REL124010 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Ceremony & Spiritual Practice REL124020 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Sacred Stories REL124030 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Scripture & Prayerbooks REL124040 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Spirituality REL124050 addition RELIGION / Indigenous / Teachings REL125000 addition RELIGION / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island REL126000 addition RELIGION / Native American 87
  • 88. Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal ART041000 ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas new literal ART / Indigenous ART070000 addition ART / Indigenous Art of Turtle Island ART069000 addition ART / American / Native American ART071000 addition ART / Techniques / Basketry ART072000 addition ART / Techniques / Beadwork ART074000 addition ART / Techniques / Leatherwork & Hidework ART075000 addition ART / Techniques / Quillwork ART076000 addition ART / Techniques / Textiles & Weaving 88
  • 89. Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal ART041000 ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas new literal ART / Indigenous ART070000 addition ART / Indigenous Art of Turtle Island ART069000 addition ART / American / Native American ART071000 addition ART / Techniques / Basketry ART072000 addition ART / Techniques / Beadwork ART074000 addition ART / Techniques / Leatherwork & Hidework ART075000 addition ART / Techniques / Quillwork ART076000 addition ART / Techniques / Textiles & Weaving 89
  • 90. Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal ART041000 ART / Indigenous Art of the Americas new literal ART / Indigenous ART070000 addition ART / Indigenous Art of Turtle Island ART069000 addition ART / American / Native American ART071000 addition ART / Techniques / Basketry ART072000 addition ART / Techniques / Beadwork ART074000 addition ART / Techniques / Leatherwork & Hidework ART075000 addition ART / Techniques / Quillwork ART076000 addition ART / Techniques / Textiles & Weaving 90
  • 91. Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal ART015130 addition ART / History / European / General ART015090 ART / History / Baroque & Rococo new literal ART / History / European / Baroque & Rococo ART015070 ART / History / Medieval new literal ART / History / European / Medieval ART015080 ART / History / Renaissance new literal ART / History / European / Renaissance ART015120 ART / History / Romanticism new literal ART / History / European / Romanticism ART015140 addition ART / History / Indigenous 91
  • 92. Art: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal ART015130 addition ART / History / European / General ART015090 ART / History / Baroque & Rococo new literal ART / History / European / Baroque & Rococo ART015070 ART / History / Medieval new literal ART / History / European / Medieval ART015080 ART / History / Renaissance new literal ART / History / European / Renaissance ART015120 ART / History / Romanticism new literal ART / History / European / Romanticism ART015140 addition ART / History / Indigenous 92
  • 93. 93 History: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal HIS028000 HISTORY / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas new literal; converting to a general HISTORY / Indigenous / General HIS028010 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Creation & Origins HIS028020 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Migration HIS028030 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Archaeological Stages & Interpretations of Oral History HIS028040 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Contact, European Invasion & Exploration HIS028050 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Colonial History & Interaction with Nations, Tribes, Bands & Communities HIS028060 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Modern
  • 94. History: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal HIS028000 HISTORY / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas new literal; converting to a general HISTORY / Indigenous / General HIS028010 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Creation & Origins HIS028020 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Migration HIS028030 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Archaeological Stages & Interpretations of Oral History HIS028040 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Contact, European Invasion & Exploration HIS028050 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Colonial History & Interaction with Nations, Tribes, Bands & Communities HIS028060 addition HISTORY / Indigenous / Modern 94
  • 95. History: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal HIS069000 addition HISTORY / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island HIS070000 addition HISTORY / Native American 95
  • 96. Political Science: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes 96 Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal POL074000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / General POL074010 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Governance & Sovereignty POL074020 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Reconciliation POL074030 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Treaties & Agreements POL075000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island POL076000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Native American
  • 97. Political Science: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal POL074000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / General POL074010 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Governance & Sovereignty POL074020 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Reconciliation POL074030 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous / Treaties & Agreements POL075000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island POL076000 addition POLITICAL SCIENCE / Native American 97
  • 98. Drama, Literary Collections, Literary Criticism, Poetry: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal DRA020000 DRAMA / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas new literal DRAMA / Indigenous DRA022000 addition DRAMA / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island DRA023000 addition DRAMA / Native American LCO013000 LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas new literal LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous LCO023000 addition LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island LCO024000 addition LITERARY COLLECTIONS / Native American 98
  • 99. Drama, Literary Collections, Literary Criticism, Poetry: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal LIT004060 LIT004060 LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas new literal LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous LIT027000 addition LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island LIT028000 addition LITERARY CRITICISM / Native American POE030000 addition POETRY / Indigenous 99
  • 100. Drama, Literary Collections, Literary Criticism, Poetry: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal LIT004060 LIT004060 LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples in the Americas new literal LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous LIT027000 addition LITERARY CRITICISM / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island LIT028000 addition LITERARY CRITICISM / Native American POE030000 addition POETRY / Indigenous 100
  • 101. Comics & Graphic Novels: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal CGN028000 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / Indigenous CGN029000 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island CGN032000 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / Native American CGN009050 addition COMICS & GRAPHIC NOVELS / LGBTQ+ / Two-Spirited & Indigiqueer 101
  • 102. Cooking & Social Science: Changes to Established Codes ● Every COOKING / Regional & Ethnic code renamed to COOKING / Regional & Cultural ○ 45 codes ● Every SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies code renamed to SOCIAL SCIENCE / Cultural & Ethnic Studies ○ 13 codes 102
  • 103. Cooking & Social Science: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal CKB058000 COOKING / Regional & Ethnic / Indigenous Food of the Americas new literal COOKING / Regional & Cultural / Indigenous CKB138000 addition COOKING / Regional & Cultural / Indigenous Food of Turtle Island CKB139000 addition COOKING / Regional & Cultural / Native American SOC075000 addition SOCIAL SCIENCE / Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island Studies SOC021000 SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / American / Native American Studies removed from tree SOCIAL SCIENCE / Native American Studies 103
  • 104. “Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal BUS119000 addition BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Indigenous Economies EDU062000 addition EDUCATION / Cultural Pedagogies FAM060000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Chosen Family FAM061000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Indigenous Families HEA056000 addition HEALTH & FITNESS / Indigenous Health & Healing LAN030000 addition LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Orality LAW110000 LAW / Indigenous Law new literal LAW / Indigenous Law & Legal Systems MAT043000 addition MATHEMATICS / Social & Cultural Aspects MED122000 addition MEDICAL / Indigenous Health & Healing SEL050000 addition SELF-HELP / Indigenous Mental Health & Healing 104
  • 105. “Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal BUS119000 addition BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Indigenous Economies EDU062000 addition EDUCATION / Cultural Pedagogies FAM060000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Chosen Families FAM061000 addition FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS / Indigenous Families HEA056000 addition HEALTH & FITNESS / Indigenous Health & Healing LAN030000 addition LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Orality LAW110000 LAW / Indigenous Law new literal LAW / Indigenous Law & Legal Systems MAT043000 addition MATHEMATICS / Social & Cultural Aspects MED122000 addition MEDICAL / Indigenous Health & Healing SEL050000 addition SELF-HELP / Indigenous Mental Health & Healing 105
  • 106. “Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes 106 Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal MED123000 addition MEDICAL / Multicultural Medicine MUS056000 addition MUSIC / Genres & Styles / Indigenous NAT050000 addition NATURE / Cultural Botany NAT052000 addition NATURE / Indigenous Stewardship PER021000 PERFORMING ARTS / Dance / Regional & Ethnic new literal PERFORMING ARTS / Dance / Cultural & Regional PHI050000 addition PHILOSOPHY / Indigenous SCI104000 addition SCIENCE / Indigenous Knowledge & Perspectives TEC075000 addition TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Indigenous Knowledge & Perspectives
  • 107. “Adult Nonfiction”: New Codes & Changes to Established Codes Code 2022 Literal Change 2023 Literal MED123000 addition MEDICAL / Multicultural Medicine MUS056000 addition MUSIC / Genres & Styles / Indigenous NAT050000 addition NATURE / Cultural Botany NAT052000 addition NATURE / Indigenous Stewardship PER021000 PERFORMING ARTS / Dance / Regional & Ethnic new literal PERFORMING ARTS / Dance / Cultural & Regional PHI050000 addition PHILOSOPHY / Indigenous SCI104000 addition SCIENCE / Indigenous Knowledge & Perspectives TEC075000 addition TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Indigenous Knowledge & Perspectives 107
  • 108. 108
  • 109. Looking Forward: Indigeneity in Standards ● How to reflect Indigenous geographies ○ BISAC Regional Themes ○ Thema ○ Other places in product metadata ● Continued work on examining Indigenous worldview in the BISAC list ○ Settler approach of pan-indigeneity ○ Navigating the fiction / nonfiction divide ○ Evolving terminology ● Ethical 109
  • 110. We need your input ● We want you to participate ● We need active stakeholder groups discussing these problems ● It is the only way change happens Both BISAC and Thema are looking for feedback of Indigeneity and other issues. 110
  • 111. Ongoing Challenges: Ethics All forms of categorization are colonization against identity. — Tom Richardson, BookNet Canada 111