The rise of industry


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The rise of industry

  1. 1. The Rise of Industry • After the Civil War there were 30 million people living in the US –1.3 million worked in Industry. • Only 40 years later, by 1900, US was the largest Industrial country in the world. How did the US become the largest Industrial country in the World? Many factors contributed to the Industrial Revolution
  2. 2. The 5 factors that Contributed to Industrialization 1. Cheap Labor 2. Plenty of Raw Materials- Natural Resources 3. Transportation Railroads 4. Government Policies 5. New Inventions
  3. 3. 1.Cheap Labor • Between 1865-1910 about 20 million immigrants came from Eastern Europe-- countries like Italy, Greece, Poland and Russia Why did they come? 1. Jobs-plenty of jobs and land in US 2. Forced military service 3. Avoid religious persecution 4. Higher standard of living
  4. 4. These multitudes added to the growing industrial workforce, helping factories increase their production and furthering demand for industrial products
  5. 5. Immigrants from Europe
  6. 6. Steerage
  7. 7. New York City
  8. 8. Statue of Liberty
  9. 9. The Grand Hall at Ellis Island
  10. 10. 2.Plenty of Natural Resources West Water, timber, coal, iron, and copper- The presence of these raw materials meant that American companies could obtain them cheaply. But how would they get these products to and from the West??
  11. 11. 3. The Railroad- 13s Changed Time • By linking the nation, railroads helped increase the size of markets for many products. • The Railroad could be a vehicle for sales and transportation • The Railroad itself stimulated the economy by spending extraordinary amounts of money on steel, coal, timber and other necessities.
  12. 12. 4. What was the Government Doing? • Nothing!!! • The Government practiced Laissez-Faire economies • Kept taxes low and no regulations
  13. 13. Men on break
  14. 14. Child Labor
  15. 15. 5. The Inventions • A flood of important inventions helped increase the nation’s productive capacity and improved the network of transportations and communications
  16. 16. Alexander Graham Bell • Invented the telephone and telegraph-allowed people to communicate great distances
  17. 17. Thomas Alva Edison • Perhaps the most famous inventor of the late 1800’s • Phonograph • Perfected the light bulb-electricity was used to drive the machinery in factories—had a dramatic effect on raising peoples standard of living • Later the battery, the Dictaphone, the mimeograph and the motion picture