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Industrial Revolution slides


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Slides to accompany Industrial Revolution Unit

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Industrial Revolution slides

  1. 1. Industrialization ch 25
  2. 2. Beginnings
  3. 3. Explain the beginning of industrialization in Britain: • Improvements in farming methods in the 1700s boost crop yields and lead to enclosed land • Many small farmers lose their land, move to the city, and become urban workers • Britain possesses ideal conditions for the growth of industry
  4. 4. Describe key inventions that furthered the Industrial Revolution: • Key inventions revolutionized industry during the 1700s and 1800s • The textile industry is the first to benefit, with the invention of machines to produce cotton cloth • Transportation expands with the invention of the steam engine and the construction of canals, roads, and railroads
  5. 5. Industrialization
  6. 6. Describe the social and economic effects of industrialization • Industrialization leads to economic growth & urbanization • Industry generates wealth for some but hardship for others • As divisions between rich and poor grow, class tension escalates
  7. 7. Show how Manchester exemplified the new industrial city • Manchester becomes an example of the new industrial city • Textile factories produce great wealth for mill owners • Workers and the environment suffer the effects of industrialization
  8. 8. Social Economic Positives Negatives
  9. 9. Industrialization Spreads
  10. 10. Describe industrial growth in the United States • Like Britain, the United States offers conditions favorable to the growth of industry • British machinery spawns an American textile industry • American industry expands rapidly in the late-1800s, fueled by the growth of railroads
  11. 11. Explain the spread of industry in Europe • At first, war and unrest in Europe delay the growth of industry • Belgium is the first country in Europe to industrialize, followed by Germany • Other parts of Europe begin to develop industry in the mid-1800s, though progress is slow in some areas
  12. 12. Identify the effects of industrialization on the rest of the world • The Industrial Revolution widens the gap between more-developed and less-developed nations • Industrialized countries exploit overseas colonies for resources and markets • Over time, standards of living rise in the industrial nations
  13. 13. Colonialism an extension of a nation’s sovereignty over territory beyond its own national borders, and the rule or displacement of indigenous populations. Colonizing nations generally dominate the resources, labor, and markets of the colonial territory, and may also impose socio-cultural, religious, and linguistic structures on the indigenous population. e.g. Anglo-Zulu War, 1879
  14. 14. An Age of Reform
  15. 15. Identify ideas and thinkers that support industrialization • Laissez-faire thinkers support a free market and oppose government regulation • Economists argue that natural law governs economic life
  16. 16. Explain the origins and main concepts of socialism • Some thinkers oppose laissez-faire policies and favor government efforts to improve people’s lives • Utilitarian thinkers argue that government should promote the general welfare • Socialists and Marxists propose state controls to achieve social and economic equality
  17. 17. Examine unionization and legislative reform • Workers organize unions to raise wages and improve conditions • Unions eventually become established and legal • Reform laws are passed in Britain and the United States to limit child labor and set work hours
  18. 18. Describe other reform movements of the 1800s • Industrialization spurs the growth of various reform movements • The abolition movement helps to end slavery by the late 1800s • Women fight for their rights, while education and prison reform make strides