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Team decision making or Do you know that a camel was originally a horse designed by a committee ?
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Team decision making or Do you know that a camel was originally a horse designed by a committee ?

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    Team decision making or Do you know that a camel was originally a horse designed by a committee ? Team decision making or Do you know that a camel was originally a horse designed by a committee ? Presentation Transcript

    • Techniques for team decision making or do you know that a camel was originally a horse designed by a committee….
      by eugene.veselov@magento.com
      Vs
    • Goal
      To reinforce Magento team with base knowledge about teamwork
      To share positive knowledge
    • Plan
      Pros & Cons of Team decision making
      Decision making tools
      Creativity techniques
    • Pros of team decision making
      Synergy (S. in general, may be defined as two or more things functioning together to produce a result not independently obtainable)
      1+1=3
    • Cons of team decision making
      It is very hard to get synergy in a team. There are lots of obstacles for that and the most serious one is the human factor.
      Reasons of inefficient team work (some of them)
      Lacking of openness usually due to low level of trust
      Low level of collaboration among team members, usually it is caused by undeveloped communications skills like active listening, asking good questions
    • Cons of team decision making
      Reasons of inefficient team work (some of them)
      Inadequate EGO which leads to fights inside the team and reduces safety level in it
      Impossibility to make a decision and choose the only option from many
      Lacking of information to make a decision
    • Decision making tools. Idea/Mind mapping
      A mind map is a diagram used to represent  words, ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and arranged around a central key word or idea. Mind maps are used to generate, visualize, structure, and classify ideas, and as an aid to studying and organizing information, solving problems, making decisions, and writing.
    • Decision making tools. Idea/Mind mapping
      Mind maps can be used for:
      problem solving
      outline/framework design
      anonymous collaboration
      individual expression of creativity
      team building or synergy creating activity
      Enhancing work morale(!)
    • Decision making tools. Ishikawa/Fishbone Diagram
      Ishikawa diagrams (also called fishbone diagrams, cause-and-effect diagrams or Fishikawa) are causal diagrams that show the causes of a certain event -- created by Kaoru Ishikawa (1990). Common uses of the Ishikawa diagram are product design and quality defect prevention, to identify potential factors causing an overall effect. Each cause or reason for imperfection is a source of variation.
    • Decision making tools. Affinity Diagram (KJ method)
      The affinity diagram is a business tool used to organize ideas and data. The tool is commonly used within project management and allows large numbers of ideas stemming from brainstorming to be sorted into groups for review and analysis.
    • Creativity techniques. Delphi technique
      Delphi may be characterized as a method for structuring a group communication process so that the process is effective in allowing a group of individuals, as a whole, to deal with a complex problem.
    • Creativity techniques. Delphi technique
      General Idea
      Anonymity of the participants
      The facilitator sends out questionnaires, surveys etc.
      Responses are collected and analyzed, and then common and conflicting viewpoints are identified.
      If consensus is not reached, the process continues through thesis and antithesis, to gradually work towards synthesis, and building consensus.
    • Creativity techniques. Delphi technique
      Can be used:
      More individuals are needed than can effectively interact in a face-to-face exchange
      Time and cost make frequent group meetings infeasible
      Disagreements among individuals are so severe or politically unpalatable
      that the communication process must be refereed and/or anonymity assured
      to avoid bandwagon effect, halo effect
    • the lyrical digression
      Halo effect http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halo_effect
      Bandwagon effect http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandwagon_effect
    • Creativity techniques. Delphi technique
      Let’s solve following problem:
      What is the best way to improve the Magento’s CE/EE quality?
    • Creativity techniques. Brainstorming
      Brainstorming is a technique for generating a large number of creative ideas with a group or team of people. It is based on the premise that ordinary discussions will not produce many creative ideas because we habitually place constraints and injunctions on our thinking for fear of how others will judge us.
    • Creativity techniques. Brainstorming
      General Idea
      Facilitator states the problem
      Then asks the team to generate their ideas, groups them
      When the team runs out of ideas – selects and evaluates them
      Rules of Brainstorm
      No idea too stupid
      Watch the clock
      Record your progress
      Quantity not quality
    • Creativity techniques. Brainstorming
      Let’s solve following problem:
      What is the best way to integrate a new employee to his new team?
    • Creativity techniques. Nominal Group technique
      Nominal group technique (NGT) is a structured method for group brainstorming that encourages contributions from everyone. NGT separates ideas from people.
    • Creativity techniques. Nominal Group technique
      General Idea:
      Facilitator states the subject of the brainstorming. Clarifyies the statement as needed until everyone understands it.
      Each team member silently thinks of and writes down as many ideas as possible in a set period of time (5 to 10 minutes).
      Each member in turn states aloud one idea. Facilitator records it on the flipchart.
    • Creativity techniques. Nominal Group technique
      General Idea:
      Discuss each idea in turn. Discussion may clarify meaning, explain logic or analysis, raise and answer questions, or state agreement or disagreement.
      Prioritize the ideas using multivoting or list reduction.
    • Creativity techniques. Nominal Group technique
      Can be used
      When some group members are much more vocal than others.
      When some group members think better in silence.
      When there is concern about some members not participating.
      When the group does not easily generate quantities of ideas.
      When all or some group members are new to the team.
    • Creativity techniques. Nominal Group technique
      Practice
        Let’s try to do NGT for ideas from previous tasks
    • The end.
      Questions ?
      eugene.veselov@magento.com
    • Literature
      • http://is.njit.edu/pubs/delphibook/
      • http://www.case.edu/artsci/engl/emmons/writing/assignments/Hyde_Brainstorm.pdf
      • http://www.mftrou.com/brainstorm-technique.html
      • http://www.knowledgeboard.com/item/2980
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ishikawa_diagram
      • http://www.pmhut.com/affinity-diagram-kawakita-jiro-or-kj-method
      • http://asq.org/learn-about-quality/idea-creation-tools/overview/nominal-group.html
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synergy
      • http://www.teambuildingportal.com/articles/team-failure
      • http://www.botexpert.com.ua/korner/korner_758.html
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandwagon_effect