Regional RangelandProgramme:Developing an integrated mechanismfor combating rangeland desertificationin Hindu Kush Himalay...
Outline• Background of Rangeland area of Hindu  Kush Himalayas• Regional Rangeland Programme (1995-  2012) of Internationa...
RANGELANDS IN THE HINDU KUSH-HIMALAYAS (HKH)       Over 60% of the territorial but       heterogeneous ecosystems are     ...
Regional RangelandProgramme (RRP): 1995-2012Goal  To help reduce and alleviate poverty among  rangeland dependent mountain...
RRP Sites
RRP: Phases & Activities
A Case Study from RuoergaiCounty, Upper Yellow River, ChinaIssues:1. With      the ever-increasing population of human bei...
Issues cont…2. The total degraded area of the county is  70%; the degraded grassland due to  overgrazing by livestock is 2...
Issues cont…3.The natural disasters occur frequently such  as heavy snow, frost, etc, causing mass  mortality of yak which...
Issues cont…  4. Rapid desertification of grassland
Approaches• Co-management of  Rangelands
ApproachesSuccess in sandy grassland managementin Maixi Township of Ruoergai County withthe support of rangeland co-manage...
Rangeland fencing
The desert and wetland restoration( 1 ) Grazing control, rodent and pest management( 2 ) Rehabilitation through planting o...
EffectEcological effect:The vegetation coverage in the project area increased by17.1%, vegetation height increased by 51.8...
Economic effectThe livestock slaughterrate increased by 1.2%,while the net income perperson increased morethan $30 annually.
Recommendations• Clear rangeland entitlements and responsibilities• Promote community participation to combat  degradation...
Thank you all..
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Ismail MUHAMMAD "Developing an integrated mechanism for combating rangeland desertification in Hindu Kush Himalayan region"

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Ismail MUHAMMAD "Developing an integrated mechanism for combating rangeland desertification in Hindu Kush Himalayan region"

  1. 1. Regional RangelandProgramme:Developing an integrated mechanismfor combating rangeland desertificationin Hindu Kush Himalayan region UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference Bonn 9-12th April 2013 Muhammad Ismail International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Kathmandu, Nepal
  2. 2. Outline• Background of Rangeland area of Hindu Kush Himalayas• Regional Rangeland Programme (1995- 2012) of International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development• Case study from China
  3. 3. RANGELANDS IN THE HINDU KUSH-HIMALAYAS (HKH) Over 60% of the territorial but heterogeneous ecosystems are rangelands which provide services for millions of wildlife and domestic animals These rangeland resources are of great ecological, economic and cultural values.
  4. 4. Regional RangelandProgramme (RRP): 1995-2012Goal To help reduce and alleviate poverty among rangeland dependent mountain people and to improve the productivity of rangeland ecosystems in the HKH region Initiated in 1995 and by 2012 completed its three phases Implemented in six countries
  5. 5. RRP Sites
  6. 6. RRP: Phases & Activities
  7. 7. A Case Study from RuoergaiCounty, Upper Yellow River, ChinaIssues:1. With the ever-increasing population of human being as well as of livestock, the grasslands are degraded because of overstocking of the grazing animals.
  8. 8. Issues cont…2. The total degraded area of the county is 70%; the degraded grassland due to overgrazing by livestock is 20%, while that by rodent is 50%.
  9. 9. Issues cont…3.The natural disasters occur frequently such as heavy snow, frost, etc, causing mass mortality of yak which bring huge economy loss to the herders.
  10. 10. Issues cont… 4. Rapid desertification of grassland
  11. 11. Approaches• Co-management of Rangelands
  12. 12. ApproachesSuccess in sandy grassland managementin Maixi Township of Ruoergai County withthe support of rangeland co-management
  13. 13. Rangeland fencing
  14. 14. The desert and wetland restoration( 1 ) Grazing control, rodent and pest management( 2 ) Rehabilitation through planting of trees, shrubs and grasses( 3 ) Closure of ditches, restoring the wetland. Investment criteria: $550-650 / ha.
  15. 15. EffectEcological effect:The vegetation coverage in the project area increased by17.1%, vegetation height increased by 51.8%, while the freshforage yield increased by 49.9%.Vegetation restorationeffectively enhanced the grassland soil and water conservation;windbreak and fixation ability plays a very important role incontrolling grassland degradation
  16. 16. Economic effectThe livestock slaughterrate increased by 1.2%,while the net income perperson increased morethan $30 annually.
  17. 17. Recommendations• Clear rangeland entitlements and responsibilities• Promote community participation to combat degradation and desertification• Encourage adaptive grazing management• Improve rangeland productivity• Identify alternative energy and livelihood options• Education, training and research on rangeland management• Co- management of rangelands for multiple purposes
  18. 18. Thank you all..

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