Ismail MUHAMMAD "Developing an integrated mechanism for combating rangeland desertification in Hindu Kush Himalayan region"
Regional RangelandProgramme:Developing an integrated mechanismfor combating rangeland desertificationin Hindu Kush Himalayan region UNCCD 2nd Scientific Conference Bonn 9-12th April 2013 Muhammad Ismail International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Kathmandu, Nepal
Outline• Background of Rangeland area of Hindu Kush Himalayas• Regional Rangeland Programme (1995- 2012) of International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development• Case study from China
RANGELANDS IN THE HINDU KUSH-HIMALAYAS (HKH) Over 60% of the territorial but heterogeneous ecosystems are rangelands which provide services for millions of wildlife and domestic animals These rangeland resources are of great ecological, economic and cultural values.
Regional RangelandProgramme (RRP): 1995-2012Goal To help reduce and alleviate poverty among rangeland dependent mountain people and to improve the productivity of rangeland ecosystems in the HKH region Initiated in 1995 and by 2012 completed its three phases Implemented in six countries
A Case Study from RuoergaiCounty, Upper Yellow River, ChinaIssues:1. With the ever-increasing population of human being as well as of livestock, the grasslands are degraded because of overstocking of the grazing animals.
Issues cont…2. The total degraded area of the county is 70%; the degraded grassland due to overgrazing by livestock is 20%, while that by rodent is 50%.
Issues cont…3.The natural disasters occur frequently such as heavy snow, frost, etc, causing mass mortality of yak which bring huge economy loss to the herders.
Issues cont… 4. Rapid desertification of grassland
The desert and wetland restoration（ 1 ） Grazing control, rodent and pest management（ 2 ） Rehabilitation through planting of trees, shrubs and grasses（ 3 ） Closure of ditches, restoring the wetland. Investment criteria: $550-650 / ha.
EffectEcological effect:The vegetation coverage in the project area increased by17.1%, vegetation height increased by 51.8%, while the freshforage yield increased by 49.9%.Vegetation restorationeffectively enhanced the grassland soil and water conservation;windbreak and fixation ability plays a very important role incontrolling grassland degradation
Economic effectThe livestock slaughterrate increased by 1.2%,while the net income perperson increased morethan $30 annually.
Recommendations• Clear rangeland entitlements and responsibilities• Promote community participation to combat degradation and desertification• Encourage adaptive grazing management• Improve rangeland productivity• Identify alternative energy and livelihood options• Education, training and research on rangeland management• Co- management of rangelands for multiple purposes