SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 21
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Disaster Risk Perception
in Cameroon:
Implications for Rehabilitation of
Lake Nyos Disaster (LND)
Survivors
Dr Henry Bang and Professor Lee Miles
Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, UK
1
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
2
Presentation Outline
 Occurrence of natural hazards in Cameroon
 The Lake Nyos Disaster
 Research Enquiry and Strategy
 Main Findings
 Implications for Rehabilitation
 Conclusion
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Cameroon’s Vulnerability
to Natural Hazards
Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL)
3
Mount Cameroon
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Natural Hazards on the Cameroon
Volcanic Line
•Volcanic eruptions
•Earthquakes
•Floods
•Landslides
•Toxic gas emissions
4
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Lake Nyos Disaster-1986
Map of Cameroon’s 10 administrative Regions
5
Beautiful but deadly Lake Nyos
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Lake Nyos Disaster (LND)-1986
 Cause of the LND
• Release of poisonous
gases from Lake Nyos.
 Impact of LND
• 1,746 people died.
• 8,300 livestock died.
• Affected about
20,000 people.
• Displaced about
4,500 people.
6
Location of villages/area
affected by the LND
Thousands of cattle died during the LND Thousands of cattle died during the LND
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resettlement of Disaster Survivors
 Resettlement
Camps
• Ukpwa Waindo
• Kumfutu
• Ipalim
• Yemnge
• Esu
• Kimbi river
• Bwabwa
7
Banja●
●KoskinMunken●
●Kong▓ Esu
●Zoa
●Fang
Mbuk● ● Ngong
●
Fonfukka
●Laa-BumSubum●
●Konene
●Su
●Nchang
●Ajung
●Oku
●Laikom
Fundong ●
● Meli
● Ntemkissu
●
Mme-Bafumen
●Mbulom
Lake Nyi
LAKE NYOS
Nyos●
Kuk●
●Bu
●Koaw
▓ Yemnge
Kam
●
Cha
●
To
●
Kumfutu▓
▓ Kimbi River
▓ Bwabwa
Ukpwa▓
Lake
Wum
Ipalim▓
Wum █
N
Location of resettlement camps for LND survivors
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Research Enquiry
 Aim/Objectives
• To understand how affected population have & will
respond to disaster mitigation & preparedness
measures.
• To understand the level of threat they perceive Lake Nyos
still poses, how they have responded and intend to respond
to any disaster mitigation measures in future.
 Key Question:
• How do the survivors perceive ongoing risks, are
responding to, and intend to respond to DRR and/or DM
measures in future?
8
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
 Case study populations
•Lake Nyos disaster survivors living in resettlement camps.
Research Strategy
9
•Lake Nyos disaster who have relocated back to the disaster zone
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
10
 Mixed method design (Qualitative and Quantitative)
• Empirical data generated via fieldwork in Cameroon.
• 25 interviews and 100 questionnaires administered.
• Secondary information obtained from various sources.
• Personal observation and interaction with survivors.
Research Strategy cont.
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Purpose was evaluation of:
• Willingness to follow government orders
instructions.
• Experience and/or knowledge of natural hazards.
• Expected behaviours in response to future risks.
• Opinion on contemporary risks.
• Relocation behaviours.
Research Strategy cont.
11
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Main Findings
 Disaster survivors’ expressed perception of risk:
• Over 75% of respondents believed LND was a ‘one
off’ incident.
• Respondents believed the LND could not have been
prevented.
• Disaster survivors (92%) are sceptical about official
government communications about that LND.
12
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
 Risk information and communication:
• Survivors receive risk information from various sources,
official and private sources via the media and also verbally.
• Sparse, inadequate and intermittent flow of information.
• Dominant one-way persuasive communication from the
government to disaster survivors.
• 92% of the survivors do not trust government’s information
that the LND was a natural event.
Main Findings cont.
13
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Main Findings cont.
 Disaster survivors’ revealed perception of risk:
• A few hundred people have relocated back to the disaster
zone either permanently or temporarily.
• Migration into the area was predominantly for cultural
and livelihood purposes.
• General belief that the benefits of making a living in the
disaster zone outweighed the risks.
14
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Main Findings cont.
 Willingness to follow government orders:
• Conditional, Temporary, Disobedience & Unconditional
Conditional Temporary Disobey Unconditionally
LND survivors in resettlement camp 28% 36% 16% 20%
LND survivors relocated to disaster zone 5% 35% 50% 10%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
%ofcasestudygroup
15
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Implications for Rehabilitation
 Plan for rehabilitation of Lake Nyos area:
• In 2007, the government initiated a “National Programme for the
security and socio-economic reintegration of the Lake Nyos
Area Cameroon”.
• In 2008, the government launched the Lake Nyos
Programme, as precursor to the national project.
o Key objectives were to:
 Ensure the security and safety of the region.
 Improve the socio-economic conditions of disaster survivors.
16
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Implications for Rehabilitation cont.
 Evaluation of the LNP, main findings
• Significant improvement in physical risk mitigation of LN.
• Population have been sensitized on a variety of issues.
 Evaluation report recommendations to the government.
• Carryout a demographic census in the area.
• Institute projects for land acquisition rights in the area.
• Renovate camps and provide electricity and portable water.
• Build schools and promote agriculture in the region.
• Maintain and construct roads in the region.
17
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
 Is the national project or final rehabilitation soon to start?
• In January 2016, the government announced that the LND
survivors will soon be finally resettled back to their home land.
o According to the “The Cameroon Daily Journal of 7th January,
2016” 100 millions CFA frs (≈ $172,000) from Region’s 32 billion
will be used to resettle LND victims. No further details provided.
 Contemporary situation in the Lake Nyos Region
• The recommended socio-economic development projects in the
region have not been implemented.
• 100 million CFA not enough to implement recommended project.
18
Implications for Rehabilitation cont.
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
 Potential challenges to the success of the rehabilitation
project:
• Ensuring the region has adequate socio-economic facilities.
• Management of land ownership rights in the region.
• Rebuilding trust in government.
• Establishing continued two-way communication between the
government and disaster affected population.
• To ensure the disaster affected population are involved in
every stage of the rehabilitation program.
Implications for Rehabilitation cont.
19
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
 Successful rehabilitation requires government
to implement key activities in the region including, but
not limited to, the following:
• Ensure the region has basic socio-economic facilities.
• Adequate framework for land ownership rights.
• Appropriate, continuous education and confidence-building
projects that involve elites and community leaders.
• Adequate training of disaster managers, administrators & all
involved in the implementation of the programme.
20
Conclusion
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
21
EN
D
hbang@bournemouth.ac.uk lmiles@bournemouth.ac.uk
Thanks for your attention..

More Related Content

What's hot

Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Tools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDL
Tools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDLTools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDL
Tools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDLGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYAGas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
C&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLA
C&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLAC&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLA
C&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...
Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...
Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...
Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...
Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...
Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...
Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIERSeismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
EXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITA
EXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITAEXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITA
EXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEITehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEIGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...
Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...
Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

What's hot (20)

Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
Dynamic Risk Map (DRM) for Enhancing Risk Assessment of Construction Projects...
 
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
Integrative Risk Assessment and Management for Recycled Water Schemes an Aust...
 
Tools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDL
Tools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDLTools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDL
Tools for Assessment and Mapping of Natural Hazard Risks, Michael BRUENDL
 
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
Seismic Fragility of Equipment and Support Structure in a Unit of an Oil Comp...
 
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
Post-Earthquake Disaster Management and Structural Assessments, Mr Nirvan KAS...
 
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYAGas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
Gas Flaring, Climate Change and the Nigeria Case, Obafemi A.P OLUKOYA
 
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
Counterterrorism Hospitals Preparedness and Response, An Italian Pilot Projec...
 
C&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLA
C&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLAC&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLA
C&A Save the Children Urban DRR Project, Ray KANCHARLA
 
Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...
Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...
Stress Tests for Critical Transport Infrastructure due to Natural Hazards a C...
 
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
Using Social Media and Digital Volunteers for Building Cross-border Disaster ...
 
Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...
Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...
Save Yourself - Predicting Whether Communities Will be Able to Prepare Themse...
 
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
Positive Experiences in Improving the Ecosystem Services of Cities in China a...
 
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
The Relocation Challenges in Coastal Urban Centers Options and Limitations, A...
 
Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...
Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...
Use of Catastrophe Modelling Data to Help Earthquake Risk Assessment for Deve...
 
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...Institutionalizing the  Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
Institutionalizing the Application of Latest DRR Technologies for the Public...
 
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
Analysis of Long-term Variations of Wind Speed and Haze in Beijing-Tianjin-He...
 
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIERSeismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
Seismic Performance Risk Assessment of a Chilean Hospital, Philomene FAVIER
 
EXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITA
EXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITAEXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITA
EXPO 2015 The Italian Experience, Alessandra ROSSODIVITA
 
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEITehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
Tehran Flood Risk Reduction Master Plan, Maryamsadat SHARIFVAGHEEI
 
Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...
Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...
Can UK Water Service Providers Manage Risk and Resilience as Part of a Multi-...
 

Viewers also liked

The way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITO
The way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITOThe way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITO
The way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITOGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...
Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...
Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDACapacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANOGlobal Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANOGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...
Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...
Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
IDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best Movie
IDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best MovieIDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best Movie
IDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best MovieGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Three Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGER
Three Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGERThree Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGER
Three Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...
Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...
Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGERArchitecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGERGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian DohertyDisaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian DohertyGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Global Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUN
Global Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUNGlobal Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUN
Global Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUNGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

Viewers also liked (20)

The way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITO
The way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITOThe way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITO
The way forward - Announcing IDRC Japan 2017, Yukimoto ITO
 
Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...
Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...
Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, J...
 
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
Systematic Knowledge Sharing of Natural Hazard Damages in Public-private Part...
 
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
Consequences of the Armed Conflict as a Stressor of Climate Change in Colombi...
 
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDACapacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
Capacity Development for DRR, Beatrice PROGIDA
 
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
Making Hard Choices An Analysis of Settlement Choices and Willingness to Retu...
 
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANOGlobal Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
Global Alliance of Disaster Research Institutes - Hirokazu TATANO
 
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
Training and awareness raising in Critical Infrastructure Protection & Resili...
 
Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...
Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...
Fostering Urban Resilience Through Innovative Transdisciplinary Partnerships ...
 
IDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best Movie
IDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best MovieIDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best Movie
IDRC 2016 AWARDS - Best Posters and Best Movie
 
Three Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGER
Three Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGERThree Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGER
Three Dilemmas of the Resilient City, Charles W. STEGER
 
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
Study on the Impact of Economic Growth on Meteorological Disaster Losses in C...
 
Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...
Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...
Mobile Satellite Communications - Disaster and Crisis Management, Ashok Kumar...
 
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGERArchitecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
Architecture as a Catalyst for Sustainable Development, Anna HERINGER
 
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
A Holistic Approach Towards International Disaster Resilient Architecture by ...
 
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
Exploring the Effectiveness of Humanitarian NGO-Private Sector Collaborations...
 
Announcing the Risk Award 2017, Thomas LOSTER
Announcing the Risk Award 2017, Thomas LOSTERAnnouncing the Risk Award 2017, Thomas LOSTER
Announcing the Risk Award 2017, Thomas LOSTER
 
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian DohertyDisaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre, Brian Doherty
 
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone ...
 
Global Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUN
Global Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUNGlobal Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUN
Global Environmental Risk and its Governance Consilience Mode, Shi PEIJUN
 

Similar to Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitation of the Lake Nyos Disaster Survivors, Henry BANG

Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...
Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...
Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...
Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...
Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...
Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...
Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira
90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira
90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in GuajiraGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...
Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...
Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...
Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...
Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...
Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...
Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMASocial Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMAGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...
The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...
The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

Similar to Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitation of the Lake Nyos Disaster Survivors, Henry BANG (19)

Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
Exploring Vulnerability of Low Income People due to Consecutive Disasters A C...
 
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
Governing Risk Reduction in the Built Environment the Case of Victoria, Austr...
 
Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...
Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...
Advancing Coordination Between DRM and CCA in Integrated Flood Risk Managemen...
 
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
Disasters and Long Term Economic Sustainability A Perspective on Sierra Leone...
 
Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...
Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...
Risk Reduction or Redistribution and Exacerbation, An Exploration of Barriers...
 
Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...
Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...
Disaster Management Awareness Program in Medical Schools in Nepal An Inclusiv...
 
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
A Multi-objective Goal Programming Approach for Locating Emergency Shelters u...
 
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
Adapting Mass Casualty Response In An Era Of Increased Active Shooter Inciden...
 
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
Nuu-chah-nulth Knowledge and Disaster Resilient Indigenous Communities, Emily...
 
90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira
90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira
90_The Fight of the Wayuu Ethnic Community against the Drought in Guajira
 
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
Disaster risk reduction and nursing - human science research the view of surv...
 
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
Disaster Risk Reduction and Nursing - Human Science research the view of surv...
 
Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...
Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...
Linkages in Disasters A Perspective on Migrants Inclusivity in Disaster Risk ...
 
Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...
Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...
Critical Infrastructure, Panarchies and the Vulnerability Paths of Cascading ...
 
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
Implications of Cascading Effects for the EU Floods Directive, Gianluca PESCA...
 
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
Community Based Early Warning System for Landslides The Case of Four Gramanil...
 
Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...
Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...
Suggestion from the Elderly Person Facilities at the 2011 Great East Japan Ea...
 
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMASocial Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
Social Capital and Disaster Resilience A Canadian Case Study, Niru NIRUPAMA
 
The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...
The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...
The Experience for a Metropolis to bring Resilience to Every City Barcelona, ...
 

More from Global Risk Forum GRFDavos

Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...
Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...
Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINSPublic Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINSGlobal Risk Forum GRFDavos
 

More from Global Risk Forum GRFDavos (11)

Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
Global alliance of disaster research institutes (GADRI) discussion session, A...
 
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
Towards a safe, secure and sustainable energy supply the role of resilience i...
 
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
IDRC Davos 2016 - Workshop Awareness Raising, Education and Training - Capaci...
 
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
Study on Probability Distribution of Disaster Losses, Demographics and Social...
 
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
Where and What Kind of Weather Insurance Indexes Could be Potentially Used fo...
 
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
Creating New Hybrid Products for Adapting the Insurance Mechanism to Drive Re...
 
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
Integrated Finanical Risk Transfer Mechanisms for Urban Resilience, Sandra SC...
 
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
 
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
Resilient Cities, SMEs, Communities and Infrastructure Four Pioneering Projec...
 
Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...
Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...
Impact of a Collective Action in a Disaster-affected Community to Site a Temp...
 
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINSPublic Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
Public Cyclone Shelters in Queensland, Australia, Peter James MULLINS
 

Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon and its Implications for the Rehabilitation of the Lake Nyos Disaster Survivors, Henry BANG

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Disaster Risk Perception in Cameroon: Implications for Rehabilitation of Lake Nyos Disaster (LND) Survivors Dr Henry Bang and Professor Lee Miles Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, UK 1
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 2 Presentation Outline  Occurrence of natural hazards in Cameroon  The Lake Nyos Disaster  Research Enquiry and Strategy  Main Findings  Implications for Rehabilitation  Conclusion
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Cameroon’s Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL) 3 Mount Cameroon
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Natural Hazards on the Cameroon Volcanic Line •Volcanic eruptions •Earthquakes •Floods •Landslides •Toxic gas emissions 4
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Lake Nyos Disaster-1986 Map of Cameroon’s 10 administrative Regions 5 Beautiful but deadly Lake Nyos
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Lake Nyos Disaster (LND)-1986  Cause of the LND • Release of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos.  Impact of LND • 1,746 people died. • 8,300 livestock died. • Affected about 20,000 people. • Displaced about 4,500 people. 6 Location of villages/area affected by the LND Thousands of cattle died during the LND Thousands of cattle died during the LND
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resettlement of Disaster Survivors  Resettlement Camps • Ukpwa Waindo • Kumfutu • Ipalim • Yemnge • Esu • Kimbi river • Bwabwa 7 Banja● ●KoskinMunken● ●Kong▓ Esu ●Zoa ●Fang Mbuk● ● Ngong ● Fonfukka ●Laa-BumSubum● ●Konene ●Su ●Nchang ●Ajung ●Oku ●Laikom Fundong ● ● Meli ● Ntemkissu ● Mme-Bafumen ●Mbulom Lake Nyi LAKE NYOS Nyos● Kuk● ●Bu ●Koaw ▓ Yemnge Kam ● Cha ● To ● Kumfutu▓ ▓ Kimbi River ▓ Bwabwa Ukpwa▓ Lake Wum Ipalim▓ Wum █ N Location of resettlement camps for LND survivors
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Research Enquiry  Aim/Objectives • To understand how affected population have & will respond to disaster mitigation & preparedness measures. • To understand the level of threat they perceive Lake Nyos still poses, how they have responded and intend to respond to any disaster mitigation measures in future.  Key Question: • How do the survivors perceive ongoing risks, are responding to, and intend to respond to DRR and/or DM measures in future? 8
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org  Case study populations •Lake Nyos disaster survivors living in resettlement camps. Research Strategy 9 •Lake Nyos disaster who have relocated back to the disaster zone
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 10  Mixed method design (Qualitative and Quantitative) • Empirical data generated via fieldwork in Cameroon. • 25 interviews and 100 questionnaires administered. • Secondary information obtained from various sources. • Personal observation and interaction with survivors. Research Strategy cont.
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Purpose was evaluation of: • Willingness to follow government orders instructions. • Experience and/or knowledge of natural hazards. • Expected behaviours in response to future risks. • Opinion on contemporary risks. • Relocation behaviours. Research Strategy cont. 11
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Main Findings  Disaster survivors’ expressed perception of risk: • Over 75% of respondents believed LND was a ‘one off’ incident. • Respondents believed the LND could not have been prevented. • Disaster survivors (92%) are sceptical about official government communications about that LND. 12
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org  Risk information and communication: • Survivors receive risk information from various sources, official and private sources via the media and also verbally. • Sparse, inadequate and intermittent flow of information. • Dominant one-way persuasive communication from the government to disaster survivors. • 92% of the survivors do not trust government’s information that the LND was a natural event. Main Findings cont. 13
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Main Findings cont.  Disaster survivors’ revealed perception of risk: • A few hundred people have relocated back to the disaster zone either permanently or temporarily. • Migration into the area was predominantly for cultural and livelihood purposes. • General belief that the benefits of making a living in the disaster zone outweighed the risks. 14
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Main Findings cont.  Willingness to follow government orders: • Conditional, Temporary, Disobedience & Unconditional Conditional Temporary Disobey Unconditionally LND survivors in resettlement camp 28% 36% 16% 20% LND survivors relocated to disaster zone 5% 35% 50% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% %ofcasestudygroup 15
  • 16. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Implications for Rehabilitation  Plan for rehabilitation of Lake Nyos area: • In 2007, the government initiated a “National Programme for the security and socio-economic reintegration of the Lake Nyos Area Cameroon”. • In 2008, the government launched the Lake Nyos Programme, as precursor to the national project. o Key objectives were to:  Ensure the security and safety of the region.  Improve the socio-economic conditions of disaster survivors. 16
  • 17. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Implications for Rehabilitation cont.  Evaluation of the LNP, main findings • Significant improvement in physical risk mitigation of LN. • Population have been sensitized on a variety of issues.  Evaluation report recommendations to the government. • Carryout a demographic census in the area. • Institute projects for land acquisition rights in the area. • Renovate camps and provide electricity and portable water. • Build schools and promote agriculture in the region. • Maintain and construct roads in the region. 17
  • 18. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org  Is the national project or final rehabilitation soon to start? • In January 2016, the government announced that the LND survivors will soon be finally resettled back to their home land. o According to the “The Cameroon Daily Journal of 7th January, 2016” 100 millions CFA frs (≈ $172,000) from Region’s 32 billion will be used to resettle LND victims. No further details provided.  Contemporary situation in the Lake Nyos Region • The recommended socio-economic development projects in the region have not been implemented. • 100 million CFA not enough to implement recommended project. 18 Implications for Rehabilitation cont.
  • 19. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org  Potential challenges to the success of the rehabilitation project: • Ensuring the region has adequate socio-economic facilities. • Management of land ownership rights in the region. • Rebuilding trust in government. • Establishing continued two-way communication between the government and disaster affected population. • To ensure the disaster affected population are involved in every stage of the rehabilitation program. Implications for Rehabilitation cont. 19
  • 20. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org  Successful rehabilitation requires government to implement key activities in the region including, but not limited to, the following: • Ensure the region has basic socio-economic facilities. • Adequate framework for land ownership rights. • Appropriate, continuous education and confidence-building projects that involve elites and community leaders. • Adequate training of disaster managers, administrators & all involved in the implementation of the programme. 20 Conclusion
  • 21. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org 21 EN D hbang@bournemouth.ac.uk lmiles@bournemouth.ac.uk Thanks for your attention..

Editor's Notes

  1. Cameroon is prone to natural hazards mainly due to a geologic/topographic feature in the country known as the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL)(Fitton, 1987; Suh et al., 2003). The CVL is exposed in both the oceanic sector (Pagalu, Sao Tome, Principe, and Bioko) and continental sector(extending from Mt. Etinde, Mt. Cameroon, Manengouba, Bambouto, Oku to Lake Chad)(figure 2). On this edifice, there is frequent occurrence of landslides, floods, earth tremors,toxic gas emissions (as happened in 1984 and 1986 in Lake Monoum and Lake Nyos respectively) and frequent volcanic eruptions. Located on the CVL, is Mt. Cameroon/Fako, the largest,most active and one of the most famous volcanoes in West and Central Africa (Kling et al., 1987; Duruelle et al., 1987; Fitton, 1987; Freeth and Kay, 1987; Ayonghe et al., 1999; Bang, 2012, 2013). The CVL is a 1,600km long NE-SW alignment/chain of volcanoes that cuts across the country.
  2. CRATER LAKE Formed about 400years ago Elevation=1,091 m (3,580 ft) Surface area 1.58 Km2 (390 acres) Max. length 2.0  Km2 (1.2 miles) Max. width 1.2 km (0.75 mi) Max. depth 208 m (680 ft) Water volume 0.15 Km2 (120,000 acre·ft
  3. 8
  4. After the LND, 4,500 disaster survivors were resettled in the camps. By 2013, this population has risen to around 12,000 (Median Newspaper, 2014). Related research findings have shown that the DS have been made poorer due to resettlement.: Access to Land Limited Job opportunities Homelessness, Housing conditions Increased morbidity and mortality Food insecurity Loss of access to common property Social disarticulation Disrupted social and religious practices Increase in criminality
  5. 12
  6. 13
  7. 14
  8. 15
  9. 16
  10. 17
  11. 18