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UTANRMP_Presentation to learning route on Natural Resource Management July 2014


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The Learning Route on Natural Resource Management and Climate Change Adaptation best practices, the experience in Kenya; took place between the 6-13 July 2014 in several counties in Kenya.

The objective of this learning route is to scale up through peer to peer learning the Kenyan best multi stakeholders' strategies, tools and practices to fight environmental degradation and to adapt to climate change with the aim of improving the livelihoods of people living in affected communities.

The learning Route has been developed by International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) CARE (relief agency) in Kenya and the Cgiar Research Program on Climate Change & Food Security, in partnership with Procasur Africa.

Here we have an overview of the presentation shared with us from our first of the three host case studies that were visited:

Case 1: Mount Kenya East Pilot Project (MKEPP), the Upper Tana Natural Resource Manangement Project (UTANRMP)

Published in: Environment
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UTANRMP_Presentation to learning route on Natural Resource Management July 2014

  2. 2.  UTaNRMP is an up-scaling of MKEPP (Piloted in 5 river basins, Forest Reserve and National Park) ;2004-2012.  The design was from Oct 2010 (concept note) to May 2012 when loan was signed  Project duration is 8 years (2012-020).
  3. 3.  The government has an elaborate policy on water catchment management of the five water towers-Mt.Kenya, Aberdares, Mau,Mt.Elgon and Cherangani as spelt out in National development blue i.e. Vision 2030.  Mt. Kenya contributes 49% of flow of river Tana while the Aberdares contributes 44% and 7% from others; The river supports key socio- economic activities;  The project area constitutes 25% of gazetted forest area in Kenya;
  4. 4.  92% of water supply to Nairobi City is from the catchment i.e. from Sasumua and Ndakaini dams.  Kerugoya sub-region contributes greatly to food production particularly irrigated rice farming in Mwea irrigation scheme.  Biodiversity conservation (eg Mt. Kenya National Park and the Forest Reserve were listed as World Heritage Sites in 1997). The area has flora and fauna of national and international importance.
  5. 5.  Poor farming practices including Soil and Water conservation  Catchment degradation-Poor River-line Protection, roadsides, wetlands, springs, hilltops, forests, pollution, low tree cover on farm, inter basin water transfers  Poor water use technologies- irrigation technologies  Over subdivision of land due to Population pressure
  6. 6.  Poor awareness on Environmental Governance  Human wildlife conflicts  Inadequate Hotspots management-communal lands  Conflicting NRM policies and laws
  7. 7. Sabasaba River Downstream (Note the silt)
  8. 8.  UTaNRMP is an integrated project where community involvement is a pre-requisite  The Goal is to “contribute to reduction of rural poverty in the upper Tana river catchment”  Development Objectives: i. Increase sustainable food production and incomes for poor rural house holds. ii. Sustainable use and Management of Natural Resources (land, water, biodiversity) for provision of environmental services.
  9. 9.  The project aims at poverty reduction targeting about 205,000 households (1,025,000 people) whose livelihoods revolve around the use of the natural resources of Upper Tana catchment. (smallholder crop and livestock farmers, agro- pastoralists, fishers, rural traders, and community groups involved in natural resources management (NRM) and income generating activities). Special focus is on women and youth as well as other vulnerable groups within the above categories:
  10. 10.  The project area covers six (6) counties (Embu, Meru, Tharaka-Nithi, Kirinyaga, Murang'a and Nyeri) in the Mt. Kenya and Aberdares water towers including the national parks and surrounding forest reserves  The project is in the following river basins; tributaries of 5 MKEPP river basins (5); Initial 12 High Priority River Basins- Maragua, Murubara, Nairobi, Ragati, Rujiweru, Rupingazi, Saba Saba, Thangatha, Thanantu, Thiba, Thika/Sasumua, Thingithu; and other 12 river basins; Amboni/ Muringato, Iraru, Kayahwe, Lower Chania, Mara, Mariara, Mathioya, Nyamindi, Ruguti, Rwamuthambi, Sagana and Ura)
  11. 11. 1.Community Empowerment 2. Sustainable Water and Natural Resources Management 3. Sustainable Rural Livelihoods 4. Project Management and Coordination
  12. 12. PROJECT FUNDING (USD ) Source USD (Millions) % Contribution IFAD Loan 33 48 Spanish Trust Fund 17 25 GoK 11.344 16 Community 7.501 11 Total 68.845 100
  13. 13. 1) Participatory & Integrated Approach (Participatory Planning and implementation with stakeholders especially the communities for ownership and sustainability)-  PRA; WDC; PFM; FFS; EXTENSION SERVICE PROVISION; PPP. 2) Youth and Children participation;  School Greening Programme  Youth groups 3) Common Interest Groups (CIGs) 4) Gender focus
  14. 14. Implementation Approach 5. Targeting  Delineation of operation areas: Use of Focal Development Area Approach (FDA); The FDAs have 800-1200HH.  Ecosystem Approaches irrespective of Administrative area  River basin management approach 6. Extension approaches :To disseminate new technologies and reach out to more farmers which includes: demonstrations, on-farm trials , study tours/, exchange visits, on -site training /residential trainings and farmer to farmer training.
  15. 15.  Government ministries/Agencies  County governments  Community Groups-WRUA’s, CFA’s, CIG’s,  Private Service providers  Schools  Faith based organizations  NGO’s  Research organizations-Local, Regional and also international  Development partners-IFAD, Spanish Trust Fund
  16. 16.  Awareness and sensitization meetings to create interest and to prepare communities for activity planning, implementation, M&E  Training of officers on PRA skills and group dynamics  Delineation of FDAs-Conducting of Aprox.240 PRAs that culminate in development of Community Action Plans  Training of CBO/CIGs/PMCs on management, governance and sustainability skills + study tours
  17. 17.  Initiation and capacity building of WRUAs- training and development Sub- catchment Management Plans -SCMPs  implementation of SCMPs.  Community water development – Dams, springs, boreholes, shallow wells, water storage, improvement of water infrastructures.  Water –saving irrigation technologies  Remedial works of hotspots.  Water quality monitoring
  18. 18.  Development of Participatory forest Management Plans and capacity building of Community Forest Associations  Implementation of PFMP’s  Soil and Water conservation activities-eg on Farms, Community Tree nurseries  Hotspots conservation-hilltops, Riverbanks, Wetlands, springs, road embankments,  School Greening Programme  Energy Saving technology- e.g. jikos, solar, biogas, wind
  19. 19.  Efficient Charcoal producing kilns  Reduction of Human/Wildlife Conflicts  Environmental awards scheme  Capacity Building-Institutions and Communities
  20. 20.  Adaptive research and demonstrations o on farm trials and demonstrations o Soil fertility o Seed multiplication  Adoption of income generating activities through CIG’s  Extension services  Market linkages  Access to financial services
  21. 21.  Activity coordination- PSC, CPCC, CPFT, Supervision missions, staffing issues  Finance  Procurement  Monitoring and Evaluation  Knowledge management  Audit
  22. 22.  ALL ACTIVITIES MUST BE TIED TO A PLAN  WRUA’s, CFA’s will be funded through PCT to develop SCMP and PFMP’s respectively  WRUA’s and CFA’s will be funded through WSTF to implement their plans upon writing proposals- evaluated by an independent oversight agency  CIG’s will be funded through PCT upon successful proposals derived from Community Action Plans- evaluated by an independent oversight agency  NB: Project has already developed requirements/criteria and manuals to guide the two processes
  23. 23.  A few activities will be funded through respective government agencies with funds from PCT- eg environmental surveys, rehabilitation of hotspots, civil works, Wildlife control barriers, school greening programme
  24. 24. Food security Conserved Environment. Wealthy Kenyans
  25. 25. Thank you for listening!