Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Forestry and landscapes: Solutions for sustainable development


Published on

Presented by Peter Holmgren, CIFOR's Director General, at the Bogor Agricultural Institute (Institut Pertanian Bogor or IPB), Indonesia, on February 17, 2017. Part of the IPB Talks series.

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Forestry and landscapes: Solutions for sustainable development

  1. 1. Forestry and Landscapes Solutions for Sustainable Development Peter Holmgren Director General, CIFOR Bogor, 17 February 2017
  2. 2. Past and projected (wanted) trends 0 50 100 150 200 250 GDP/capita Food production CO2 emissions NOT food insecure Food price Food insecure
  3. 3. Forests. What is the problem? Real-world issues? or the way we frame problems and engineer ”solutions”?
  4. 4. Framing exercise 1
  5. 5. Prob- lem 100 Mt/d GHG emissions – Major Problem 1,500 Mt/d GPP from photosynthesis – Major Opportunity! Opportunity! Framing exercise 2
  6. 6. This is not only a chain saw. It is also a value-chain saw. Framing exercise 3
  7. 7. FIRES IN INDONESIA 2015 • Add picture of kalimantan here (irresistible news) Framing exercise 4
  8. 8. NORTHERN HEADLINES WERE OFTEN ABOUT CO2 EMISSIONS AND HABITATS • How Indonesia's Fires Made it the Biggest Climate Polluter (Bloomberg 29 Oct) • Southeast Asia's haze crisis: A 'crime against humanity’ (CNN 29 Oct) • How to Save Indonesia’s Forests (NYT 23 Oct) • Indonesian forest fires on track to emit more CO2 than UK (The Guardian 7 Oct) • South East Asia haze: Orangutans at risk in Indonesia fires (BBC 19 Oct) • Indonesia- Massive Fires and Carbon Emissions (Canada Free Press (19 Jan) • Haze threatens Singapore Formula 1 race (BBC 16 Sep) • With Latest Fires Crisis, Indonesia Surpasses Russia as World’s Fourth- Largest Emitter (WRI 29 Oct) • Indonesia’s Fire Outbreaks Producing More Daily Emissions than Entire US Economy (WRI 16 Oct)
  10. 10. THE NORTHERN EMISSION FOCUS IS ETHICALLY QUESTIONABLE  2.6 million ha of land burnt and $15-30 billions of economic losses  43 million people exposed to haze  ½ million victims of acute respiratory infections  19 people reported dead  Estimated 100,000 premature deaths
  11. 11. Bad Godesberg Rhine valley, Germany ca 1800 – 2016 Think long-term. Framing exercise 5
  12. 12. The new global assessments and the forest Like the blind men, global forest assessments fail to provide a unified picture Framing exercise 6
  13. 13. Despite the political attention on deforestation over past decades - this is the sharpest global picture in official statistics. - and it isn’t even deforestation!
  14. 14. Selected problem-oriented framings that can be problematic 1. The Environment-Problem-Corner preference 2. North-Knows-Best 3. Top-down, Global-Overriding-Local 4. Sector silos and dichotomization 5. Silver bullet short-term approaches 6. False sense of knowing (cf post-truth)
  15. 15. Alternative framings. Opportunities.
  17. 17. But… There is a risk that also the SDGs are boxed-in
  18. 18. Redefining Forestry: Fundamentals for achieving the SDG’s from CIFOR/Daju Resosudarmo’s presentation to UNGA Feb 2014  Food, nutrition and health  Water  Energy  Housing  Livelihoods and employment  Climate change adaptation and mitigation  Biodiversity conservation  Resilience and safety nets  To environmental and economic external shocks
  19. 19. CIFOR Strategy 2016-2025 aligned with all 17 SDGs
  21. 21. BROADENING THE FRAME: LANDSCAPES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Sustainable landscapes are fundamental for our future Sector and institution fragmentation hinder us from finding good landscape solutions A generic landscape framework can provide leverage for scaling up sustainable development We must embrace and appreciate local ownership and diversity in priorities and solutions Forestry should be addressed and applied in this context – this is a challenge for current institutions (cf SDG17)
  22. 22. The Landscape Approach – integrated solutions for people across sectors “Despite some barriers to implementation, a landscape approach has considerable potential to meet social and environmental objectives at local scales while aiding national commitments to addressing ongoing global challenges.” Reed et al. 2016, Global Change Biology.
  23. 23. So, complex framing of forests. How can we then effectively measure success? without - as usual - complicating things too much.
  24. 24. My list – Forest progress measures 1. Amount of biomass in forests (or better – landscapes) 2. Value of primary forest products (marketed and not) 3. Number of legal conflicts over forest resources If these three are all stable or improving, we have a good-enough confirmation that forests increasingly contribute to sustainable development.
  25. 25. CIFOR WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1993 - AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION WITH A GLOBAL REACH • Center without walls • Landscapes without boundaries • SDG’s without silos