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Involving the mining sector in
achieving Land Degradation
Neutrality
Simone Quatrini, Ralf Barkemeyer, Lindsay Stringer
land degradation
ALWAYS VERY SEVERE CONSEQUENCES
VERY DIFFERENT CAUSES … DEPENDING ON VERY LOCAL CONTEXTS
More than 25% of the world’s land area
undergoing degradation in the last two decades
Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN)
“a state whereby the
amount and quality
of land resources
necessary to support
ecosystem functions
and services remains
stable or increases
within specified
temporal and spatial
scales”
(UNCCD Intergovernmental Working
Group on the follow up to Rio +20)
decoupling growth / depletion
is LDN achievable?
12 million hectares / year
LDN TARGET SETTINGS
Reach LDN by 2030
THE NEW YORK DECLARATION
OF FORESTS
Restore 350 Mha by 2030
4P1000
Increase of soil carbon by 0.4%/ year
Restore 20 Mha by 2020
THE BONN CHALLENGE
20x20 AFR100
how?
no ‘license to degrade’
WP1: Analysis of CSR
Policies
WP1: Analysis of CSR
Policies
WP2: Analysis of
Investment Flows
WP2: Analysis of
Investment Flows
WP2: Analysis of Policy
Environment
WP2: Analysis of Policy
Environment
GM:WorkingDefinitionofSLMGM:WorkingDefinitionofSLM
Advocacy, Interaction with
Companies, Investment
Packages
Advocacy, Interaction with
Companies, Investment
Packages
SynthesisReportSynthesisReport
D3
D4
D5
D7
D6
D8
D1
D2
PHASE 1 PHASE 2
15
• Companies: Screening of 40 largest mining companies and another 10 large mining
companies that were known to publish sustainability reports
• Screening based on corporate websites and financial reports
• Identification of countries these companies operate in
• Countries included in initial screening based on initial responses:
• Africa (5): Botswana, DR Congo, Eritrea, Mozambique, Zambia
• Asia (6): Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam
• Latin America (1): Peru
• Limitations:
• Size/ significance of country-level operations not taken into account at this stage
• Not systematically checked availability of mine-level EIAs
• Bias towards large companies in sustainability reporting
• Quality of sustainability reports
SCREENING OF MINING COMPANIES
Findings (objective 1)
• Sustainability reporting has improved overall
• But:
– Poor quantitative data
– Fragmented information on SLM
– Highly aggregated information (not operation-specific)
– Lack of transparency and comparability
RECOMMENDATIONS:
• Survey mining MNCs + other
stakeholders
• Questions focussing on project finance
• Follow-up interviews
• Targeted discussions with practitioners
(e.g. mining analysts at investment
banks)
Findings (objective 2)
• Inconclusive evidence that market values sustainable mining operations
• Scarce project finance data (disclosure)
• Difficult to isolate SLM from other risk factors
RECOMMENDATIONS:
Findings (objective 3)
• Lack of knowledge about SLM/LDN and related guidance
• Lack of enforcement of laws and regulations
• Lack of incentives
RECOMMENDATIONS:
1. Certifications
2. LDN Fund
DFIs
DONORS
Senior Shares
Junior Shares
Impact Investors
NotesPrivate Investors
promoting triple bottom line
ENVIRONMENTAL , SOCIAL and ECONOMIC
BENEFITS
contributing to several SDGs
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone QUATRINI
Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone QUATRINI

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Involving the Mining Sector in Achieving Land Degradation Neutrality, Simone QUATRINI

  • 1. Involving the mining sector in achieving Land Degradation Neutrality Simone Quatrini, Ralf Barkemeyer, Lindsay Stringer
  • 3. ALWAYS VERY SEVERE CONSEQUENCES VERY DIFFERENT CAUSES … DEPENDING ON VERY LOCAL CONTEXTS More than 25% of the world’s land area undergoing degradation in the last two decades
  • 5. “a state whereby the amount and quality of land resources necessary to support ecosystem functions and services remains stable or increases within specified temporal and spatial scales” (UNCCD Intergovernmental Working Group on the follow up to Rio +20)
  • 7. is LDN achievable? 12 million hectares / year
  • 8. LDN TARGET SETTINGS Reach LDN by 2030 THE NEW YORK DECLARATION OF FORESTS Restore 350 Mha by 2030 4P1000 Increase of soil carbon by 0.4%/ year Restore 20 Mha by 2020 THE BONN CHALLENGE 20x20 AFR100
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  • 14. WP1: Analysis of CSR Policies WP1: Analysis of CSR Policies WP2: Analysis of Investment Flows WP2: Analysis of Investment Flows WP2: Analysis of Policy Environment WP2: Analysis of Policy Environment GM:WorkingDefinitionofSLMGM:WorkingDefinitionofSLM Advocacy, Interaction with Companies, Investment Packages Advocacy, Interaction with Companies, Investment Packages SynthesisReportSynthesisReport D3 D4 D5 D7 D6 D8 D1 D2 PHASE 1 PHASE 2
  • 15. 15 • Companies: Screening of 40 largest mining companies and another 10 large mining companies that were known to publish sustainability reports • Screening based on corporate websites and financial reports • Identification of countries these companies operate in • Countries included in initial screening based on initial responses: • Africa (5): Botswana, DR Congo, Eritrea, Mozambique, Zambia • Asia (6): Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam • Latin America (1): Peru • Limitations: • Size/ significance of country-level operations not taken into account at this stage • Not systematically checked availability of mine-level EIAs • Bias towards large companies in sustainability reporting • Quality of sustainability reports SCREENING OF MINING COMPANIES
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  • 18. Findings (objective 1) • Sustainability reporting has improved overall • But: – Poor quantitative data – Fragmented information on SLM – Highly aggregated information (not operation-specific) – Lack of transparency and comparability RECOMMENDATIONS:
  • 19. • Survey mining MNCs + other stakeholders • Questions focussing on project finance • Follow-up interviews • Targeted discussions with practitioners (e.g. mining analysts at investment banks)
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  • 23. Findings (objective 2) • Inconclusive evidence that market values sustainable mining operations • Scarce project finance data (disclosure) • Difficult to isolate SLM from other risk factors RECOMMENDATIONS:
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  • 27. Findings (objective 3) • Lack of knowledge about SLM/LDN and related guidance • Lack of enforcement of laws and regulations • Lack of incentives RECOMMENDATIONS: 1. Certifications 2. LDN Fund
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  • 29. DFIs DONORS Senior Shares Junior Shares Impact Investors NotesPrivate Investors
  • 30. promoting triple bottom line ENVIRONMENTAL , SOCIAL and ECONOMIC BENEFITS