P L A Nt Layout1

  • 434 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
434
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Plant Layout
  • 2. Facilitylayout
    Planning:
    for the location of all machines, utilities, employee workstations, customer service areas, material storage areas, aisles, restrooms, lunchrooms, internal walls, offices, and computer rooms
    for the flow patterns of materials and people around, into, and within buildings
    infrastructure services such as the delivery of line communications, energy, and water and the removal of waste water all make up basic utilities
  • 3. Characteristics of the Facility Layout Decision
    Infrequent
    Expensive to implement
    Studied and evaluated extensively
    Long-term commitments
  • 4. Objectives of the Layout Strategy
    Develop an economical layout which will meet
    the requirements of:
    product design and volume (product strategy)
    Process equipment and capacity (process strategy)
    quality of work life (human resource strategy)
    building and site constraints (location strategy)
  • 5. Importance of Layout
    Facilitates: Manufacturing process.
    Facilitates quick movements by reduction of transportation & waiting time
    Minimises material movement & handling.
    Efficient utilisation of resources: Men, Materials, Machines.
    Achieves efficiency by effective planning.
    Improves quality of operations by proper selection of plant, machinery, operations & sequencing.
  • 6. Factors Affecting thePlant Layout Decision
    Types of Production
    Scale of Production
    Type of machines
    Type of Building Facilities
    Availability of Total Floor Area
    Possibility of Future Expansion
    Arrangement of Material Handling Equipment
  • 7. 7
    MKS-BTMII-LEC2
    Flow Pattern
    (b) L-Flow
    (a) I-Flow
    I-Flow: Separate receiving and shipping area
    L-Flow: When straight line flow chart to be accommodated
    U-Flow: Very popular as a combination of receiving and shipping.
    O-Flow: When it is desired to terminate the flow near where it is originated.
    S-Flow: When the production line is long and zigzagging on the production floor is required.
    (c) U-Flow
    (e) O-Flow
    (d) S-Flow
  • 8. TYPES OF PLANT LAYOUTS
    1. Product or Line layout
    2. Process or Functional layout
    3. Fixed Position or Project layout
    4. Combination layout (Mixed layout)
  • 9. Product or Line layout
  • 10. ADVANTAGES OF PRODUCT LAYOUT
    1. Low cost material handling
    2. Smooth and uninterrupted operations
    3. Continuous flow of work
    4. Optimum use of floor space
    5. Shorter processing time
    6. Simple and effective inspection of work
  • 11. Disadvantages
    1. High initial capital investment
    2. Heavy overhead charges
    3. Lesser flexibility
  • 12. PROCESS LAYOUT
  • 13. ADVANTAGES OF PROCESSLAYOUT
    1. Lower initial capital investment
    2. The overhead cost are relatively low
    3. Supervision can be more effective and specialised
    4. Greater flexibility
  • 14. DISADVANTAGES OF PROCESSLAYOUT
    1. Material handling costs are high due to backtracking
    2. More skilled labour is required
    3. More frequent inspection is needed
  • 15. FIXED POSITION OR PROJECTLAYOUT
  • 16. ADVANTAGES OF FIXEDPOSITION LAYOUT
    1. It saves time and cost involved on the movement of
    work from one work station to another
    2. The layout is flexible as change in job design and
    operation sequence can be easily incorporated
    3. It is more economical when several orders in
    different stages of progress are being executed
    simultaneously
  • 17. DISADVANTAGES OF FIXEDPOSITION LAYOUT
    1. Production period being very long, capital investment is very heavy
    2. Very large space is required for storage of material and equipment near the product
  • 18. COMBINATION LAYOUT