P L A Nt Layout1

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P L A Nt Layout1

  1. 1. Plant Layout<br />
  2. 2. Facilitylayout<br />Planning:<br />for the location of all machines, utilities, employee workstations, customer service areas, material storage areas, aisles, restrooms, lunchrooms, internal walls, offices, and computer rooms<br />for the flow patterns of materials and people around, into, and within buildings<br />infrastructure services such as the delivery of line communications, energy, and water and the removal of waste water all make up basic utilities<br />
  3. 3. Characteristics of the Facility Layout Decision<br />Infrequent<br />Expensive to implement<br />Studied and evaluated extensively<br />Long-term commitments<br />
  4. 4. Objectives of the Layout Strategy<br />Develop an economical layout which will meet <br />the requirements of:<br />product design and volume (product strategy)<br />Process equipment and capacity (process strategy)<br />quality of work life (human resource strategy)<br />building and site constraints (location strategy)<br />
  5. 5. Importance of Layout<br />Facilitates: Manufacturing process.<br /> Facilitates quick movements by reduction of transportation & waiting time<br />Minimises material movement & handling.<br /> Efficient utilisation of resources: Men, Materials, Machines.<br /> Achieves efficiency by effective planning.<br /> Improves quality of operations by proper selection of plant, machinery, operations & sequencing.<br />
  6. 6. Factors Affecting thePlant Layout Decision<br />Types of Production<br />Scale of Production<br />Type of machines<br />Type of Building Facilities<br />Availability of Total Floor Area<br />Possibility of Future Expansion<br />Arrangement of Material Handling Equipment<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />MKS-BTMII-LEC2<br />Flow Pattern<br />(b) L-Flow<br />(a) I-Flow<br />I-Flow: Separate receiving and shipping area<br />L-Flow: When straight line flow chart to be accommodated<br />U-Flow: Very popular as a combination of receiving and shipping.<br />O-Flow: When it is desired to terminate the flow near where it is originated.<br />S-Flow: When the production line is long and zigzagging on the production floor is required.<br />(c) U-Flow<br />(e) O-Flow<br />(d) S-Flow<br />
  8. 8. TYPES OF PLANT LAYOUTS<br />1. Product or Line layout<br />2. Process or Functional layout<br />3. Fixed Position or Project layout<br />4. Combination layout (Mixed layout)<br />
  9. 9. Product or Line layout<br />
  10. 10. ADVANTAGES OF PRODUCT LAYOUT<br />1. Low cost material handling<br />2. Smooth and uninterrupted operations<br />3. Continuous flow of work<br />4. Optimum use of floor space<br />5. Shorter processing time<br />6. Simple and effective inspection of work<br />
  11. 11. Disadvantages<br />1. High initial capital investment<br />2. Heavy overhead charges<br />3. Lesser flexibility<br />
  12. 12. PROCESS LAYOUT<br />
  13. 13. ADVANTAGES OF PROCESSLAYOUT<br />1. Lower initial capital investment<br />2. The overhead cost are relatively low<br />3. Supervision can be more effective and specialised<br />4. Greater flexibility<br />
  14. 14. DISADVANTAGES OF PROCESSLAYOUT<br />1. Material handling costs are high due to backtracking<br />2. More skilled labour is required<br />3. More frequent inspection is needed<br />
  15. 15. FIXED POSITION OR PROJECTLAYOUT<br />
  16. 16. ADVANTAGES OF FIXEDPOSITION LAYOUT<br />1. It saves time and cost involved on the movement of<br />work from one work station to another<br />2. The layout is flexible as change in job design and<br />operation sequence can be easily incorporated<br />3. It is more economical when several orders in<br />different stages of progress are being executed<br />simultaneously<br />
  17. 17. DISADVANTAGES OF FIXEDPOSITION LAYOUT<br />1. Production period being very long, capital investment is very heavy<br />2. Very large space is required for storage of material and equipment near the product<br />
  18. 18. COMBINATION LAYOUT<br />

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