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PRESENTED By:
AJATSHATRU SHARMA
ANITA SHARMA
SAKSHI ARORA
MBA 3RD SEM
Industrial safety is primarily a
  management        activity which     is
  concerned with
 Reducing
 Controlling
 Eliminating hazards from the industries
  or industrial units.
Significance of Industrial Safety

   Industrial causes a great loss to both the
    Employer & Employee, that’s it is having
    importance
   Cost of compensation
   Cost of medical-aid
   Cost of training a new worker
   Cost of the lost time
   Cost of investigation
   Cost of supervision & inspections
   Cost to the Govt. in terms of factory
    inspectors, & public health services
Contd.

   Cost of spoilage of materials
   Cost of the damage of machinery
   Cost of cost of wages payble during injury
   Cost of loss of morale; &
   Cost of loss to the worker and his family
   To prevent accidents in the plant by reducing the hazard to minimum.

   To eliminate accident caused work stoppage and lost production.

   To achieve lower workmen’s compensation, insurance rates and reduce
    all other direct and indirect costs of accidents.

   To prevent loss of life, permanent disability and the loss of income of
    worker by eliminating causes of accidents.
   To evaluate employee’s morale by promoting safe work place and good
    working condition

   To educate all members of the organization in continuous state of safety
    mindless and to make supervision competent and intensely safety
    minded.
Measurement & Records of
Accidents
   Two main ratios used to measure accidents are
   1. Accident Frequency Rate
   2. Accident Severity Rate


   AFC = No. of injuries * 10,00,000/ Total no.
    of man hours worked

   ASR = no. of man day lost * 10,00,000/Total
    no. of man hours worked
Causes of Industrial Accidents
   1. Unsafe conditions
   a. The job itself
   b. Work schedules
   c. Psychological conditions
   d. Machinery & Equipment

   2. Unsafe Acts

   3. Miscellaneous Causes
Measures to        ensure Industrial Safety
   1. Safety Policy
   2. Safety Committee
   3. Safety Engineering
   a. Guarding of machinery
   b. Material handling equipment
   c. Safety devices
   d. Ergonomics
   e. Plan maintenance
   f. General house keeping

   4. Safety Education & Training
   5. Role of Government
   Engineering: i.e. safety at the design, equipment installation
    stage.

   Education: i.e. education of employees in safe practices.

   Enlistment: i.e. it concerns the attitude of the employees and
    management towards the programmed and its purpose. This
    necessary arose the interest of employees in accident
    prevention and safety consciousness.

   Encouragement: i.e. to enforce adherence to safe rules and
    practices.
 Safety audit –
A safety audit subjects each area of a company’s activity to a
  systematic critical examination with the object of minimizing
  loss.

 Safety survey-
A safety survey is a detailed examination in depth of a narrower
  field of activity.

   Safety inspection-
   A routine scheduled inspection of a unit or department, which
    may be
   carried out by someone ( may be a safety representative ) from
    within the unit, possibly
   accompanied by the safety advisor. The inspection would check
    maintenance standards,
   21 - Fencing of machinery
   22 - Work on or near machinery in motion
   23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous
    machines.
   24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power
   25 - Self-acting machines
   26 - Casing of new machinery
   27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children
    near cotton-openers
   28 - Hoists and lifts
   29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
   30 - Revolving machinery
   31 - Pressure plant
   32 - Floors, stairs and means of access
   33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc
   34 - Excessive weights
   35 - Protection of eyes.
   36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases
   36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light.
   37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc
   38 - Precautions in case of fire
   39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests
    of stability
   40 - Safety of buildings and machinery
   40A - Maintenance of buildings
   40B - Safety Officers
   41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
   Stipulate a national minimum wage to give people dignity.

   Institute a comprehensive social security legislation
    covering unemployment, health insurance, old age
    pension, disability and regulation of employment for all
    workers.

   Ensure gainful rehabilitation in terms of alternate land,
    livelihood, shelter, and all basic necessities concerning
    health, education and connectivity for all people displaced
    by development projects, closures, lockouts, relocation,
    man-made and natural disaster.
   Institute employment guarantee for urban and rural areas
    throughout the year with separate cards for women and
    for all adults who demand employment.

   Introduce special programs to impart training and
    entrepreneurial skills, capital and credit facilities without
    collateral and market support to women-headed
    households and all women.

   Enforce existing labour laws in special economic zones,
    export promotion zones and free trade zones.

   Ensure full-time wage work for poor women and skill and
    entrepreneurship training for self employed women.
   Govt. schemes for women must ensure equal pay even if
    the task are not same.

   Crèches must be provided for all women’s.

   Minimum wages for women in the informal sector and
    domestic work.

   Equal wages and occupational safety for women
    construction workers.

   Work related schemes should be based on market trends.

   All workers in all sectors should be given identity cards.
Industrial safety

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Industrial safety

  • 1. PRESENTED By: AJATSHATRU SHARMA ANITA SHARMA SAKSHI ARORA MBA 3RD SEM
  • 2. Industrial safety is primarily a management activity which is concerned with  Reducing  Controlling  Eliminating hazards from the industries or industrial units.
  • 3. Significance of Industrial Safety  Industrial causes a great loss to both the Employer & Employee, that’s it is having importance  Cost of compensation  Cost of medical-aid  Cost of training a new worker  Cost of the lost time  Cost of investigation  Cost of supervision & inspections  Cost to the Govt. in terms of factory inspectors, & public health services
  • 4. Contd.  Cost of spoilage of materials  Cost of the damage of machinery  Cost of cost of wages payble during injury  Cost of loss of morale; &  Cost of loss to the worker and his family
  • 5. To prevent accidents in the plant by reducing the hazard to minimum.  To eliminate accident caused work stoppage and lost production.  To achieve lower workmen’s compensation, insurance rates and reduce all other direct and indirect costs of accidents.  To prevent loss of life, permanent disability and the loss of income of worker by eliminating causes of accidents.  To evaluate employee’s morale by promoting safe work place and good working condition  To educate all members of the organization in continuous state of safety mindless and to make supervision competent and intensely safety minded.
  • 6. Measurement & Records of Accidents  Two main ratios used to measure accidents are  1. Accident Frequency Rate  2. Accident Severity Rate  AFC = No. of injuries * 10,00,000/ Total no. of man hours worked  ASR = no. of man day lost * 10,00,000/Total no. of man hours worked
  • 7. Causes of Industrial Accidents  1. Unsafe conditions  a. The job itself  b. Work schedules  c. Psychological conditions  d. Machinery & Equipment  2. Unsafe Acts  3. Miscellaneous Causes
  • 8. Measures to ensure Industrial Safety  1. Safety Policy  2. Safety Committee  3. Safety Engineering  a. Guarding of machinery  b. Material handling equipment  c. Safety devices  d. Ergonomics  e. Plan maintenance  f. General house keeping  4. Safety Education & Training  5. Role of Government
  • 9. Engineering: i.e. safety at the design, equipment installation stage.  Education: i.e. education of employees in safe practices.  Enlistment: i.e. it concerns the attitude of the employees and management towards the programmed and its purpose. This necessary arose the interest of employees in accident prevention and safety consciousness.  Encouragement: i.e. to enforce adherence to safe rules and practices.
  • 10.  Safety audit – A safety audit subjects each area of a company’s activity to a systematic critical examination with the object of minimizing loss.  Safety survey- A safety survey is a detailed examination in depth of a narrower field of activity.  Safety inspection-  A routine scheduled inspection of a unit or department, which may be  carried out by someone ( may be a safety representative ) from within the unit, possibly  accompanied by the safety advisor. The inspection would check maintenance standards,
  • 11.
  • 12. 21 - Fencing of machinery  22 - Work on or near machinery in motion  23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous machines.  24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power  25 - Self-acting machines  26 - Casing of new machinery  27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers  28 - Hoists and lifts  29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles  30 - Revolving machinery  31 - Pressure plant
  • 13. 32 - Floors, stairs and means of access  33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc  34 - Excessive weights  35 - Protection of eyes.  36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases  36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light.  37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc  38 - Precautions in case of fire  39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability  40 - Safety of buildings and machinery  40A - Maintenance of buildings  40B - Safety Officers  41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
  • 14.
  • 15. Stipulate a national minimum wage to give people dignity.  Institute a comprehensive social security legislation covering unemployment, health insurance, old age pension, disability and regulation of employment for all workers.  Ensure gainful rehabilitation in terms of alternate land, livelihood, shelter, and all basic necessities concerning health, education and connectivity for all people displaced by development projects, closures, lockouts, relocation, man-made and natural disaster.
  • 16. Institute employment guarantee for urban and rural areas throughout the year with separate cards for women and for all adults who demand employment.  Introduce special programs to impart training and entrepreneurial skills, capital and credit facilities without collateral and market support to women-headed households and all women.  Enforce existing labour laws in special economic zones, export promotion zones and free trade zones.  Ensure full-time wage work for poor women and skill and entrepreneurship training for self employed women.
  • 17. Govt. schemes for women must ensure equal pay even if the task are not same.  Crèches must be provided for all women’s.  Minimum wages for women in the informal sector and domestic work.  Equal wages and occupational safety for women construction workers.  Work related schemes should be based on market trends.  All workers in all sectors should be given identity cards.