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SENSORY NEEDS/
DEPRIVATION
Mr. Kuldeep Vyas
HOD – Communnity Health Nursing
Smt. Dakuben Saremalji Sancheti Nursing Institute, Sumerpur
Introduction
OSensation is the neurological process by
which we become aware of surrounding
environment.
WHAT IS THE SENSE ORGAN
O EYE- which provide the sense of sight.
O NOSE – which provide the sense of smell.
O EAR - which provide the sense of hearing.
O SKIN - which provide the sense of touch.
O TONGUE - which provide the sense of
taste.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SEENSORY NEED
O Sensory need or issue occur when we
have difficulties for receiving and
responding to information from their
sense.
O Most of the patient may develop sensory
impairment and at the risk of injury.
COMPONENT OF SENSSORY
EXPERIENCE
1. RECEPTION
2. PERCEPTION
3. REACTION
1. RECEPTION
O Reception is the process of receiving
internal and external stimuli from nerve
ending through vision, hearing, smell test
and touch.
O Once receive the stimulus they convert
energy from stimulus to electrical signals.
O This electrical signals passes from the
spinal cord to the brain
2. PERCEPTION
O Is the vital aspect of senses to understand
world around people.
O Is the ability to receive sensory input,
through various physiological processes in
the body
O The perception is strongly influence by
level of consciousness, past experience,
education, culture, value and other
factors.
3. REACTION
O The human brain is filled with millions of stimuli
entering in to the nervous system among those
choosing appropriate response to the proper
stimuli is called reaction.
O It is an uncontrolled emotional or behavioral
reaction to overwhelming stress or sensory
overload that can trigger a flight of fight reaction.
O The person usually reacts to environmental
stimuli when it is most important and meaningful.
AROUSAL MECHANISM
O Arousal is the process of conscious a
wakefulness of physiological and
psychological sensory perception.
O It mainly balance the alertness,
consciousness, attention and informing
processing.
O Arousal is the most powerful and essential
function in the brain.
Cont…
O It involves activation of the autonomy
nervous system, endocrine system for the
readiness to respond perceived stimuli.
O Raised blood pressure, pulse, respiration,
emotion, behavior, fight or flight response
and sexual activity.
FACTORS AFFECTING SENSORY FUNCTION
DEVELOPMENTA
L
CONSIDERATION
VISION HEARING
PAIN AND
TOUCH
CULTURE
PERSONALITY
AND
LIFESTYLE
STRESS AND
ILLNESS
MEDICATION
DEVELOPMENTAL CONSIDERATION
O Human nervous system consisting of
many neuron, for their growth required
different sensory stimulation will active.
O In infant and children sense organs play
major role in activating mind and notify
their familiar surrounding at birth many
neural pathway are immature as age
increase it will be become mature.
VISSION
O Newborn cannot visualize 8-16 inches
away from their face, the mother womb is
dark environment and there is poorly
developed vision sense at birth.
O However by 2-3 month the child can
sense familiar face, objects, image and
contrast colors.
HEARING
O The infant’s sense of hearing is very
strong from 5th month of prenatal
development.
O Hearing ability of the infant become strong
when infants heard their mother’s voice
during sucking.
PAIN AND TOUCH
PERSONALITY AND LIFESTYLE
STRESS AND ILLNESS
MEDICATION
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
FORMAL
SENSORY ALTERATION
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
COMMUNICATION WITH VISUALLY
IMPAIRED CLIENT
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.
SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.

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SENSORY NEEDS B.SC. NURSING SEMESTER II.

  • 1. SENSORY NEEDS/ DEPRIVATION Mr. Kuldeep Vyas HOD – Communnity Health Nursing Smt. Dakuben Saremalji Sancheti Nursing Institute, Sumerpur
  • 2. Introduction OSensation is the neurological process by which we become aware of surrounding environment.
  • 3. WHAT IS THE SENSE ORGAN O EYE- which provide the sense of sight. O NOSE – which provide the sense of smell. O EAR - which provide the sense of hearing. O SKIN - which provide the sense of touch. O TONGUE - which provide the sense of taste.
  • 5. SEENSORY NEED O Sensory need or issue occur when we have difficulties for receiving and responding to information from their sense. O Most of the patient may develop sensory impairment and at the risk of injury.
  • 6. COMPONENT OF SENSSORY EXPERIENCE 1. RECEPTION 2. PERCEPTION 3. REACTION
  • 7. 1. RECEPTION O Reception is the process of receiving internal and external stimuli from nerve ending through vision, hearing, smell test and touch. O Once receive the stimulus they convert energy from stimulus to electrical signals. O This electrical signals passes from the spinal cord to the brain
  • 8. 2. PERCEPTION O Is the vital aspect of senses to understand world around people. O Is the ability to receive sensory input, through various physiological processes in the body O The perception is strongly influence by level of consciousness, past experience, education, culture, value and other factors.
  • 9. 3. REACTION O The human brain is filled with millions of stimuli entering in to the nervous system among those choosing appropriate response to the proper stimuli is called reaction. O It is an uncontrolled emotional or behavioral reaction to overwhelming stress or sensory overload that can trigger a flight of fight reaction. O The person usually reacts to environmental stimuli when it is most important and meaningful.
  • 10. AROUSAL MECHANISM O Arousal is the process of conscious a wakefulness of physiological and psychological sensory perception. O It mainly balance the alertness, consciousness, attention and informing processing. O Arousal is the most powerful and essential function in the brain.
  • 11. Cont… O It involves activation of the autonomy nervous system, endocrine system for the readiness to respond perceived stimuli. O Raised blood pressure, pulse, respiration, emotion, behavior, fight or flight response and sexual activity.
  • 12. FACTORS AFFECTING SENSORY FUNCTION DEVELOPMENTA L CONSIDERATION VISION HEARING PAIN AND TOUCH CULTURE PERSONALITY AND LIFESTYLE STRESS AND ILLNESS MEDICATION
  • 13. DEVELOPMENTAL CONSIDERATION O Human nervous system consisting of many neuron, for their growth required different sensory stimulation will active. O In infant and children sense organs play major role in activating mind and notify their familiar surrounding at birth many neural pathway are immature as age increase it will be become mature.
  • 14. VISSION O Newborn cannot visualize 8-16 inches away from their face, the mother womb is dark environment and there is poorly developed vision sense at birth. O However by 2-3 month the child can sense familiar face, objects, image and contrast colors.
  • 15. HEARING O The infant’s sense of hearing is very strong from 5th month of prenatal development. O Hearing ability of the infant become strong when infants heard their mother’s voice during sucking.