SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 36
Presented by:
Sahil Dhanani
What is Organizational Change?
Organizational change is the process by which
organizations move from their present state
to some desired future state to increase
their effectiveness.
Organizational Change(cont.)
• Involves Planned and Unplanned
• Transformation in an Organization
• It is the movement from current stage
to some future and preferred stage
• It is a continuous process
Nature of change
• History and Politics:
This will have a significant bearing on its acceptance of
change. Questions raised while planning for change are:
 Where do the origin of the company lie?
 What Image does the company like to promote?
 Have they had good or bad previous experience of
change?
 What will be the effect of the change on the ‘balance of
power’?
 Parties impacted by the change?
Nature of change(cont.)
• Management and Organization:
Change will impact the roles of management and the
structure and operation of the organization.
 senior management ensures encouraging opportunities for progress
through innovation and recognition
 Role of line management shifts from ‘autocrat’ to ‘facilitator’.
 Boundaries between jobs, division and department become blurred.
 Requirement for specialists decreases and the demand for multi-
skilling increases.
 Encourage for project and group work
 Improving processes reduces the total availability of jobs.
• People
– For smallest change, do not underestimate the
reaction of those impact.
– With every change, comes an expectation of a
reward for acceptance.
– Think through carefully the impact of the change
on every job it affects.
Level of Change
1. Level of
change
• INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL CHANGE
2. Level of
change
• GROUP-LEVEL CHANGE
3. Level of
change
• ORGANIZATIONAL-LEVEL CHANGE
Importance of change
• Change is inevitable.
• Life itself is almost synonymous with the concept of chnge.
• All organisms must adapt to the demands of their environments
and their own stage of growth.
• Similarly ,human grow up , leaving behind the characteristics of
earlier stages of development and adopting new behaviour to age
, and expectations.an organisation is not much different.
• An originations cannot and should not remain constant over time.
Even if the management does not want to change, external
pressure force it to change.
Types of change
• Evolutionary change
• Revolutionary change
 Evolutionary change involves the attempt to increase the
effectiveness of the way an organisation currently operates
,revolutionary change involves the attempt to find new ways to
be effective.
 Revolutionary change is likely to result in a dramatic shift that
involves a whole new way of doing things, new goals , and a new
structure.
Total Quality Management(TQM)
• Total quality management is a technique developed by Edward Demming to
improve the efficiency of flexible work teams.
• The board goal of TQM is continuous improvement.
• TQM is a rational techniques which is driven by hard statistical data on the
need for change. TQM seeks to introduce change through four key
components :-
i. Systems iii. People
ii. Processes iv. management
• 2. Re- Engineering :-
• “Re-engineering involves rethinking and redesign of business processes
to increase organisational effectiveness.”`
Total Quality
Management(cont.)
• Organisation that take up re-engineering deliberately ignore the
exiting arrangement of tasks roles and work activities.
• For the sake of more clarity, it is useful to state what re-
engineering is not. Re- engineering is not automation.
Restructuring or reorganisation, or delaying although these may
be consequences of a re-engineering exercise. It is useful to
consider why organisations might contemplate re-engineering
,given its radical nature.
Forces for change in
organisations
• Causes for change:
 External causes-
 Globalisation
 Workforce diversity
 Technological change
 Managing ethical behaviour
 Government policies
 Competition
 Scarcity of resources
Forces for change in
organisations (cont.)
 Internal causes-
Organisational silence
Failing effectiveness
Crisis
Changing employee expectations
Change in the work climate
What is Resistance to
change
• Resistance to change is the act of opposing or
struggling with modifications or transformations
that alter the status quo in the workplace.
CHANGE
Organizational Level
Forces
-Organizational Structure
-Organizational Culture
-Organizational Strategy
-Over-Determination
Group-Level Forces
-Group Norms
-Group Think
Individual-Level Forces
-Congnitive Biases
-Uncertainty
-Fear of Loss
-Selective Perception
-Habits
-Logical Reasons
Sub-Unit-Level Forces
-Difference in
Orientation
-Power and Conflict
What is Resistance to change?
1–19
Organization
A consciously coordinated social unit, composed of
two or more people, that functions on a relatively
continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set
of goals.
Organizational process
 Planning
A process that includes defining goals, establishing
strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities.
 Organizing
Determining what tasks are to be done, who is to do
them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to
whom, and where decisions are to be made.
Organizational process(cont.)
 Leading
A function that includes motivating employees, directing
others, selecting the most effective communication channels,
and resolving conflicts.
 Controlling
Monitoring activities to ensure they are being accomplished
as planned and correcting any significant deviations.
Organizational Development
OD Values:
1. Respect for people
2. Trust and support
3. Power equalization
4. Confrontation
5. Participation
Organizational Development (OD)
A collection of planned interventions, built on
humanistic-democratic values, that seeks to
improve organizational effectiveness and employee
well-being.
OD Techniques
• Characteristics of OD Techniques
Based on valid information collected by employees.
Under guidance of change agent, employees get
opportunities to make their choices regarding
solution to the problems.
Aimed at gaining personal commitment to their
choices.
Strategic
Types of Techniques
Human
Process
Human Resource
Management
Techno-
Structural
Human Process Technique
– Improve interpersonal skills of employees
– To analyze employees own and others
behavior in order to solve interpersonal and
intergroup problems
Human Process
Technique(cont.)
Sensitivity
and
T-Test
Team
Building
Human Process
Technique(cont)
• Sensitivity and T-test
Increase the awareness of employee’s own
behavior how other perceive them
Behavior of others
Understating group process
In India it was first conducted by Rolf Lynton in
1957
Human process
technique(cont.)
• Team building
Is the process of detecting and improving the
effectiveness of work group
Increase the effectiveness of teams will improve
the org overall effectiveness
Techno-structural
Techniques
– It rely on efforts to change the structure
method and job design of the organization.
– They focus more directly on productivity
improvement and efficiency
Quality of Work life Problems
Techno-structural
Techniques(cont.)
• Quality of Work life Problems
They have been designed to create situational
that enhance employees motivation,satification
and commitment to contribute to high level of
organization performance
Human Resource Management
– They aim at hiring, training and performance
appraisal can mould employee commitment,
motivation and productivity.
Strategic Techniques
• Analyzing current strategy and organization
design
• Choosing desired strategy and organization design
• Designing a strategic change plan
• Implementing a strategy change plan
Effectiveness of OD
Programming
There are numerous factors to be considered
before any action is taken to resolve a specific
problem. there are several reasons to this-
It is difficult to measure the number, nature and
magnitude of confounding variables.
Preintervention measure of behavior are not taken
Those doing the evaluations of OD programmers have a
vested interest in proving success.
THE END

More Related Content

What's hot

Organizational change development ppt
Organizational change development pptOrganizational change development ppt
Organizational change development pptHasnatuttakween BE
 
Lecture3 planned change
Lecture3 planned changeLecture3 planned change
Lecture3 planned changeling selanoba
 
CHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
CHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGECHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
CHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGENavya Jayakumar
 
Organizational development interventions
Organizational development interventionsOrganizational development interventions
Organizational development interventionsDebbie Nell Geronimo
 
Organizational Development
Organizational DevelopmentOrganizational Development
Organizational DevelopmentAshit Jain
 
Organizational change & development
Organizational change & developmentOrganizational change & development
Organizational change & developmentvanyasingla1
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change managementreachrubi27
 
Structural intervention
Structural intervention Structural intervention
Structural intervention Bhumika Garg
 
Organization Development
Organization DevelopmentOrganization Development
Organization DevelopmentAman Arora
 
Organizational Change
Organizational ChangeOrganizational Change
Organizational ChangeAJ Briones
 
Burke litwin change model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...
Burke litwin change model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...Burke litwin change model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...
Burke litwin change model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...manumelwin
 
Kurt Lewin’s three stage model - Organizational Change and Development - Man...
Kurt Lewin’s three stage model -  Organizational Change and Development - Man...Kurt Lewin’s three stage model -  Organizational Change and Development - Man...
Kurt Lewin’s three stage model - Organizational Change and Development - Man...manumelwin
 
Porras and robertson model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...
Porras and robertson model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...Porras and robertson model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...
Porras and robertson model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...manumelwin
 
Planned change
Planned changePlanned change
Planned changeHarish Nag
 
organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...
organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...
organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...nasiba zargar
 
Action research - OD process - Organizational Change and Development - Manu...
Action research  - OD process -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu...Action research  - OD process -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu...
Action research - OD process - Organizational Change and Development - Manu...manumelwin
 

What's hot (20)

Organizational change development ppt
Organizational change development pptOrganizational change development ppt
Organizational change development ppt
 
Lecture3 planned change
Lecture3 planned changeLecture3 planned change
Lecture3 planned change
 
CHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
CHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGECHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
CHANGE, RESISTANCE TO CHANGE, OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHANGE
 
OD Interventions
OD Interventions OD Interventions
OD Interventions
 
Organizational development interventions
Organizational development interventionsOrganizational development interventions
Organizational development interventions
 
ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGEORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE
 
01 organisational change
01 organisational change01 organisational change
01 organisational change
 
Organizational Development
Organizational DevelopmentOrganizational Development
Organizational Development
 
Organizational change & development
Organizational change & developmentOrganizational change & development
Organizational change & development
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change management
 
Structural intervention
Structural intervention Structural intervention
Structural intervention
 
Organization Development
Organization DevelopmentOrganization Development
Organization Development
 
Organizational Change
Organizational ChangeOrganizational Change
Organizational Change
 
Burke litwin change model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...
Burke litwin change model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...Burke litwin change model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...
Burke litwin change model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Mel...
 
Kurt Lewin’s three stage model - Organizational Change and Development - Man...
Kurt Lewin’s three stage model -  Organizational Change and Development - Man...Kurt Lewin’s three stage model -  Organizational Change and Development - Man...
Kurt Lewin’s three stage model - Organizational Change and Development - Man...
 
Porras and robertson model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...
Porras and robertson model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...Porras and robertson model -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...
Porras and robertson model - Organizational Change and Development - Manu Me...
 
Planned change
Planned changePlanned change
Planned change
 
organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...
organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...
organisational change,nature of change ,role of change agents,forces for chan...
 
Action research - OD process - Organizational Change and Development - Manu...
Action research  - OD process -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu...Action research  - OD process -  Organizational Change and Development - Manu...
Action research - OD process - Organizational Change and Development - Manu...
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change management
 

Viewers also liked

Organizational Change and Development
Organizational Change and DevelopmentOrganizational Change and Development
Organizational Change and DevelopmentRajat Gupta
 
Organisational Change | Change Management
Organisational Change | Change ManagementOrganisational Change | Change Management
Organisational Change | Change ManagementdiannaGreford
 
4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)
4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)
4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)Catherine Adenle
 
OD process - Operational components of OD - Organizational Change and Develo...
OD process - Operational components of OD -  Organizational Change and Develo...OD process - Operational components of OD -  Organizational Change and Develo...
OD process - Operational components of OD - Organizational Change and Develo...manumelwin
 
process of planned change
process of planned changeprocess of planned change
process of planned changeJithin Kurian
 
Organisational change
Organisational changeOrganisational change
Organisational changeravikeshavite
 
Operational components of OD - By Priyanka & Shephali
Operational components of OD - By Priyanka & ShephaliOperational components of OD - By Priyanka & Shephali
Operational components of OD - By Priyanka & ShephaliShephali Srivastava
 
Org development for bbm ii sem bangalore university
Org development for bbm ii sem bangalore universityOrg development for bbm ii sem bangalore university
Org development for bbm ii sem bangalore universityTriyogi Triyogi
 
Change Management key notes
Change Management   key notesChange Management   key notes
Change Management key notesThangaraja T
 
Organizational development
Organizational development Organizational development
Organizational development Shruti Mishra
 
Exploring the role of the change agent slideshare
Exploring the role of the change agent   slideshareExploring the role of the change agent   slideshare
Exploring the role of the change agent slideshareChangefirst
 
Managing Organisational Change
Managing Organisational ChangeManaging Organisational Change
Managing Organisational ChangeAnirudh Kotlo
 
HRIS Implementation and Change Management
HRIS Implementation and Change ManagementHRIS Implementation and Change Management
HRIS Implementation and Change ManagementThu Nandi Nwe
 
8684792 od-interventions 2
8684792 od-interventions 28684792 od-interventions 2
8684792 od-interventions 2monicadadrah
 
Change Management2
Change Management2Change Management2
Change Management2hss601
 
Organisational change and development
Organisational change and development Organisational change and development
Organisational change and development Dr. Trilok Kumar Jain
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Organizational Change and Development
Organizational Change and DevelopmentOrganizational Change and Development
Organizational Change and Development
 
Organisational Change | Change Management
Organisational Change | Change ManagementOrganisational Change | Change Management
Organisational Change | Change Management
 
4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)
4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)
4 Components of Successful Change Implementation in Organizations (Infographic)
 
OD process - Operational components of OD - Organizational Change and Develo...
OD process - Operational components of OD -  Organizational Change and Develo...OD process - Operational components of OD -  Organizational Change and Develo...
OD process - Operational components of OD - Organizational Change and Develo...
 
process of planned change
process of planned changeprocess of planned change
process of planned change
 
Organisational change
Organisational changeOrganisational change
Organisational change
 
Operational components of OD - By Priyanka & Shephali
Operational components of OD - By Priyanka & ShephaliOperational components of OD - By Priyanka & Shephali
Operational components of OD - By Priyanka & Shephali
 
Org development for bbm ii sem bangalore university
Org development for bbm ii sem bangalore universityOrg development for bbm ii sem bangalore university
Org development for bbm ii sem bangalore university
 
Operational Components of OD
Operational Components of ODOperational Components of OD
Operational Components of OD
 
Change Management key notes
Change Management   key notesChange Management   key notes
Change Management key notes
 
Organizational development
Organizational development Organizational development
Organizational development
 
Exploring the role of the change agent slideshare
Exploring the role of the change agent   slideshareExploring the role of the change agent   slideshare
Exploring the role of the change agent slideshare
 
Managing Organisational Change
Managing Organisational ChangeManaging Organisational Change
Managing Organisational Change
 
HRIS Implementation and Change Management
HRIS Implementation and Change ManagementHRIS Implementation and Change Management
HRIS Implementation and Change Management
 
Change Agents
Change AgentsChange Agents
Change Agents
 
change agent
change agentchange agent
change agent
 
8684792 od-interventions 2
8684792 od-interventions 28684792 od-interventions 2
8684792 od-interventions 2
 
Bolman & Deal's Four Frames for Organisational Analysis
Bolman & Deal's Four Frames for Organisational AnalysisBolman & Deal's Four Frames for Organisational Analysis
Bolman & Deal's Four Frames for Organisational Analysis
 
Change Management2
Change Management2Change Management2
Change Management2
 
Organisational change and development
Organisational change and development Organisational change and development
Organisational change and development
 

Similar to Organisational change

Unit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy h
Unit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy hUnit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy h
Unit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy hSidGhase
 
Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...manumelwin
 
Chapter 7-Organization Change.ppt
Chapter 7-Organization Change.pptChapter 7-Organization Change.ppt
Chapter 7-Organization Change.pptMusyokiMusyoka1
 
What is Management of Change?
What is Management of Change?What is Management of Change?
What is Management of Change?timssubscription
 
Organization Behaviour - Organization Change and Development
Organization Behaviour - Organization Change and DevelopmentOrganization Behaviour - Organization Change and Development
Organization Behaviour - Organization Change and DevelopmentSOMASUNDARAM T
 
Change Session01
Change Session01Change Session01
Change Session01Tedy Sitepu
 
Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University - Organizat...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University -  Organizat...Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University -  Organizat...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University - Organizat...manumelwin
 
Change Management
Change Management Change Management
Change Management Swagat Rath
 
The theory and practice of change managemen
The theory and practice of change managemenThe theory and practice of change managemen
The theory and practice of change managemenDr. N. Asokan
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change managementRuhi Beri
 
Organizational Culture & Change
Organizational Culture & ChangeOrganizational Culture & Change
Organizational Culture & ChangeHayat Farag
 
Entepreneurship presentation
Entepreneurship presentation Entepreneurship presentation
Entepreneurship presentation danish bhatti
 
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptx
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptxORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptx
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptxRayjivThevendram2
 
Organizational development change management 05.26.15 final
Organizational development   change management 05.26.15 finalOrganizational development   change management 05.26.15 final
Organizational development change management 05.26.15 finalMark Hernandez
 
Lecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentals
Lecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentalsLecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentals
Lecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentalsfaiz rasool
 

Similar to Organisational change (20)

Unit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy h
Unit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy hUnit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy h
Unit 1-Organzational Changvbbbbb fasdbhy h
 
Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 4 - MG University - Manu Melwi...
 
Week 1 intro to odc
Week 1  intro to odcWeek 1  intro to odc
Week 1 intro to odc
 
Organizational change
Organizational changeOrganizational change
Organizational change
 
Chapter 7-Organization Change.ppt
Chapter 7-Organization Change.pptChapter 7-Organization Change.ppt
Chapter 7-Organization Change.ppt
 
What is Management of Change?
What is Management of Change?What is Management of Change?
What is Management of Change?
 
Organization Behaviour - Organization Change and Development
Organization Behaviour - Organization Change and DevelopmentOrganization Behaviour - Organization Change and Development
Organization Behaviour - Organization Change and Development
 
30 05-2010 organizational change and innovation
30 05-2010 organizational change and innovation30 05-2010 organizational change and innovation
30 05-2010 organizational change and innovation
 
Change Session01
Change Session01Change Session01
Change Session01
 
Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University - Organizat...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University -  Organizat...Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University -  Organizat...
Organizational Change and Development - Module 1 - MG University - Organizat...
 
Change Management
Change Management Change Management
Change Management
 
The theory and practice of change managemen
The theory and practice of change managemenThe theory and practice of change managemen
The theory and practice of change managemen
 
Change management
Change managementChange management
Change management
 
Organizational Culture & Change
Organizational Culture & ChangeOrganizational Culture & Change
Organizational Culture & Change
 
Employee Development
Employee DevelopmentEmployee Development
Employee Development
 
Entepreneurship presentation
Entepreneurship presentation Entepreneurship presentation
Entepreneurship presentation
 
Managing Organizational Change Essay
Managing Organizational Change EssayManaging Organizational Change Essay
Managing Organizational Change Essay
 
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptx
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptxORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptx
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT & INTERNAL STRENGTHENING STRATEGIES.pptx
 
Organizational development change management 05.26.15 final
Organizational development   change management 05.26.15 finalOrganizational development   change management 05.26.15 final
Organizational development change management 05.26.15 final
 
Lecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentals
Lecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentalsLecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentals
Lecture 1 lo1 a organisational change fundamentals
 

Recently uploaded

AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptNishitharanjan Rout
 
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnershipsexpandedwebsite
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................MirzaAbrarBaig5
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxneillewis46
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....Ritu480198
 
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSean M. Fox
 
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppCeline George
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...Gary Wood
 
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital ManagementMBA Assignment Experts
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfPondicherry University
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of Transport
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of TransportBasic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of Transport
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of TransportDenish Jangid
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsSandeep D Chaudhary
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchCaitlinCummins3
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjMohammed Sikander
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSAnaAcapella
 

Recently uploaded (20)

AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.pptAIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
AIM of Education-Teachers Training-2024.ppt
 
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
MuleSoft Integration with AWS Textract | Calling AWS Textract API |AWS - Clou...
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
 
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community PartnershipsSpring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
Spring gala 2024 photo slideshow - Celebrating School-Community Partnerships
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................
 
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptxGraduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
Graduate Outcomes Presentation Slides - English (v3).pptx
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading RoomSternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
Sternal Fractures & Dislocations - EMGuidewire Radiology Reading Room
 
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio AppImproved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
Improved Approval Flow in Odoo 17 Studio App
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
OS-operating systems- ch05 (CPU Scheduling) ...
 
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
 
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
 
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdfFICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
FICTIONAL SALESMAN/SALESMAN SNSW 2024.pdf
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of Transport
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of TransportBasic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of Transport
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering & Modes of Transport
 
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & SystemsOSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
OSCM Unit 2_Operations Processes & Systems
 
SURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project researchSURVEY I created for uni project research
SURVEY I created for uni project research
 
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjStl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
Stl Algorithms in C++ jjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj
 
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
Mattingly "AI & Prompt Design: Named Entity Recognition"
 
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPSSpellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
Spellings Wk 4 and Wk 5 for Grade 4 at CAPS
 

Organisational change

  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. What is Organizational Change? Organizational change is the process by which organizations move from their present state to some desired future state to increase their effectiveness.
  • 5. Organizational Change(cont.) • Involves Planned and Unplanned • Transformation in an Organization • It is the movement from current stage to some future and preferred stage • It is a continuous process
  • 6. Nature of change • History and Politics: This will have a significant bearing on its acceptance of change. Questions raised while planning for change are:  Where do the origin of the company lie?  What Image does the company like to promote?  Have they had good or bad previous experience of change?  What will be the effect of the change on the ‘balance of power’?  Parties impacted by the change?
  • 7. Nature of change(cont.) • Management and Organization: Change will impact the roles of management and the structure and operation of the organization.  senior management ensures encouraging opportunities for progress through innovation and recognition  Role of line management shifts from ‘autocrat’ to ‘facilitator’.  Boundaries between jobs, division and department become blurred.  Requirement for specialists decreases and the demand for multi- skilling increases.  Encourage for project and group work  Improving processes reduces the total availability of jobs.
  • 8. • People – For smallest change, do not underestimate the reaction of those impact. – With every change, comes an expectation of a reward for acceptance. – Think through carefully the impact of the change on every job it affects.
  • 9. Level of Change 1. Level of change • INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL CHANGE 2. Level of change • GROUP-LEVEL CHANGE 3. Level of change • ORGANIZATIONAL-LEVEL CHANGE
  • 10. Importance of change • Change is inevitable. • Life itself is almost synonymous with the concept of chnge. • All organisms must adapt to the demands of their environments and their own stage of growth. • Similarly ,human grow up , leaving behind the characteristics of earlier stages of development and adopting new behaviour to age , and expectations.an organisation is not much different. • An originations cannot and should not remain constant over time. Even if the management does not want to change, external pressure force it to change.
  • 11. Types of change • Evolutionary change • Revolutionary change  Evolutionary change involves the attempt to increase the effectiveness of the way an organisation currently operates ,revolutionary change involves the attempt to find new ways to be effective.  Revolutionary change is likely to result in a dramatic shift that involves a whole new way of doing things, new goals , and a new structure.
  • 12. Total Quality Management(TQM) • Total quality management is a technique developed by Edward Demming to improve the efficiency of flexible work teams. • The board goal of TQM is continuous improvement. • TQM is a rational techniques which is driven by hard statistical data on the need for change. TQM seeks to introduce change through four key components :- i. Systems iii. People ii. Processes iv. management • 2. Re- Engineering :- • “Re-engineering involves rethinking and redesign of business processes to increase organisational effectiveness.”`
  • 13. Total Quality Management(cont.) • Organisation that take up re-engineering deliberately ignore the exiting arrangement of tasks roles and work activities. • For the sake of more clarity, it is useful to state what re- engineering is not. Re- engineering is not automation. Restructuring or reorganisation, or delaying although these may be consequences of a re-engineering exercise. It is useful to consider why organisations might contemplate re-engineering ,given its radical nature.
  • 14. Forces for change in organisations • Causes for change:  External causes-  Globalisation  Workforce diversity  Technological change  Managing ethical behaviour  Government policies  Competition  Scarcity of resources
  • 15. Forces for change in organisations (cont.)  Internal causes- Organisational silence Failing effectiveness Crisis Changing employee expectations Change in the work climate
  • 16. What is Resistance to change • Resistance to change is the act of opposing or struggling with modifications or transformations that alter the status quo in the workplace.
  • 17. CHANGE Organizational Level Forces -Organizational Structure -Organizational Culture -Organizational Strategy -Over-Determination Group-Level Forces -Group Norms -Group Think Individual-Level Forces -Congnitive Biases -Uncertainty -Fear of Loss -Selective Perception -Habits -Logical Reasons Sub-Unit-Level Forces -Difference in Orientation -Power and Conflict
  • 18. What is Resistance to change?
  • 19. 1–19 Organization A consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people, that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals.
  • 20. Organizational process  Planning A process that includes defining goals, establishing strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities.  Organizing Determining what tasks are to be done, who is to do them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and where decisions are to be made.
  • 21. Organizational process(cont.)  Leading A function that includes motivating employees, directing others, selecting the most effective communication channels, and resolving conflicts.  Controlling Monitoring activities to ensure they are being accomplished as planned and correcting any significant deviations.
  • 22. Organizational Development OD Values: 1. Respect for people 2. Trust and support 3. Power equalization 4. Confrontation 5. Participation Organizational Development (OD) A collection of planned interventions, built on humanistic-democratic values, that seeks to improve organizational effectiveness and employee well-being.
  • 23. OD Techniques • Characteristics of OD Techniques Based on valid information collected by employees. Under guidance of change agent, employees get opportunities to make their choices regarding solution to the problems. Aimed at gaining personal commitment to their choices.
  • 24. Strategic Types of Techniques Human Process Human Resource Management Techno- Structural
  • 25. Human Process Technique – Improve interpersonal skills of employees – To analyze employees own and others behavior in order to solve interpersonal and intergroup problems
  • 27. Human Process Technique(cont) • Sensitivity and T-test Increase the awareness of employee’s own behavior how other perceive them Behavior of others Understating group process In India it was first conducted by Rolf Lynton in 1957
  • 28. Human process technique(cont.) • Team building Is the process of detecting and improving the effectiveness of work group Increase the effectiveness of teams will improve the org overall effectiveness
  • 29. Techno-structural Techniques – It rely on efforts to change the structure method and job design of the organization. – They focus more directly on productivity improvement and efficiency Quality of Work life Problems
  • 30. Techno-structural Techniques(cont.) • Quality of Work life Problems They have been designed to create situational that enhance employees motivation,satification and commitment to contribute to high level of organization performance
  • 31. Human Resource Management – They aim at hiring, training and performance appraisal can mould employee commitment, motivation and productivity.
  • 32. Strategic Techniques • Analyzing current strategy and organization design • Choosing desired strategy and organization design • Designing a strategic change plan • Implementing a strategy change plan
  • 33. Effectiveness of OD Programming There are numerous factors to be considered before any action is taken to resolve a specific problem. there are several reasons to this- It is difficult to measure the number, nature and magnitude of confounding variables. Preintervention measure of behavior are not taken Those doing the evaluations of OD programmers have a vested interest in proving success.
  • 34.
  • 35.