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GRACIOUS COLLEGE OF NURSING
CONDITION AFFECTING THE MOTHER
GENETIC AND INFECTIONS
PRESENTED BY
OM VERMA
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
Maternal infections during pregnancy, also
known as prenatal infections, can increase
the risk of a preterm birth, and for
serious heath complications in the
newborn. Complications can include
newborn. Complications can include
specific organ damage, developmental
delay, and even death.
These include phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH)
deficiency Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency also
called phenylketonuria (PKU), is an inherited disease
in which the body cannot properly process the
amino acid phenylalanine due to a deficient enzyme
called phenylalanine hydroxylase. and other inborn
called phenylalanine hydroxylase. and other inborn
errors of metabolism, tuberous sclerosis complex, (
It is a rare genetic condition that causes mainly non-
cancerous (benign) tumours to develop in different
parts of the body.
The tumors most often affect the brain, skin, kidneys,
heart, eyes and lungs. ) myotonic dystrophy (
progressive muscle wasting and weakness. ) cystic
fibrosis, Turner syndrome ( Turner syndrome, a
condition that affects only females, results when one of
condition that affects only females, results when one of
the X chromosomes (sex chromosomes) is missing or
partially missing, developmental problems, including short
height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects)
sickle cell disease, and connective tissue disorders.
CONDITION AFFECTING THE MOTHER
GENETIC AND INFECTIONS
GENETIC AND INFECTIONS
Affect Testicular Growth, Resulting In Smaller Than Normal Testicles, Which
Can Lead To Lower Production Of Testosterone.
Teratology is the study of abnormal development in embryos
and the causes of congenital malforma- tions or birth defects.
These anatomical or structural ...
Teratogens are substances that cause congenital
disorders in a developing embryo or fetus.
Maternal infection
Maternal infection -
Microcephaly is a condition where a baby's head is much smaller than expected
MULTIFACTORIAL INHERITECE
MULTIFACTORIAL INHERITECE
CONSANGUINITY ATOPY. 'Consanguinity'
comes from two Latin words; con means
shared and sanguis means blood.
Consanguinity describes a relationship
between two people who share a common
between two people who share a common
ancestor ( close relative ) or a 'shared blood'
relationship. For example, a relationship
between two cousins.
Urticaria - a rash of round, red welts on the skin
that itch intensely, sometimes with dangerous swelling, caused
by an allergic reaction, typically to specific foods.
Atopy is the genetic predilection to produce specific
immunoglobulin (Ig) E following exposure to allergens.
PRENATAL NUTRITION
AND
AND
FOOD ALLERGIES
1.
2.
3.
4.
CD8 T cells are critical
for mediating
clearance following
many acute viral
infections in the lung.
This cells suppressor
lead genetic
abnormality
Maternal prenatal and genetic influences on development of defect and disease.pdf

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Maternal prenatal and genetic influences on development of defect and disease.pdf

  • 1. GRACIOUS COLLEGE OF NURSING CONDITION AFFECTING THE MOTHER GENETIC AND INFECTIONS PRESENTED BY OM VERMA ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
  • 2.
  • 3. Maternal infections during pregnancy, also known as prenatal infections, can increase the risk of a preterm birth, and for serious heath complications in the newborn. Complications can include newborn. Complications can include specific organ damage, developmental delay, and even death.
  • 4. These include phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency Phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency also called phenylketonuria (PKU), is an inherited disease in which the body cannot properly process the amino acid phenylalanine due to a deficient enzyme called phenylalanine hydroxylase. and other inborn called phenylalanine hydroxylase. and other inborn errors of metabolism, tuberous sclerosis complex, ( It is a rare genetic condition that causes mainly non- cancerous (benign) tumours to develop in different parts of the body.
  • 5. The tumors most often affect the brain, skin, kidneys, heart, eyes and lungs. ) myotonic dystrophy ( progressive muscle wasting and weakness. ) cystic fibrosis, Turner syndrome ( Turner syndrome, a condition that affects only females, results when one of condition that affects only females, results when one of the X chromosomes (sex chromosomes) is missing or partially missing, developmental problems, including short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects) sickle cell disease, and connective tissue disorders.
  • 6. CONDITION AFFECTING THE MOTHER GENETIC AND INFECTIONS GENETIC AND INFECTIONS
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10. Affect Testicular Growth, Resulting In Smaller Than Normal Testicles, Which Can Lead To Lower Production Of Testosterone.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14. Teratology is the study of abnormal development in embryos and the causes of congenital malforma- tions or birth defects. These anatomical or structural ...
  • 15.
  • 16. Teratogens are substances that cause congenital disorders in a developing embryo or fetus.
  • 18.
  • 20.
  • 21. Microcephaly is a condition where a baby's head is much smaller than expected
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28. CONSANGUINITY ATOPY. 'Consanguinity' comes from two Latin words; con means shared and sanguis means blood. Consanguinity describes a relationship between two people who share a common between two people who share a common ancestor ( close relative ) or a 'shared blood' relationship. For example, a relationship between two cousins.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33. Urticaria - a rash of round, red welts on the skin that itch intensely, sometimes with dangerous swelling, caused by an allergic reaction, typically to specific foods.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37. Atopy is the genetic predilection to produce specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E following exposure to allergens.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 41.
  • 42.
  • 43. 1.
  • 44. 2.
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47. 3.
  • 48. 4.
  • 49.
  • 50. CD8 T cells are critical for mediating clearance following many acute viral infections in the lung. This cells suppressor lead genetic abnormality