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India and Pakistan
Let’s make like a banana and split!
The WAY BACK Machine
 Way back, around
World War I, the British
had already begun
discussing freeing India.
 Meanwhile, the Muslim
and Hindu populations
of India presented a
serious potential for
fighting.
 The Indian National
Congress was primarily
Hindu and so the
Muslims formed a group
called the Muslim
League.
Mohandas Gandhi
 Gandhi led the
independence
movement of
India, using non-
violence.
 Led boycotts against
British clothing
 and of British salt.
 He also fasted to show
his frustration with the
British.
 What American event
and person does this
sound like?
Limited Freedom to Total Freedom
 Right before World War II, the British gave India self-
rule, meaning they could vote for their leaders.
 After World War II, Britain was ready to give them
complete independence because it was expensive to
run India.
Breaking It In Pieces To Keep The Peace
 However, fearing a war might break out between the
Muslims and Hindus, Britain divided the country into
two: India (for Hindus) and Pakistan (for Muslims) in
1947.
 Both groups were happy and began moving to their
respective areas.
Violence Came Anyway
 In spite of this, one
million people died
during fighting as
groups migrated to the
new regions.
 A major source of
problems has been the
Kashmir, a place India
controls, but that is
predominantly Muslim.
Enter: The UN
 The situation got so bad that the UN had to get
involved.
 India was forced to give 1/3 of the region to
Pakistan.
 Problems still continue.
Enter: Bangladesh?!
 The original division of
India and Pakistan made
little sense because
Pakistan was divided into
two parts with India in the
middle.
 Pakistan’s government
was located in Western
Pakistan and the eastern
portion felt ignored.
 With India’s aid, East
Pakistan fought for, and
gained, independence
becoming Bangladesh.

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India and pakistan

  • 1. India and Pakistan Let’s make like a banana and split!
  • 2. The WAY BACK Machine  Way back, around World War I, the British had already begun discussing freeing India.  Meanwhile, the Muslim and Hindu populations of India presented a serious potential for fighting.  The Indian National Congress was primarily Hindu and so the Muslims formed a group called the Muslim League.
  • 3. Mohandas Gandhi  Gandhi led the independence movement of India, using non- violence.  Led boycotts against British clothing  and of British salt.  He also fasted to show his frustration with the British.  What American event and person does this sound like?
  • 4. Limited Freedom to Total Freedom  Right before World War II, the British gave India self- rule, meaning they could vote for their leaders.  After World War II, Britain was ready to give them complete independence because it was expensive to run India.
  • 5. Breaking It In Pieces To Keep The Peace  However, fearing a war might break out between the Muslims and Hindus, Britain divided the country into two: India (for Hindus) and Pakistan (for Muslims) in 1947.  Both groups were happy and began moving to their respective areas.
  • 6. Violence Came Anyway  In spite of this, one million people died during fighting as groups migrated to the new regions.  A major source of problems has been the Kashmir, a place India controls, but that is predominantly Muslim.
  • 7. Enter: The UN  The situation got so bad that the UN had to get involved.  India was forced to give 1/3 of the region to Pakistan.  Problems still continue.
  • 8. Enter: Bangladesh?!  The original division of India and Pakistan made little sense because Pakistan was divided into two parts with India in the middle.  Pakistan’s government was located in Western Pakistan and the eastern portion felt ignored.  With India’s aid, East Pakistan fought for, and gained, independence becoming Bangladesh.