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A WHOLE NEW WORLD
Two Diametric Views
 America had a
representative
democracy (republic)
and a capitalist
economy.
 The Soviet Union had an
unlimited government/
communist government
and a socialist economy.
AfterWorld War II, America and the Soviet Union found
themselves diametrically opposed.
This led to the beginning
of the ColdWar.
Tensions Between the Allies
 During the war, Franklin
RooseveltWinston
Churchill ,and Joseph
Stalin disagreed over
what should be done
with the Axis powers.
 America and the United
Kingdom wanted free
countries with elections.
Stalin’s Opinion
 Stalin wanted the
areas to become
communist.
 He promised to
allow the places the
Soviet Union took
from Germany to be
free.
But….
 After the war though,
Stalin broke his
promise and set up
communist
governments in those
areas.
 Germany, specifically,
became a major issue.
Why Was Germany an Issue?
 The Soviets invaded Germany from the east.
 Great Britain, France, and America each went into
Germany from the west.
 Would Germany be free or communist?
East Coast, West Coast!
 When Germany surrendered, the Soviet Union
and America stopped getting along.
 During the war, the different groups discussed
what to do to Germany and decided to split
Germany into two countries.
 America, Britain, and France allowed the places
they took over to becomeWest Germany (The
Federal Republic of Germany) but the Soviet
Union required its portion of Germany to be
communist and called it East Germany (The
Democratic Republic of Germany).
Berlin
 Berlin was located in East Germany. It was
Germany’s capital.
 Berlin was split into East Berlin (communist) and
West Berlin (free).
 This division became the defining conflict after
WorldWar II. America represented freedom and
the Soviet Union represented Communism.

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A whole new world

  • 1. A WHOLE NEW WORLD
  • 2. Two Diametric Views  America had a representative democracy (republic) and a capitalist economy.  The Soviet Union had an unlimited government/ communist government and a socialist economy. AfterWorld War II, America and the Soviet Union found themselves diametrically opposed. This led to the beginning of the ColdWar.
  • 3. Tensions Between the Allies  During the war, Franklin RooseveltWinston Churchill ,and Joseph Stalin disagreed over what should be done with the Axis powers.  America and the United Kingdom wanted free countries with elections.
  • 4. Stalin’s Opinion  Stalin wanted the areas to become communist.  He promised to allow the places the Soviet Union took from Germany to be free.
  • 5. But….  After the war though, Stalin broke his promise and set up communist governments in those areas.  Germany, specifically, became a major issue.
  • 6. Why Was Germany an Issue?  The Soviets invaded Germany from the east.  Great Britain, France, and America each went into Germany from the west.  Would Germany be free or communist?
  • 7. East Coast, West Coast!  When Germany surrendered, the Soviet Union and America stopped getting along.  During the war, the different groups discussed what to do to Germany and decided to split Germany into two countries.  America, Britain, and France allowed the places they took over to becomeWest Germany (The Federal Republic of Germany) but the Soviet Union required its portion of Germany to be communist and called it East Germany (The Democratic Republic of Germany).
  • 8. Berlin  Berlin was located in East Germany. It was Germany’s capital.  Berlin was split into East Berlin (communist) and West Berlin (free).  This division became the defining conflict after WorldWar II. America represented freedom and the Soviet Union represented Communism.