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Freedom for Africa
Africa follows Asia
 After India gained
independence, many other Asian
countries sought
independence, mostly peacefully.
 African groups, like Asian
groups, experienced nationalistic
movements.
 People of Africa wanted freedom from
European control, after World War II.
Ghana
 Ghana was the first
African country to
gain independence
after World War II.
 Kwame Nkrumah
followed Gandhi's
example and used
boycotts and
nonviolence to get
Ghana’s
independence.
Algeria
 Algerians had to
fight to gain
independence from
France.
 The Algerian
National Liberation
Front had to fight
hundreds of
thousands of
French soldiers.
Kenya
 In Kenya, the British
and their settlers did
not want to grant
Kenya independence.
 Jomo Kenyatta, the
leader of Kenyan
nationalism, was
arrested for failing to
stand up to guerilla
fighters, fighting for
independence.
 When Kenya was
given independence,
Jomo was the first
president.
The Congo  Some places
experienced more
violence when they
became free.
 The people of the
Congo were not
prepared to run a
country when freed.
 Rival ethnicities
hated each other
and a civil war broke
out.
 Finally a dictator
took over.
South Africa
 South Africa was an unusual country,
granted independence prior to both
World Wars.
 However, the small white South
African population created a political
system that kept the majority black
South African population out of power.
Apartheid
 Apartheid –
legalized racial
segregation in
South Africa
 Black South
Africans were
denied the vote
and forced to live
on land bad for
farming.
The African National
Congress
 Groups protested this racist policy.
 The most famous group to protest
apartheid was the African National
Congress.
 Leaders were arrested (Nelson Mandala)
or killed (Stephen Biko)
Equality
 In 1989, a new president was elected and
began to end apartheid.
 Mandela was freed from prison soon after.
 In 1994, in the first universal election,
Mandela was elected president. He was
the first black South African President.

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Freedom for africa

  • 2. Africa follows Asia  After India gained independence, many other Asian countries sought independence, mostly peacefully.  African groups, like Asian groups, experienced nationalistic movements.  People of Africa wanted freedom from European control, after World War II.
  • 3. Ghana  Ghana was the first African country to gain independence after World War II.  Kwame Nkrumah followed Gandhi's example and used boycotts and nonviolence to get Ghana’s independence.
  • 4. Algeria  Algerians had to fight to gain independence from France.  The Algerian National Liberation Front had to fight hundreds of thousands of French soldiers.
  • 5. Kenya  In Kenya, the British and their settlers did not want to grant Kenya independence.  Jomo Kenyatta, the leader of Kenyan nationalism, was arrested for failing to stand up to guerilla fighters, fighting for independence.  When Kenya was given independence, Jomo was the first president.
  • 6. The Congo  Some places experienced more violence when they became free.  The people of the Congo were not prepared to run a country when freed.  Rival ethnicities hated each other and a civil war broke out.  Finally a dictator took over.
  • 7. South Africa  South Africa was an unusual country, granted independence prior to both World Wars.  However, the small white South African population created a political system that kept the majority black South African population out of power.
  • 8. Apartheid  Apartheid – legalized racial segregation in South Africa  Black South Africans were denied the vote and forced to live on land bad for farming.
  • 9. The African National Congress  Groups protested this racist policy.  The most famous group to protest apartheid was the African National Congress.  Leaders were arrested (Nelson Mandala) or killed (Stephen Biko)
  • 10. Equality  In 1989, a new president was elected and began to end apartheid.  Mandela was freed from prison soon after.  In 1994, in the first universal election, Mandela was elected president. He was the first black South African President.