Zionism and israel


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Zionism and israel

  1. 1. Zionism and Israel
  2. 2. Zionism born!  Zionism is Hebrew nationalism.  Since the Romans kicked the Jewish people out of Israel in the second century A.D., the Jewish people have desired to go home.  Due to the rise of Zionism, the desire to go home became huge in the 1800s.  When the British defeated the Ottoman Empire in World War I, they announced the Balfour Declaration, stating their support for Jewish people and Palestinians to both have homes in the
  3. 3. Because of the Holocaust  After World War II, the United Nations chose to divide Palastine (modern day name for the land of Israel) into two countries: Palestine and Israel.  They would share Jerusalem (ancient capital of Israel).  Israel became a country in 1948.
  4. 4. We all have bad neighbors….  The Palestinians hated this idea and developed their own nationalistic ideas.  Right away, they attacked Israel and lost.  The Palestinians fought Israel in 1948 and 1956.  Israel won both times and claimed part of what was to be the
  5. 5. Also Next Door……  The Suez Crisis in 1956 did not help things.  Egyptian President Nasser wanted to take over the Suez Canal, built by the British. Britain obviously wanted to keep it.  With support from Israel and France, Britain beat the Egyptians, but America and the Soviet Union made them give the canal to Egypt anyway. Why?
  6. 6. Back to Israel….  The Palestinians did not learn the lesson from the first two wars.  In 1964, Yasir Arafat took over the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).  It is a terrorist organization supposedly dedicated to creating a Palestinian
  7. 7. Arafat’s Devious Plans….  Like a bad movie villain, Arafat began creating an alliance of Israel’s enemies to jump Israel.  Knowing it was coming, though, the Jewish people attacked the PLO, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and Iran and beat them in the Six Day War (1967).  A few years later, Israel was attacked again on Yom-Kippur by the same group.  At first, the Arab invaders were winning but the Israelis quickly fought back.  The U.N. orchestrated a cease-fire officially ending the fighting.
  8. 8. On to Camp David….  By this point, Egypt was tired of being beaten by tiny Israel.  At Camp David (an American presidential retreat), Israel and Egypt signed the first local peace treaty.  Egypt got the Sinai Peninsula back and accepted Israel’s right to exist.  Because many Arabs considered this a betrayal, the Egyptian president was soon murdered.
  9. 9. The Intifada  In 1987, Palestinians launched the Intifada (a holy war) on Jewish soldiers.  In 1993, the Oslo Accords helped create a degree of peace between the PLO and Israel.  Israel gave the Palestinians land to create their homeland but Yitzhak Rabin (the Jewish Prime Minister) was killed by Jewish
  10. 10. Declaration of Human Rights  The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights was also developed as a result of the major atrocities of WWII. ◦ human rights standards for all nations ◦ Defined genocide (mass killings)