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PRESENTATION
ON
HYDRAULIC BASED COMPONENT
1.HYDRAULIC CRANE
2.HYDRAULIC LIFT
3.HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR
4.HYDRAULIC INTENSIFIER
5.JET PUMP
PRESENTED BY:
GAURAV SHARMA
HYDRAULIC CRANE
The hydraulic crane is used for
transferring or raising heavy loads.
It can be used up to loads 2500 kN.
It is widely used in loading and
unloading ship, warehouses,
workshop, heavy industries and
dock sidings
CONSTRUCTION
WORKING
During the lifting the load by crane,
the high pressure water is
admitted into the fixed cylinder of
jigger.
The pressuriesed water forces the
sliding ram to move right with movable
pulley bock.
WORKING
So that the distance between
two pulley blocks increases
Which causes the wire passing over
the guide pulley is pulled by the
jigger and hence the load attached
to hook is lifted.
HYDRAULIC LIFT
WHAT IS HYDRAULIC LIFT?
Hydraulic lift is a device used for carrying
passenger or goods from one floor to another in
multi- storied building to raise heavy objects.
• Pascal's law is a principle in fluid mechanics that
states that pressure exerted anywhere in a confined
incompressible fluid is transmitted equally in all
directions throughout the fluid such that the
pressure variations (initial differences) remain the
same.
• This law is applied to lifts.
WORKING PRINCIPLE
APPLICATIONS OF HYDRAULIC LIFTS:
1.WHEEL CHAIR LIFT
2.TRUCK TRAILOR
3.MATERIAL HANDLING
4.INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULLIC APPLICATION
HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR
A hydraulic accumulator is a
pressure storage reservoir in
which a non-
compressible hydraulic fluid is
held under pressure by an
external source. The external
source can be a spring, a raised
weight, or a compressed gas.
INTRODUCTION
• A Hydraulic Accumulator is energy storage device.
• The external source used can be a spring, a raised
weight, or a compressed gas.
• The main reasons that an accumulator is used in
a hydraulic system, is that the pump doesn’t need
to be so large to cope with extremes of demand
and supply circuit can respond quickly to any
temporary demand and to smooth pulsation.
1. Tower type accumulator
TYPES OF HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR
2.Raised weight accumulator
3.Spring type accumulator
4.Compressed air accumulator/
hydro- pneumatic accumulator
HYDARULIC SYMBOLS
APPLICATIONS
Accumulators are devices used to store fluid power to do the
following:
 Agricultural Machinery & Equipment.
 Forestry Equipment.
 Oil Field & Offshore.
 Machine Tools and Off- Road Equipment.
 Mining Machinery & Equipment.
 Construction Equipment.
 Suspension in vehicles.
• It is a device
used for
producing high
pressure liquid
by using the
energy of
larger amount
of liquid at
low pressure.
HYDRAULIC INTENSIFIER
TYPES OF INTENSIFIER
1.Single acting intensifier:
As it supplies high pressure
liquid during downward stroke
only.
2.Double acting intensifier:
It gives continuous supply of
high pressure liquid.
• It is required in hydraulic
machines such as hydraulic
presses which requires fluid at
high pressure. And the pump
cannot provide high pressure fluid
therefore a hydraulic intensifier is
placed in between the pump and
machine which would supply high
pressure fluid.
APPLICATION
• Air operated hydraulic intensifier are commonly
used for clamping, holding, punching, presses,
jacks etc.
JET PUMP
• A jet pump essentially
comprises a nozzle and a diffuser
assembly.
• Jet pump is used to transfer
momentum from a high
velocity primary stream to a
secondary stream that gets
entrained. It is packaged with
the advantage of geometrical
simplicity without any moving
parts.
• Water and air have been used as fluids in the primary and
secondary streams respectively. Nozzle profiles selected is
conical. The mean diameter of nozzles are kept to be 4mm
and 6mm.
• The pressure energy of water converted into kinetic
energy and accordingly the pressure gets reduced.
• A stream of high pressure water from delivery pipe of
the pump or from an independent supply reservoir is
allowed to flow through the nozzle section.
1.in marine applications, jet pumps are used to transfer
seawater.
2.In home applications, they are used to move wastewater up
to the sewer line.
APPLICATION
THANK YOU

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hydraulic system

  • 1. PRESENTATION ON HYDRAULIC BASED COMPONENT 1.HYDRAULIC CRANE 2.HYDRAULIC LIFT 3.HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR 4.HYDRAULIC INTENSIFIER 5.JET PUMP PRESENTED BY: GAURAV SHARMA
  • 2. HYDRAULIC CRANE The hydraulic crane is used for transferring or raising heavy loads. It can be used up to loads 2500 kN. It is widely used in loading and unloading ship, warehouses, workshop, heavy industries and dock sidings
  • 4. WORKING During the lifting the load by crane, the high pressure water is admitted into the fixed cylinder of jigger. The pressuriesed water forces the sliding ram to move right with movable pulley bock.
  • 5. WORKING So that the distance between two pulley blocks increases Which causes the wire passing over the guide pulley is pulled by the jigger and hence the load attached to hook is lifted.
  • 7. WHAT IS HYDRAULIC LIFT? Hydraulic lift is a device used for carrying passenger or goods from one floor to another in multi- storied building to raise heavy objects. • Pascal's law is a principle in fluid mechanics that states that pressure exerted anywhere in a confined incompressible fluid is transmitted equally in all directions throughout the fluid such that the pressure variations (initial differences) remain the same. • This law is applied to lifts. WORKING PRINCIPLE
  • 8. APPLICATIONS OF HYDRAULIC LIFTS: 1.WHEEL CHAIR LIFT 2.TRUCK TRAILOR 3.MATERIAL HANDLING 4.INDUSTRIAL HYDRAULLIC APPLICATION
  • 9. HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR A hydraulic accumulator is a pressure storage reservoir in which a non- compressible hydraulic fluid is held under pressure by an external source. The external source can be a spring, a raised weight, or a compressed gas.
  • 10. INTRODUCTION • A Hydraulic Accumulator is energy storage device. • The external source used can be a spring, a raised weight, or a compressed gas. • The main reasons that an accumulator is used in a hydraulic system, is that the pump doesn’t need to be so large to cope with extremes of demand and supply circuit can respond quickly to any temporary demand and to smooth pulsation.
  • 11. 1. Tower type accumulator TYPES OF HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR 2.Raised weight accumulator
  • 12. 3.Spring type accumulator 4.Compressed air accumulator/ hydro- pneumatic accumulator
  • 14. APPLICATIONS Accumulators are devices used to store fluid power to do the following:  Agricultural Machinery & Equipment.  Forestry Equipment.  Oil Field & Offshore.  Machine Tools and Off- Road Equipment.  Mining Machinery & Equipment.  Construction Equipment.  Suspension in vehicles.
  • 15. • It is a device used for producing high pressure liquid by using the energy of larger amount of liquid at low pressure. HYDRAULIC INTENSIFIER
  • 16. TYPES OF INTENSIFIER 1.Single acting intensifier: As it supplies high pressure liquid during downward stroke only. 2.Double acting intensifier: It gives continuous supply of high pressure liquid.
  • 17. • It is required in hydraulic machines such as hydraulic presses which requires fluid at high pressure. And the pump cannot provide high pressure fluid therefore a hydraulic intensifier is placed in between the pump and machine which would supply high pressure fluid. APPLICATION • Air operated hydraulic intensifier are commonly used for clamping, holding, punching, presses, jacks etc.
  • 18. JET PUMP • A jet pump essentially comprises a nozzle and a diffuser assembly. • Jet pump is used to transfer momentum from a high velocity primary stream to a secondary stream that gets entrained. It is packaged with the advantage of geometrical simplicity without any moving parts.
  • 19. • Water and air have been used as fluids in the primary and secondary streams respectively. Nozzle profiles selected is conical. The mean diameter of nozzles are kept to be 4mm and 6mm. • The pressure energy of water converted into kinetic energy and accordingly the pressure gets reduced. • A stream of high pressure water from delivery pipe of the pump or from an independent supply reservoir is allowed to flow through the nozzle section. 1.in marine applications, jet pumps are used to transfer seawater. 2.In home applications, they are used to move wastewater up to the sewer line. APPLICATION