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REVIEW FOR FRENCH 3 
MID-TERM EXAM 
Take notes! Go back through the lessons! You won’t be sorry!
LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ 
• Probably your best prep for the passé composé will be to go back to the 
announcements that were eloquently delivered about the passé composé. But this 
is a synopsis. 
• Passé composé = HELPING VERB + PAST PARTICIPLE 
• Helping verb will be AVOIR or ÊTRE – (mrs. Dr vandertramp are the être verbs – 
remember the announcement?) 
• Past participle will be formed by dropping the ending from verbs and adding 
something according to a general pattern (for regular verbs). 
Parler – ER + é= 
parlé 
Finir – IR + i = fini 
Vendre – RE + u = 
vendu
JOIN THEM! 
• Remember we said the passé composé is TWO THINGS – always. So it will be the 
helping verb in the right form + the past participle, looking like this: 
J’ai parlé 
Tu as fini 
On a vendu 
Nous avons dansé 
Vous avez choisi 
Elles ont entendu
IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES 
• Remember, as all things with French, some past participles are irregular! 
• Écrire – écrit 
• Boire-bu 
• Voir-vu 
• Être – été 
• Prendre- pris 
• Comprendre – compris
ÊTRE VERBS 
• The intransitive verbs of motion (Monter, rester, sortir, devenir, retourner, venir, 
aller, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, revenir, arriver, mourir, partir) 
will use the verb être instead of avoir to form the passé composé. 
• When we use être, we also make the PAST PARTICIPLE “agree” (in gender / 
number) with the subject (yes, just as we do with adjectives). 
• You have to memorize which verbs will use être! There will not be a list on 
the exam!! 
• The next page here shows you what the être verbs would look like in the 
passé composé.
ÊTRE VERBS AU PASSÉ 
COMPOSÉ! 
• Here you can see what the être verb looks like with agreement. We are 
assumming that the subject of the JE and NOUS / Tu / VOUS are all FEMALES 
– do you see the agreement made? 
Je suis arrivée 
Tu es devenue 
Elle est allée 
Nous sommes descendues 
Vous êtes née 
Elles sont entrées
ÊTRE VERBS AU PASSÉ 
COMPOSÉ! 
• Now we are assumming that the subject of the JE and NOUS / Tu / VOUS are 
all male – do you see the agreement made? 
Je suis arrivé 
Tu es devenu 
Il est allé 
Nous sommes descendus 
Vous êtes né 
Ils sont entrés
SPECIAL PASSÉ COMPOSÉ 
• If the direct object comes in front of the past participle – even if the verb is one that 
uses AVOIR, we make the past participle agree with the subject. 
➢C’est la lettre que ma tante a écrite. 
➢Ce sont les garçons que nous avons vus.
L’IMPARFAIT 
• The other past tense we learned is far less complicated. It is l’imparfait. It talks 
about actions that were begun and or repeatedly happened in the past. 
• It is frequently used to narrate in the past. Frequently, it is used to talk about: 
➢Age 
➢Appearance 
➢Weather 
➢Date 
➢Locations 
➢Time
LES FORMES 
The stem of the imparfait is the first person plural (nous) form of the present tense, minus the -ons. 
The imparfait stem is regular for all verbs except être: 
verb present tense 
'nous' form 
imparfait 
stem 
-er verbs: parler nous parlons parl- 
-ir verbs: finir nous finissons finiss- 
-re verbs: descendre nous descendons descend-faire 
nous faisons fais-prendre 
nous prenons pren-partir 
nous partons part-être 
nous sommes ét-
THE ENDINGS 
• To the stem, add the endings -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, and -aient. Note that -ais, - 
ais, -ait, and -aient are all pronounced alike. That means that the singular forms and 
3rd person plural (the boot) all sound the same! 
Je parlais 
Tu parlais 
Elle parlait 
Nous parlions 
Vous parliez 
Ils parlaient
LE FUTUR 
The future tense consists of a 'future stem', generally the same as the infinitive, plus an ending 
depending on the subject. Here is the verb donner with all its future tense forms: 
Subject Stem Ending Form Meaning 
je donner- -ai je donnerai 
I'll give, I'll be 
giving 
tu donner- -as tu donneras 
you'll give, you'll be 
giving 
il donner- -a il donnera 
I'll give, I'll be 
giving 
nous donner- -ons nous donnerons 
we'll give, we'll be 
giving 
vous donner- -ez vous donnerez 
you'll give, you'll be 
giving 
ils donner- -ont ils donneront 
they'll give, they'll 
be giving
MORE FUTUR 
• Similarly, finir gives je finirai etc. Verbs that end in -re remove the -e of the 
infinitive before adding the future tense endings: je vendrai, je mettrai, je boirai. 
• These verbs have irregular future stems 
Être Ser- Avoir Aur- 
Venir Viendr- Voir Verr- 
Aller Ir- Faire Fer- 
Pouvoir Pourr- Savoir Saur- 
Vouloir Voudr- Pleuvoir Pleuvr- 
Falloir Faudr Mourir Mourr-
LE CONDITIONNEL 
• The conditional is formed by adding the IMPERFECT TENSE ENDINGS to the 
INFINITIVE FORM. 
Verb Future stem Conditional form English translation 
donner(to) give donner- je donneraistu donneraisil 
donneraitnous 
donnerionsvous 
donneriezils donneraient 
I'd giveyou'd giveetc 
boire(to) drink boir- je boiraistu boiraisil 
boiraitnous boirionsvous 
boiriezils boiraient 
I'd drinkyou'd drinketc 
venir(to) come viendr- je viendraistu viendraisil 
viendraitnous 
viendrionsvous 
viendriezils viendraient 
I'd comeyou'd comeetc
PRONOUNS 
Direct object Indirect object Reflexive 
Me Me Me 
Te Te Te 
Le, la, l’ Lui Se 
Nous Nous Nous 
Vous Vous Vous 
Les Leur Se 
The DO answers the 
The IO answers the 
question WHO? Or WHAT? 
question TO WHOM or 
After the verb in your 
FOR WHOM after the verb 
sentence. 
in your sentence. 
The reflexive pronoun 
comes in front of a 
reflexive verb (je 
m’appelle).
PRONOUN PLACEMENT 
• If you have ONE verb in the sentence, the pronoun will go in front of that verb. 
➢J’achète la voiture. Je l’achète. 
➢If you have an affirmative command (telling someone to do something), hook the 
pronoun on to the end of the verb. 
➢ Achète la voiture! Achète-la! 
➢If you have a negative command (telling someone NOT to do something), the 
pronouns will go in front of the verb. 
➢ N’achète pas la voiture! Ne l’achète pas!
Y / EN 
• The object pronoun Y will replace à, sur, sous, chez, etc and a place. 
➢ Je vais à Paris. J’y vais. 
• The object pronoun EN will replace the partitive article, quantities, etc. 
➢Nous avons trois chiens. Nous en avons trois.
LES ADJECTIFS 
• Remember that adjectives change forms according to gender / number. Go back to 
Les Sentiments page 1A to review several irregular adjective patterns we have 
learned. 
• Keep in mind about placement – the adjective in French generally goes behind the 
noun. Some will go in front (BAGS – Beauty, Age, Gender, Size) + Good and Bad 
always go in front. 
➢C’est un petit garçon. 
➢C’est une belle fille. 
➢Ce sont des bons libres. 
➢Ce sont des mauvaises classes.
QUI / QUE / DONT 
• These are relative pronouns that will be used to join clauses like “that” or “which” or 
“who” in English. The “next Word” (after the need for relative pronoun) can be a big 
clue to help us figure these out. 
• Qui will come in front of a VERB only. 
➢C’est mon père qui a préparé le repas. 
➢Ce sont les voitures qui coûtent beaucoup. 
• Que will come in front of a SUBJECT PRONOUN Or NOUN only. 
➢C’est le livre que mon prof a lu. 
➢Voici les garçons que nous avons connus. 
➢(Do you remember why we need “connus” on the last one?)
DONT 
• Dont will be used when the verb used WOULD have been followed by DE. 
➢Especially you will use this with: avoir envie DE; avoir besoin DE…parler DE 
➢La fille dont tu parles est ma copine. 
➢Le café dont ils ont envie est dans ce café. 
➢Les cahiers dont les étudiants ont besoin sont chez le prof. 
➢If the verb would need to be followed by DE to complete it’s thought, use DONT. 
➢In all of those examples you can see the verb would have needed to be tu parles 
de….ils ont envie de….les étudiants ont besoin de….so we have to use DONT.
CE QUI, CE QUE, CE DONT 
• We will follow the same basic rules for these, except now, NOTHING SPECIFIC is 
going to be referred to in the first clause. 
➢C’est exactement ce dont j’ai envie. (That’s exactly what I want. 
WHAT? Nothing specific is referred to. Use CE DONT.) 
➢Voici ce que j’ai fait. (Here is what I did. WHAT? Nothing specific is 
referred to. Use CE QUE.) 
➢Voilà ce qui est dans mon sac. (There is what’s in my bag. WHAT? 
Nothing specific is referred to. Use CE QUI.)
LES ADVERBES 
• Generally we will take the adjective in the feminine form and add – ment to it to 
make the adverb. The next slide shows others that are very commonly used in 
French. 
• Adverbs are placed directly before the adjective or adverb that they modify. 
• Adverbs are usually placed immediately after the conjugated verb. If the verb is 
negative, the adverb is placed after the negation. 
• The adverb in French usually follows the conjugated verb. Thus, in all compound 
tenses (i.e. tenses where an auxiliary is required, such as the passé composé), 
adverbs are placed right after the auxiliary and just before the past participle.
PLUS AVEC LES ADVERBES 
manner bien, well mal, badly vite, quickly 
time souvent, often quelquefois, sometimes toujours, always 
jamais, never tôt, early tard, late 
bientôt, soon aujourd'hui, today hier, yesterday 
maintenant, now déjà, already demain, tomorrow 
place dedans, inside dehors, outside ici, here 
là, there partout, everywhere quelque part, somewhere 
quantity or degree beaucoup, a lot très, very trop, too much 
assez, enough peu, little, not much peut-être, maybe 
sequence d'abord, at first puis, then, next alors, then, so 
donc, thus enfin, finally
L’IMPÉRATIF (COMMANDS) 
There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous. 
For all verbs, the imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the regular present tense, 
but without subject pronouns. The lack of a subject pronoun is what identifies the imperative mood. 
finir 'to finish' 
present imperative translation 
tu finis finis finish (you, familiar) 
nous 
finissons 
finissons let's finish 
vous finissez finissez finish
PLUS AVEC L’IMPÉRATIF 
• The tu form is used to give an order to a child or when the speaker is on familiar 
terms with the person addressed. The vous form is used to give an order to a group 
of people or to address one person in the vous form. The nous form is used to give 
an order that involves oneself as well as others, though it often expresses a 
suggestion as its translation (Let's ... ) indicates. 
• Drop the final s in the tu forms of the imperative for -er verbs, including aller, and -ir 
verbs like ouvrir and other verbs whose present indicative form of tu ends in -es: 
Present Imperative Translation 
Tu regardes Regarde! Watch, look at 
Tu ouvres Ouvre Open 
Tu vas Va go
REMEMBER – WITH COMMANDS 
• We will hook on pronouns to affirmative commands. 
• We will put pronouns in front of negative commands. 
➢Watch it – regarde-le! 
➢Give me – Donne-moi! 
➢Go there- Allez-y 
➢Don’t watch it – Ne le regarde pas. 
➢Don’t give me. Ne me donne pas! 
➢Don’t go there. N’y allez pas!
• Go through your lesson material to find these irregular verb forms. 
Avoir Être Savoir vouloir
QUEL VS. LEQUEL 
• Remember that these have to agree in gender / number with the nouns they either 
modify or replace. 
➢Quel livre? Quelle voiture? Quels libres? Quelles voitures? 
• LEQUEL (and other forms) are the PRONOUNS. They cannot be followed by a 
NOUN. They replace a NOUN since that is the function of a pronoun.
HISTOIRE & CULTURE 
• Your exam also has history and cultural material from the five units. 
• Please be sure to go back through this material to practice and review. 
• Let me know what questions you have.

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Fr3 midtermreview.pptx

  • 1. REVIEW FOR FRENCH 3 MID-TERM EXAM Take notes! Go back through the lessons! You won’t be sorry!
  • 2. LE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ • Probably your best prep for the passé composé will be to go back to the announcements that were eloquently delivered about the passé composé. But this is a synopsis. • Passé composé = HELPING VERB + PAST PARTICIPLE • Helping verb will be AVOIR or ÊTRE – (mrs. Dr vandertramp are the être verbs – remember the announcement?) • Past participle will be formed by dropping the ending from verbs and adding something according to a general pattern (for regular verbs). Parler – ER + é= parlé Finir – IR + i = fini Vendre – RE + u = vendu
  • 3. JOIN THEM! • Remember we said the passé composé is TWO THINGS – always. So it will be the helping verb in the right form + the past participle, looking like this: J’ai parlé Tu as fini On a vendu Nous avons dansé Vous avez choisi Elles ont entendu
  • 4. IRREGULAR PAST PARTICIPLES • Remember, as all things with French, some past participles are irregular! • Écrire – écrit • Boire-bu • Voir-vu • Être – été • Prendre- pris • Comprendre – compris
  • 5. ÊTRE VERBS • The intransitive verbs of motion (Monter, rester, sortir, devenir, retourner, venir, aller, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, revenir, arriver, mourir, partir) will use the verb être instead of avoir to form the passé composé. • When we use être, we also make the PAST PARTICIPLE “agree” (in gender / number) with the subject (yes, just as we do with adjectives). • You have to memorize which verbs will use être! There will not be a list on the exam!! • The next page here shows you what the être verbs would look like in the passé composé.
  • 6. ÊTRE VERBS AU PASSÉ COMPOSÉ! • Here you can see what the être verb looks like with agreement. We are assumming that the subject of the JE and NOUS / Tu / VOUS are all FEMALES – do you see the agreement made? Je suis arrivée Tu es devenue Elle est allée Nous sommes descendues Vous êtes née Elles sont entrées
  • 7. ÊTRE VERBS AU PASSÉ COMPOSÉ! • Now we are assumming that the subject of the JE and NOUS / Tu / VOUS are all male – do you see the agreement made? Je suis arrivé Tu es devenu Il est allé Nous sommes descendus Vous êtes né Ils sont entrés
  • 8. SPECIAL PASSÉ COMPOSÉ • If the direct object comes in front of the past participle – even if the verb is one that uses AVOIR, we make the past participle agree with the subject. ➢C’est la lettre que ma tante a écrite. ➢Ce sont les garçons que nous avons vus.
  • 9. L’IMPARFAIT • The other past tense we learned is far less complicated. It is l’imparfait. It talks about actions that were begun and or repeatedly happened in the past. • It is frequently used to narrate in the past. Frequently, it is used to talk about: ➢Age ➢Appearance ➢Weather ➢Date ➢Locations ➢Time
  • 10. LES FORMES The stem of the imparfait is the first person plural (nous) form of the present tense, minus the -ons. The imparfait stem is regular for all verbs except être: verb present tense 'nous' form imparfait stem -er verbs: parler nous parlons parl- -ir verbs: finir nous finissons finiss- -re verbs: descendre nous descendons descend-faire nous faisons fais-prendre nous prenons pren-partir nous partons part-être nous sommes ét-
  • 11. THE ENDINGS • To the stem, add the endings -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, and -aient. Note that -ais, - ais, -ait, and -aient are all pronounced alike. That means that the singular forms and 3rd person plural (the boot) all sound the same! Je parlais Tu parlais Elle parlait Nous parlions Vous parliez Ils parlaient
  • 12. LE FUTUR The future tense consists of a 'future stem', generally the same as the infinitive, plus an ending depending on the subject. Here is the verb donner with all its future tense forms: Subject Stem Ending Form Meaning je donner- -ai je donnerai I'll give, I'll be giving tu donner- -as tu donneras you'll give, you'll be giving il donner- -a il donnera I'll give, I'll be giving nous donner- -ons nous donnerons we'll give, we'll be giving vous donner- -ez vous donnerez you'll give, you'll be giving ils donner- -ont ils donneront they'll give, they'll be giving
  • 13. MORE FUTUR • Similarly, finir gives je finirai etc. Verbs that end in -re remove the -e of the infinitive before adding the future tense endings: je vendrai, je mettrai, je boirai. • These verbs have irregular future stems Être Ser- Avoir Aur- Venir Viendr- Voir Verr- Aller Ir- Faire Fer- Pouvoir Pourr- Savoir Saur- Vouloir Voudr- Pleuvoir Pleuvr- Falloir Faudr Mourir Mourr-
  • 14. LE CONDITIONNEL • The conditional is formed by adding the IMPERFECT TENSE ENDINGS to the INFINITIVE FORM. Verb Future stem Conditional form English translation donner(to) give donner- je donneraistu donneraisil donneraitnous donnerionsvous donneriezils donneraient I'd giveyou'd giveetc boire(to) drink boir- je boiraistu boiraisil boiraitnous boirionsvous boiriezils boiraient I'd drinkyou'd drinketc venir(to) come viendr- je viendraistu viendraisil viendraitnous viendrionsvous viendriezils viendraient I'd comeyou'd comeetc
  • 15. PRONOUNS Direct object Indirect object Reflexive Me Me Me Te Te Te Le, la, l’ Lui Se Nous Nous Nous Vous Vous Vous Les Leur Se The DO answers the The IO answers the question WHO? Or WHAT? question TO WHOM or After the verb in your FOR WHOM after the verb sentence. in your sentence. The reflexive pronoun comes in front of a reflexive verb (je m’appelle).
  • 16. PRONOUN PLACEMENT • If you have ONE verb in the sentence, the pronoun will go in front of that verb. ➢J’achète la voiture. Je l’achète. ➢If you have an affirmative command (telling someone to do something), hook the pronoun on to the end of the verb. ➢ Achète la voiture! Achète-la! ➢If you have a negative command (telling someone NOT to do something), the pronouns will go in front of the verb. ➢ N’achète pas la voiture! Ne l’achète pas!
  • 17. Y / EN • The object pronoun Y will replace à, sur, sous, chez, etc and a place. ➢ Je vais à Paris. J’y vais. • The object pronoun EN will replace the partitive article, quantities, etc. ➢Nous avons trois chiens. Nous en avons trois.
  • 18. LES ADJECTIFS • Remember that adjectives change forms according to gender / number. Go back to Les Sentiments page 1A to review several irregular adjective patterns we have learned. • Keep in mind about placement – the adjective in French generally goes behind the noun. Some will go in front (BAGS – Beauty, Age, Gender, Size) + Good and Bad always go in front. ➢C’est un petit garçon. ➢C’est une belle fille. ➢Ce sont des bons libres. ➢Ce sont des mauvaises classes.
  • 19. QUI / QUE / DONT • These are relative pronouns that will be used to join clauses like “that” or “which” or “who” in English. The “next Word” (after the need for relative pronoun) can be a big clue to help us figure these out. • Qui will come in front of a VERB only. ➢C’est mon père qui a préparé le repas. ➢Ce sont les voitures qui coûtent beaucoup. • Que will come in front of a SUBJECT PRONOUN Or NOUN only. ➢C’est le livre que mon prof a lu. ➢Voici les garçons que nous avons connus. ➢(Do you remember why we need “connus” on the last one?)
  • 20. DONT • Dont will be used when the verb used WOULD have been followed by DE. ➢Especially you will use this with: avoir envie DE; avoir besoin DE…parler DE ➢La fille dont tu parles est ma copine. ➢Le café dont ils ont envie est dans ce café. ➢Les cahiers dont les étudiants ont besoin sont chez le prof. ➢If the verb would need to be followed by DE to complete it’s thought, use DONT. ➢In all of those examples you can see the verb would have needed to be tu parles de….ils ont envie de….les étudiants ont besoin de….so we have to use DONT.
  • 21. CE QUI, CE QUE, CE DONT • We will follow the same basic rules for these, except now, NOTHING SPECIFIC is going to be referred to in the first clause. ➢C’est exactement ce dont j’ai envie. (That’s exactly what I want. WHAT? Nothing specific is referred to. Use CE DONT.) ➢Voici ce que j’ai fait. (Here is what I did. WHAT? Nothing specific is referred to. Use CE QUE.) ➢Voilà ce qui est dans mon sac. (There is what’s in my bag. WHAT? Nothing specific is referred to. Use CE QUI.)
  • 22. LES ADVERBES • Generally we will take the adjective in the feminine form and add – ment to it to make the adverb. The next slide shows others that are very commonly used in French. • Adverbs are placed directly before the adjective or adverb that they modify. • Adverbs are usually placed immediately after the conjugated verb. If the verb is negative, the adverb is placed after the negation. • The adverb in French usually follows the conjugated verb. Thus, in all compound tenses (i.e. tenses where an auxiliary is required, such as the passé composé), adverbs are placed right after the auxiliary and just before the past participle.
  • 23. PLUS AVEC LES ADVERBES manner bien, well mal, badly vite, quickly time souvent, often quelquefois, sometimes toujours, always jamais, never tôt, early tard, late bientôt, soon aujourd'hui, today hier, yesterday maintenant, now déjà, already demain, tomorrow place dedans, inside dehors, outside ici, here là, there partout, everywhere quelque part, somewhere quantity or degree beaucoup, a lot très, very trop, too much assez, enough peu, little, not much peut-être, maybe sequence d'abord, at first puis, then, next alors, then, so donc, thus enfin, finally
  • 24. L’IMPÉRATIF (COMMANDS) There are three forms of the imperative: tu, nous and vous. For all verbs, the imperative is formed by taking the corresponding forms of the regular present tense, but without subject pronouns. The lack of a subject pronoun is what identifies the imperative mood. finir 'to finish' present imperative translation tu finis finis finish (you, familiar) nous finissons finissons let's finish vous finissez finissez finish
  • 25. PLUS AVEC L’IMPÉRATIF • The tu form is used to give an order to a child or when the speaker is on familiar terms with the person addressed. The vous form is used to give an order to a group of people or to address one person in the vous form. The nous form is used to give an order that involves oneself as well as others, though it often expresses a suggestion as its translation (Let's ... ) indicates. • Drop the final s in the tu forms of the imperative for -er verbs, including aller, and -ir verbs like ouvrir and other verbs whose present indicative form of tu ends in -es: Present Imperative Translation Tu regardes Regarde! Watch, look at Tu ouvres Ouvre Open Tu vas Va go
  • 26. REMEMBER – WITH COMMANDS • We will hook on pronouns to affirmative commands. • We will put pronouns in front of negative commands. ➢Watch it – regarde-le! ➢Give me – Donne-moi! ➢Go there- Allez-y ➢Don’t watch it – Ne le regarde pas. ➢Don’t give me. Ne me donne pas! ➢Don’t go there. N’y allez pas!
  • 27. • Go through your lesson material to find these irregular verb forms. Avoir Être Savoir vouloir
  • 28. QUEL VS. LEQUEL • Remember that these have to agree in gender / number with the nouns they either modify or replace. ➢Quel livre? Quelle voiture? Quels libres? Quelles voitures? • LEQUEL (and other forms) are the PRONOUNS. They cannot be followed by a NOUN. They replace a NOUN since that is the function of a pronoun.
  • 29. HISTOIRE & CULTURE • Your exam also has history and cultural material from the five units. • Please be sure to go back through this material to practice and review. • Let me know what questions you have.