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Midterm review


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Midterm Review for Spanish II

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Midterm review

  1. 1. Mid-term Exam Review Spanish II
  2. 2. Listening Questions• To prepare for these questions, go through the chapters and listen!! Listen to the words being spoken; listen to sentences and dialogs. On the test, you will listen to someone talking and answer questions about what he/she says.
  3. 3. Vocabulary• Study the vocabulary from all of the units.• Quizlet is a great website for making flashcards and practicing your vocabulary.
  4. 4. Culture• Go back through the units and reread and study all of the cultural sections
  5. 5. Unit 5• Make sure you know the material from Unit 5 really well. A lot of the questions are about things we’ve learned in Unit 5 (La Descripción).
  6. 6. Present Tense• Know regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs in the present tense.• Also, know irregular verbs in the present tense (like ser, estar, ir, etc.)• Present tense verbs are not a main focus of the exam, but you still need to know them and be able to recognize them.
  7. 7. Present Tense: Regular Verbs-ar Verbs -er Verbs -ir VerbsHablo Como VivoHablas Comes VivesHabla Come ViveHablamos Comemos VivimosHabláis Coméis VivísHablan Comen Viven
  8. 8. Present Tense: Irregular VerbsSer Estar Irsoy estoy voyeres estás vases está vasomos estamos vamossois estáis vaisson están van
  9. 9. Preterite Tense: Regular Verbs-ar Verbs -er Verbs -ir VerbsHablé Comí VivíHablaste Comiste VivisteHabló Comió VivióHablamos Comimos VivimosHablasteis Comisteis VivisteisHablaron Comieron Vivieron
  10. 10. Preterite Tense: Irregular VerbsSer -- to be Ir -- to gofui fuifuiste fuistefue fuefuimos fuimosfuisteis fuisteisFueron fueron**Note that ser and ir have different meanings,but they have the same forms in the preterite tense
  11. 11. Preterite Tense: Irregular VerbsTener - to have Estar- to be Andar-to walktuve estuve anduvetuviste estuviste anduvistetuvo estuvo anduvotuvimos estuvimos anduvimostuvisteis estuvisteis anduvisteisTuvieron estuvieron anduvieron
  12. 12. Preterite Tense: Irregular Verbshacer -- to do; to make querer -- to want, like, or lovehice quisehiciste quisistehizo quisohicimos quisimoshicisteis quisisteishicieron quisieron
  13. 13. Preterite Tense: Irregular VerbsDar -- to give Ver -- to seedi vidiste vistedio viodimos vimosdisteis visteisDieron vieron
  14. 14. Present ProgressiveEstar + Present Participleestoy estamos verb root + ando (for -ar verbs)estás estáis iendo (for -er and -ir verbs)está estánExamplesYo estoy hablando. (I am talking.)Tú estás comiendo (You are eating.)Ella está estudiando. (She is studying.)Nosotros estamos escuchando. (We are listening.)Ellos están escribiendo. (They are writing.)**We use the present progressive to talk about what we are doing right now.
  15. 15. Reflexive Verbs• Reflexive verbs are verbs you use to talk about something you are doing to yourself. For example, when you talk about washing your hands, you use lavarse; when you talk about getting dressed, you use vestirse; when you talk about brushing your teeth, you used cepillarse.• The "se" on the end of the verb is called the reflexive pronoun. When the reflexive pronoun is with the verb, it shows that one is doing something to him/herself. The reflexive pronoun changes, depending on what the subject is.
  16. 16. Reflexive VerbsReflexive Pronouns:Me NosTe OsSe Se
  17. 17. Reflexive Verbs• So, lets use lavarse as an example. Lavar = to wash; the reflexive pronoun shows that one is washing oneself. (In the examples, the subject is in boldprint, and the reflexive pronoun is blue.)• Yo me lavo la cara. I wash my face.• Tú te lavas la cara. You wash your face.• José se lava la cara. José washes his face.• María se lava la cara. Maria washes her face.• Usted se lava la cara. You wash your face.• Nosotros nos lavamos las manos. We wash our hands.• Vosotros os laváis las manos. You all wash your hands.• Ellos se lavan las manos. They wash their hands.• María y Ana se lavan las manos. María and Ana wash their hands.• Ustedes se lavan las manos. You all wash your hands.
  18. 18. Direct Object Pronouns Direct object: receives the actions of the verb; answers the question, who? Or what?Direct Object PronounsMe NosTe Os Direct Object Pronouns replaceLo, la Los, Las the direct object; they go before the conjugated verb or at the end of an infinitive
  19. 19. Direct Object PronounsYo practico deportes. (I practice sports.)Ella tira la pelota. (She throws the ball.)Tú llamas a tus padres. (You call your parents.)Yo los practico. (I practice them.) (them=sports)Ella la tira. (She throws it.) (it = the ball)Tú los llamas. (You call them.) (them = your parents)
  20. 20. Indirect Object Pronouns Indirect object: answers the question, to whom? or for whom?Indirect Object PronounsMe NosTe Os Indirect Object Pronouns replaceLe Les the indirect object; they go before the conjugated verb or at the end of an infinitive
  21. 21. Indirect Object Pronouns1. Escribo una carta a mi madre. Le escribo una carta. I write a letter to my mother. I write her a letter2. Él tira la pelota a su hermana. Le tira la pelota. He throws the ball to his sister. He throws her the ball.3. Tú das el pan a mí. Tú me das el pan. You give the bread to me. You give me the bread
  22. 22. Doler: to hurt, to acheMe duele la espalda. (My back hurts.)Te duelen los ojos. (Your eyes hurt.)Le duele la cabeza. (His head hurts.)
  23. 23. Los ComparativosTo say something is "more" más (adjetivo) queTo say something is "less" menos (adjetivo) queTo say something is "as ___ as" tan (adjetivo) como For example: El burro es más grande que la araña. El burro es menos grande que el elefante. El burro es tan grande como la cebra.
  24. 24. Ser & Estar• Both verbs mean to be• Used in different instances
  25. 25. Ser: the formsPresent Tense Past TenseSoy fuiEres fuisteEs fueSomos fuimosSois fuisteisSon fueron
  26. 26. Ser -- When to use it• To talk about la hora & la fecha (time & date)• For permanent or long-term things:  Origin  Profession  Basic physical or personality traits
  27. 27. Estar: The FormsPresent Tense Past Tenseestoy estuveestás estuvisteestá estuvoestamos estuvimosestáis estuvisteisestán estuvieron
  28. 28. Estar - When to use it• To talk about location of a person, object, or place• To form present progressives• For temporary or short-term things:  Emotions  Temporary conditions (tired, sick, etc.)  How you’re doing