Learning Czech Prepositions through Pictures: Cognitive Schemas and Language Learning   Dominik Luke š , 2004  http://www....
Presentation outline <ul><li>Theory   5 min </li></ul><ul><li>Czech Prepositions in Pictures 15 min </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Theory <ul><li>Native speakers create image schemas that describe the core spatial meaning of prepositions. Each situation...
Prepositions of Space
Prepositions of Space (cont.) <ul><li>English one-dimensional:  where </li></ul><ul><li>Czech three-dimensional:  where, w...
How it works <ul><li>Gifts from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jdu od Petra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vím to od Petra.  </li></ul>...
How it does NOT work <ul><li>Gifts from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jdu z Petra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vím to z Petra.  </li...
<ul><li>Core meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning extensions </li></ul>Fun with  na
Spatial u ses of NA <ul><li>On:  things, surfaces ( vertical/horizontal), islands viewed as islands, peninsulas, places hi...
Extended u ses of NA <ul><li>Metaphorical space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction of attention :  myslet na, těšit se na, sm...
Non-prepositional  u ses of NA  <ul><li>Part of adverbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nalevo, napravo, nahoře,  </li></ul></ul><ul...
Learners ’ lab <ul><li>Think of the sentence in your own language a draw a schema. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The book is on th...
Learners’ lab (cont.) <ul><li>Compare these sentences with your images: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kniha je na stole. </li></ul...
Learning tips <ul><li>Learn the core spatial meaning of each preposition </li></ul><ul><li>Learn as many different uses of...
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Prepositions in Czech

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An advanced student-oriented presentation about prepositions.

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Prepositions in Czech

  1. 1. Learning Czech Prepositions through Pictures: Cognitive Schemas and Language Learning Dominik Luke š , 2004 http://www.bohemica.com
  2. 2. Presentation outline <ul><li>Theory 5 min </li></ul><ul><li>Czech Prepositions in Pictures 15 min </li></ul><ul><li>The case of na 15 min </li></ul><ul><li>Learners’ lab 15 min </li></ul><ul><li>Tips for learners / Q&A 10 min </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theory <ul><li>Native speakers create image schemas that describe the core spatial meaning of prepositions. Each situation is then reduced to a schema. </li></ul><ul><li>The schemas consist of so called landmarks (stationary elements) and trajectors (moving elements). </li></ul><ul><li>When prepositions are used to describe non-spatial situations, the landmark and trajectors become metaphorically linked to elements in the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners need to acquire both a stock of set uses and an ability to apply the right schema to the right situation. This requires both drilling and active image creation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prepositions of Space
  5. 5. Prepositions of Space (cont.) <ul><li>English one-dimensional: where </li></ul><ul><li>Czech three-dimensional: where, where to, where from </li></ul>
  6. 6. How it works <ul><li>Gifts from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jdu od Petra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vím to od Petra. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tu knihu mám od Petra. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Going to visit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jdu k Petrovi na návštěvu. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budu u Petra. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. How it does NOT work <ul><li>Gifts from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jdu z Petra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vím to z Petra. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tu knihu mám z Petra. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Going to visit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jdu do Petra na návštěvu. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budu na Petrovi. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Core meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning extensions </li></ul>Fun with na
  9. 9. Spatial u ses of NA <ul><li>On: things, surfaces ( vertical/horizontal), islands viewed as islands, peninsulas, places high up, selected other countries (Havaj, Nový Zéland, Florida, Island) </li></ul><ul><li>In: institutions as official places (opera, po šta, univerzita, výstava, diskotéka) </li></ul><ul><li>In the direction of : táhnul na Prahu </li></ul>
  10. 10. Extended u ses of NA <ul><li>Metaphorical space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction of attention : myslet na, těšit se na, smát se na </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose: boty na fotbal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruments: na kytaru, dveře na zámek, jezdit na benzín </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause: umřít na rakovinu, udělat na přání, na objednávku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure: prodávat na kilo, na metr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Something about to happen: je to na spadnutí </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wishes/toasts: na shledanou, na zdraví, na brzký návrat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blame/responsibility: je to na Petrovi, hodil to na něho </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For a period of time: jsem tady na rok, na hodinu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For events: na vánoce, na prázdniny, na dovolenou, na olympiádu, na závody, přijít na třetí </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set uses with time: na jaře, na podzim </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Non-prepositional u ses of NA <ul><li>Part of adverbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nalevo, napravo, nahoře, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nastálo, natrvalo, nadarmo, nadále, napilno, načisto, najednou </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prefix of verbs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>upon: najít, nalít, namáhat se, nasypat, nadávat, napadnout, nasmlouvat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>up (start): nalomit, nastartovat, nakousnout, napít se </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fill up (ingest): najíst se, napít se, naobědvat se, naplnit (se) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to contentment: nachodit se, nazpívat se, nasmát se </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prefix of adjectives and nouns (NÁ ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nápad, námitka, názor, nábytek, náhoda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nábřeží, nároží, náboženství </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nápadný, náhlý </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nabídka, nadání, nakladatel </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Learners ’ lab <ul><li>Think of the sentence in your own language a draw a schema. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The book is on the table. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter lives in the square. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We went to Moravia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John is in Hawaii. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karel is at the post office. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’m here for a week. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have these shoes for playing soccer . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I’m looking for somebody for babysitting. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you can, translate the sentences, and / or draw an appropriate schema. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Learners’ lab (cont.) <ul><li>Compare these sentences with your images: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kniha je na stole. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petr bydlí na náměstí. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jeli jsme na Moravu. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John je na Havaji. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karel je na poště. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jsem tady na týden. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tyhle boty mám na fotbal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hledám někoho na hlídání dětí. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Learning tips <ul><li>Learn the core spatial meaning of each preposition </li></ul><ul><li>Learn as many different uses of each preposition </li></ul><ul><li>Create an image for each use based on the core meaning </li></ul><ul><li>For abstract meanings link elements on both sides of the preposition to the original meaning </li></ul>

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