SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Fermentation
Fermentation
Def*Any of a group of chemical reactions induced by
microorganisms or enzymes that split complex organic
compounds into relatively simple substances.
for example; the anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon
dioxide and alcohol by yeast.
The word "fermentation" is derived from a Latin word "fervere"
meaning "to boil,"
Many scientists, including Pasteur, had unsuccessfully attempted
to extract the fermentation enzyme from yeast. Pasteur defined
fermentation (incorrectly) as "Life without air", but correctly
showed that specific types of microorganisms cause specific types
of fermentations and specific end-products.
Although showing fermentation to be the result of the action of
living microorganisms was a breakthrough, it did not explain the
basic nature of the fermentation process.
Success came in 1897 when the German chemist Eduard
Buechner ground up yeast, extracted a juice from them,
then found to his amazement that this "dead" liquid would
ferment a sugar solution, forming carbon dioxide and
alcohol much like living yeasts.
Buechner's results are considered to mark the birth of
biochemistry. The "unorganized ferments" behaved just like
the organized ones. From that time on, the term enzyme
came to be applied to all ferments. It was then understood
that fermentation is caused by enzymes that are produced
by microorganisms.
Fermentation
Fermentation
*Batch fermentation:
Sterile nutrinet substrate, inoculated,
grow untill no more of the product is being made,
“harvested” and cleaned out for another run.
>Lag phase (adapt to their surroundings)
>Exponential growth (grow in numbers)
>Stationary phase (stop growing)
>Death phase
*Continuous fermentation:
-Substrate is added continuously to the
fermenter, and biomass or products are continuously
removed at the same rate.
-Under these conditions, the cells remain in the logarithmic
phase of growth.
*Fed-batch Fermentation:
-Substrate increments as the fermentation
progresses started as batchwise with a small substrate
concentration.
-Initial substrate is conzumed,addition of fermentation
medium.
Def: “Those organic matters which through clean technology,
can be recycled either by integrated waste utilization or simply
returned to the place of their origin, nature.”
Examples:
Rice straw, sawdust, Rye straw, soya stalks,
sunflower stalks, sugarcane baggase and corn
stalks etc.
Uses:
Rice straw :is used to make quality paper.
Sawdust: is used as wood pulp, cat litter or fuel.
Sugarcane bagasse and Rye straw :as a
renewable power generation source and for the
production of bio-based materials.
Sunflower stalks: For making herbal oil
Soya_bean stalks: for making olive oil.
Rice straw
Rye straw
Fermentation
Sugarcane baggase
Sunflower stalks & Soyabean stalks
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

Optimization of l asparaginase production by
Optimization of l asparaginase production byOptimization of l asparaginase production by
Optimization of l asparaginase production by
eSAT Publishing House
 
Fermentation
FermentationFermentation
Fermentation
Dr NEETHU ASOKAN
 
Biotechnology Std Grade
Biotechnology Std GradeBiotechnology Std Grade
Biotechnology Std Grade
jayerichards
 
Notes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th Biology
Notes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th BiologyNotes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th Biology
Notes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th Biology
Ednexa
 
CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources
CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources
CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources
BhoomikaDhiman2
 
Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...
Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...
Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...
Premier Publishers
 
Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...
Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...
Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...
Bureau of Agricultural Research
 
Alkaline Proteases
Alkaline ProteasesAlkaline Proteases
Alkaline Proteases
girish sawala
 
Yeastogram
YeastogramYeastogram
Yeastogram
Francesco Guarino
 
Enzymes
EnzymesEnzymes
Enzymes
Sony Digity
 
Production of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJB
Production of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJBProduction of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJB
Production of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJB
Innspub Net
 
Microbial Enzymes and Biotechnology
Microbial Enzymes and BiotechnologyMicrobial Enzymes and Biotechnology
Microbial Enzymes and Biotechnology
Nida Javed
 
WJEC A2 Biology By4.4 Microbiology
WJEC A2 Biology By4.4 MicrobiologyWJEC A2 Biology By4.4 Microbiology
WJEC A2 Biology By4.4 Microbiology
Matthew Higgins
 
Isolation of protease producing microorganism
Isolation of protease producing microorganismIsolation of protease producing microorganism
Isolation of protease producing microorganism
Benittabenny
 
Rifamycin
RifamycinRifamycin
Rifamycin
Muneeba Sheikh
 
Enzyme production
Enzyme productionEnzyme production
Enzyme production
Md Salman Ashrafi
 
Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...
Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...
Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...
eSAT Journals
 
Tannase
TannaseTannase
Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger and trichoder...
Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger  and trichoder...Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger  and trichoder...
Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger and trichoder...
Sakeena Asmi
 
Use of microbes & enzyme amylase
Use of microbes & enzyme amylaseUse of microbes & enzyme amylase
Use of microbes & enzyme amylase
Dilip22Morani
 

What's hot (20)

Optimization of l asparaginase production by
Optimization of l asparaginase production byOptimization of l asparaginase production by
Optimization of l asparaginase production by
 
Fermentation
FermentationFermentation
Fermentation
 
Biotechnology Std Grade
Biotechnology Std GradeBiotechnology Std Grade
Biotechnology Std Grade
 
Notes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th Biology
Notes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th BiologyNotes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th Biology
Notes for Microbes in Human Welfare - 12th Biology
 
CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources
CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources
CLASS 9 Chapter 15 improvement in food resources
 
Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...
Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...
Effect of Inoculum Sizes in Laboratory Fermentation of Daddawa Condiment from...
 
Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...
Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...
Ethno-Pharmacological Plants of IP Communities: SOCSARGEN Experience / Maria ...
 
Alkaline Proteases
Alkaline ProteasesAlkaline Proteases
Alkaline Proteases
 
Yeastogram
YeastogramYeastogram
Yeastogram
 
Enzymes
EnzymesEnzymes
Enzymes
 
Production of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJB
Production of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJBProduction of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJB
Production of Pectinase by Aspergillus niger Cultured in Solid State Media - IJB
 
Microbial Enzymes and Biotechnology
Microbial Enzymes and BiotechnologyMicrobial Enzymes and Biotechnology
Microbial Enzymes and Biotechnology
 
WJEC A2 Biology By4.4 Microbiology
WJEC A2 Biology By4.4 MicrobiologyWJEC A2 Biology By4.4 Microbiology
WJEC A2 Biology By4.4 Microbiology
 
Isolation of protease producing microorganism
Isolation of protease producing microorganismIsolation of protease producing microorganism
Isolation of protease producing microorganism
 
Rifamycin
RifamycinRifamycin
Rifamycin
 
Enzyme production
Enzyme productionEnzyme production
Enzyme production
 
Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...
Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...
Optimization of l asparaginase production by aspergillus terreus mtcc 1782 us...
 
Tannase
TannaseTannase
Tannase
 
Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger and trichoder...
Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger  and trichoder...Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger  and trichoder...
Comparative study of cellulase production by aspergillus niger and trichoder...
 
Use of microbes & enzyme amylase
Use of microbes & enzyme amylaseUse of microbes & enzyme amylase
Use of microbes & enzyme amylase
 

Viewers also liked

Kabupaten indramayu
Kabupaten indramayuKabupaten indramayu
Kabupaten indramayu
Aulia Laksono
 
Ekologi tanaman pakan
Ekologi tanaman pakanEkologi tanaman pakan
Ekologi tanaman pakan
Yusuf Ahmad
 
Hatchery equipment
Hatchery equipmentHatchery equipment
Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)
Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)
Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)
Emma Femi
 
Dentition of sheep and goat
Dentition of sheep and goatDentition of sheep and goat
Rice lecture final
Rice lecture finalRice lecture final
Rice lecture final
ali bashir
 
China pakistan economic corridor
China pakistan economic corridor China pakistan economic corridor
China pakistan economic corridor
anwaar azad
 
Cpec
CpecCpec
4 rice
4 rice4 rice
4 rice
Rione Drevale
 
Total digestive nutrients(TDN)
Total digestive nutrients(TDN)Total digestive nutrients(TDN)
Total digestive nutrients(TDN)
vigyanashram
 
Viral infections of Oral Cavity
Viral infections of Oral CavityViral infections of Oral Cavity
Viral infections of Oral Cavity
Ravi Kumar
 

Viewers also liked (11)

Kabupaten indramayu
Kabupaten indramayuKabupaten indramayu
Kabupaten indramayu
 
Ekologi tanaman pakan
Ekologi tanaman pakanEkologi tanaman pakan
Ekologi tanaman pakan
 
Hatchery equipment
Hatchery equipmentHatchery equipment
Hatchery equipment
 
Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)
Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)
Sistem Pertanian Terpadu (Integrasi Tanaman - Ternak)
 
Dentition of sheep and goat
Dentition of sheep and goatDentition of sheep and goat
Dentition of sheep and goat
 
Rice lecture final
Rice lecture finalRice lecture final
Rice lecture final
 
China pakistan economic corridor
China pakistan economic corridor China pakistan economic corridor
China pakistan economic corridor
 
Cpec
CpecCpec
Cpec
 
4 rice
4 rice4 rice
4 rice
 
Total digestive nutrients(TDN)
Total digestive nutrients(TDN)Total digestive nutrients(TDN)
Total digestive nutrients(TDN)
 
Viral infections of Oral Cavity
Viral infections of Oral CavityViral infections of Oral Cavity
Viral infections of Oral Cavity
 

Similar to Fermentation

Fermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptx
Fermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptxFermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptx
Fermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptx
zahrarafi3
 
FERMENTATION.pptx
FERMENTATION.pptxFERMENTATION.pptx
FERMENTATION.pptx
PurushothamKN1
 
Microbes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEET
Microbes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEETMicrobes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEET
Microbes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEET
Ashokan Kannarath
 
Biotechnology
BiotechnologyBiotechnology
Biotechnology
RiniJoseph8
 
01_Fermentation Intro.pptx
01_Fermentation Intro.pptx01_Fermentation Intro.pptx
01_Fermentation Intro.pptx
Subburamu Karthikeyan
 
Fermentation.pptx
Fermentation.pptxFermentation.pptx
Fermentation.pptx
ArifUddin50
 
Alcohol Production by Yeast.pptx
Alcohol Production by Yeast.pptxAlcohol Production by Yeast.pptx
Alcohol Production by Yeast.pptx
Gulab Devi Teaching Hospital, Lahore.
 
Bio
BioBio
Bio
AlokBind1
 
Bioreactor Types in Detail with Diagrams
Bioreactor Types in Detail with DiagramsBioreactor Types in Detail with Diagrams
Bioreactor Types in Detail with Diagrams
drsinghgayaji
 
Microbes In Human Welfares.pptx
Microbes In Human Welfares.pptxMicrobes In Human Welfares.pptx
Microbes In Human Welfares.pptx
Ajay Kumar Gautam
 
2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy
2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy
2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy
IdenyiDanielEwaEde
 
Industrial microbiology
Industrial microbiologyIndustrial microbiology
Industrial microbiology
Dr NEETHU ASOKAN
 
Industrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdf
Industrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdfIndustrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdf
Industrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdf
zahrarafi3
 
Fermentation and its types
Fermentation and its typesFermentation and its types
Fermentation and its types
Amjad Afridi
 
M.P Pillai aswathy viswanath
M.P Pillai aswathy viswanathM.P Pillai aswathy viswanath
M.P Pillai aswathy viswanath
PILLAI ASWATHY VISWANATH
 
Yeasts and their uses
Yeasts and their usesYeasts and their uses
Yeasts and their uses
BishoyAtef4
 
Fermentation
Fermentation Fermentation
Fermentation
Shambhawi3
 
fermentation.pdf
fermentation.pdffermentation.pdf
fermentation.pdf
RafiaRayanabtbc
 
Upstream and down stream process
Upstream and down stream processUpstream and down stream process
Upstream and down stream process
Dr NEETHU ASOKAN
 
787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO
787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO
787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO
Jose Luis
 

Similar to Fermentation (20)

Fermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptx
Fermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptxFermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptx
Fermentation and Microorganisms lesson 1.pptx
 
FERMENTATION.pptx
FERMENTATION.pptxFERMENTATION.pptx
FERMENTATION.pptx
 
Microbes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEET
Microbes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEETMicrobes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEET
Microbes in human welfare-NCEERT Based for NEET
 
Biotechnology
BiotechnologyBiotechnology
Biotechnology
 
01_Fermentation Intro.pptx
01_Fermentation Intro.pptx01_Fermentation Intro.pptx
01_Fermentation Intro.pptx
 
Fermentation.pptx
Fermentation.pptxFermentation.pptx
Fermentation.pptx
 
Alcohol Production by Yeast.pptx
Alcohol Production by Yeast.pptxAlcohol Production by Yeast.pptx
Alcohol Production by Yeast.pptx
 
Bio
BioBio
Bio
 
Bioreactor Types in Detail with Diagrams
Bioreactor Types in Detail with DiagramsBioreactor Types in Detail with Diagrams
Bioreactor Types in Detail with Diagrams
 
Microbes In Human Welfares.pptx
Microbes In Human Welfares.pptxMicrobes In Human Welfares.pptx
Microbes In Human Welfares.pptx
 
2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy
2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy
2 fermentation penicillin.pptx pharmacognosy
 
Industrial microbiology
Industrial microbiologyIndustrial microbiology
Industrial microbiology
 
Industrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdf
Industrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdfIndustrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdf
Industrial Fermentation _LESSON 3 and 4.pdf
 
Fermentation and its types
Fermentation and its typesFermentation and its types
Fermentation and its types
 
M.P Pillai aswathy viswanath
M.P Pillai aswathy viswanathM.P Pillai aswathy viswanath
M.P Pillai aswathy viswanath
 
Yeasts and their uses
Yeasts and their usesYeasts and their uses
Yeasts and their uses
 
Fermentation
Fermentation Fermentation
Fermentation
 
fermentation.pdf
fermentation.pdffermentation.pdf
fermentation.pdf
 
Upstream and down stream process
Upstream and down stream processUpstream and down stream process
Upstream and down stream process
 
787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO
787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO
787 CILIDOS MÉTODOS DE CULTIVO
 

More from 𝓕𝓮𝓻𝓸𝔃 𝓗𝓪𝓷𝓲𝓯

Bacteriology
BacteriologyBacteriology
Importance of goat genetic resources
Importance of goat genetic resourcesImportance of goat genetic resources
Vesicular diseases
Vesicular diseasesVesicular diseases
Enteritis
EnteritisEnteritis
Democracy
DemocracyDemocracy

More from 𝓕𝓮𝓻𝓸𝔃 𝓗𝓪𝓷𝓲𝓯 (6)

Selection and judging in sahiwal cattle
Selection and judging in sahiwal cattleSelection and judging in sahiwal cattle
Selection and judging in sahiwal cattle
 
Bacteriology
BacteriologyBacteriology
Bacteriology
 
Importance of goat genetic resources
Importance of goat genetic resourcesImportance of goat genetic resources
Importance of goat genetic resources
 
Vesicular diseases
Vesicular diseasesVesicular diseases
Vesicular diseases
 
Enteritis
EnteritisEnteritis
Enteritis
 
Democracy
DemocracyDemocracy
Democracy
 

Recently uploaded

CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.
CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.
CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.
RIYAPAWASHE
 
Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...
Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...
Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...
sankisogandhi
 
GT biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
GT biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptGT biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
GT biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
xmevus
 
Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
arnavkumar9870
 
UW biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UW biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptUW biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UW biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
xmevus
 
@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678 @Girls Service @ℂall
@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678  @Girls Service @ℂall@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678  @Girls Service @ℂall
@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678 @Girls Service @ℂall
veenita788
 
Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...
Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...
Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...
kishanaaani
 
Curtin Cert degree offer diploma
Curtin Cert degree offer diploma Curtin Cert degree offer diploma
Curtin Cert degree offer diploma
popecap
 
Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
kishanaaani
 
UMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptUMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
xmevus
 
Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...
Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...
Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...
bangaloreakshitakaus
 
Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...
Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...
Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...
parichopra4
 
Colorfcul Presentation - Public Relations
Colorfcul Presentation - Public RelationsColorfcul Presentation - Public Relations
Colorfcul Presentation - Public Relations
StephanieFeliciano8
 
Haldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East Coast
Haldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East CoastHaldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East Coast
Haldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East Coast
Ashray Dutta
 
Presentation on enhancing risk mamangement
Presentation on enhancing risk mamangementPresentation on enhancing risk mamangement
Presentation on enhancing risk mamangement
ananyaplaha10
 
ulcerative colitis case presentation
ulcerative colitis case presentation ulcerative colitis case presentation
ulcerative colitis case presentation
anshu reddy
 
ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...
ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...
ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...
DrAdoGarba
 
VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
saroohilakhatariroy
 
VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
sukaniyasunnu
 
Lucknow @Girls @ℂall Gomti Nagar 08630512678 @Girls @ℂall Service
Lucknow @Girls @ℂall  Gomti Nagar 08630512678  @Girls @ℂall ServiceLucknow @Girls @ℂall  Gomti Nagar 08630512678  @Girls @ℂall Service
Lucknow @Girls @ℂall Gomti Nagar 08630512678 @Girls @ℂall Service
veenita788
 

Recently uploaded (20)

CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.
CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.
CULTURE-The way of life for entire society.
 
Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...
Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...
Dehradun Girls Call Dehradun 0X0000000X Unlimited Short Providing Girls Servi...
 
GT biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
GT biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptGT biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
GT biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
 
Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
Lucknow Girls Call Aliganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And ...
 
UW biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UW biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptUW biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UW biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
 
@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678 @Girls Service @ℂall
@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678  @Girls Service @ℂall@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678  @Girls Service @ℂall
@ℂall Lucknow @Girls Fazullaganj 08630512678 @Girls Service @ℂall
 
Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...
Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...
Chandigarh Girls Call Chandigarh 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service...
 
Curtin Cert degree offer diploma
Curtin Cert degree offer diploma Curtin Cert degree offer diploma
Curtin Cert degree offer diploma
 
Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
Raipur Girls Call Raipur 0X0000000X Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1...
 
UMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma TranscriptUMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
UMiami biyezheng degree offer diploma Transcript
 
Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...
Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...
Lucknow Girls Call Fazullaganj 08630512678 Provide Best And Top Girl Service ...
 
Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...
Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...
Varanasi Girls Call Varanasi 0X0000000X Payment On Delevery Cash Hot Premium ...
 
Colorfcul Presentation - Public Relations
Colorfcul Presentation - Public RelationsColorfcul Presentation - Public Relations
Colorfcul Presentation - Public Relations
 
Haldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East Coast
Haldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East CoastHaldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East Coast
Haldia Dock Complex - A Gateway To India's East Coast
 
Presentation on enhancing risk mamangement
Presentation on enhancing risk mamangementPresentation on enhancing risk mamangement
Presentation on enhancing risk mamangement
 
ulcerative colitis case presentation
ulcerative colitis case presentation ulcerative colitis case presentation
ulcerative colitis case presentation
 
ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...
ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...
ANALYSIS OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGIES AMONG WOMEN CROP FARMERS IN...
 
VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Nashik Girls Call Nashik 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
 
VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
VIP Shimla Girls Call Shimla 0X0000000X Doorstep High-Profile Girl Service Ca...
 
Lucknow @Girls @ℂall Gomti Nagar 08630512678 @Girls @ℂall Service
Lucknow @Girls @ℂall  Gomti Nagar 08630512678  @Girls @ℂall ServiceLucknow @Girls @ℂall  Gomti Nagar 08630512678  @Girls @ℂall Service
Lucknow @Girls @ℂall Gomti Nagar 08630512678 @Girls @ℂall Service
 

Fermentation

  • 3. Def*Any of a group of chemical reactions induced by microorganisms or enzymes that split complex organic compounds into relatively simple substances. for example; the anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast.
  • 4. The word "fermentation" is derived from a Latin word "fervere" meaning "to boil," Many scientists, including Pasteur, had unsuccessfully attempted to extract the fermentation enzyme from yeast. Pasteur defined fermentation (incorrectly) as "Life without air", but correctly showed that specific types of microorganisms cause specific types of fermentations and specific end-products. Although showing fermentation to be the result of the action of living microorganisms was a breakthrough, it did not explain the basic nature of the fermentation process.
  • 5. Success came in 1897 when the German chemist Eduard Buechner ground up yeast, extracted a juice from them, then found to his amazement that this "dead" liquid would ferment a sugar solution, forming carbon dioxide and alcohol much like living yeasts. Buechner's results are considered to mark the birth of biochemistry. The "unorganized ferments" behaved just like the organized ones. From that time on, the term enzyme came to be applied to all ferments. It was then understood that fermentation is caused by enzymes that are produced by microorganisms.
  • 8. *Batch fermentation: Sterile nutrinet substrate, inoculated, grow untill no more of the product is being made, “harvested” and cleaned out for another run. >Lag phase (adapt to their surroundings) >Exponential growth (grow in numbers) >Stationary phase (stop growing) >Death phase
  • 9. *Continuous fermentation: -Substrate is added continuously to the fermenter, and biomass or products are continuously removed at the same rate. -Under these conditions, the cells remain in the logarithmic phase of growth. *Fed-batch Fermentation: -Substrate increments as the fermentation progresses started as batchwise with a small substrate concentration. -Initial substrate is conzumed,addition of fermentation medium.
  • 10. Def: “Those organic matters which through clean technology, can be recycled either by integrated waste utilization or simply returned to the place of their origin, nature.” Examples: Rice straw, sawdust, Rye straw, soya stalks, sunflower stalks, sugarcane baggase and corn stalks etc.
  • 11. Uses: Rice straw :is used to make quality paper. Sawdust: is used as wood pulp, cat litter or fuel. Sugarcane bagasse and Rye straw :as a renewable power generation source and for the production of bio-based materials. Sunflower stalks: For making herbal oil Soya_bean stalks: for making olive oil.
  • 16. Sunflower stalks & Soyabean stalks