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Rcvets, lahore
Presentation: Vesicular diseases
Submitted to: Dr. A.D Anjum
Submitted by: Mr.Feroz Hanif
ROLL NO# 236
Group: C
March 21st ,2016.
Vesicular disease
Vesicular disease is a general term referring to diseases
that cause blisters on various body parts of livestock and,
in some cases, humans. Included in this category are foot-
and-mouth disease (FMD); vesicular stomatitis (VS) , swine
vesicular disease (SVD); and vesicular exanthema of swine
(VES).
Foot-and-Mouth disease
FMD Etiology—Foot-and-mouth disease virus in the
family Picornaviridae and genus Aphthovirus.
Distribution—FMD is Endemic in Asia, Africa, the
Middle East, and parts of South America.
Species affected include cattle, pigs, sheep, goats,
and cloven-hooved wild and domestic animals
(horses are not affected).
Morbidity is 100 percent.
Mortality is less than 1 percent, but more severe in
young animals.
Vesicular stomatitis
Etiology—virus is caused by a virus belonging to the
family Rhabdoviridae and genus Vesiculovirus.
Distribution—VS can be found in North and Central
America, and the northern part of South America.
Species Affected - horses, mules, donkeys, cattle, sheep,
and goats.
Morbidity - varies, but is up to 90% while mortality is
low.
Vesicular exanthema of swine (VES)
Etiology—Vesicular exanthema of swine virus is a member
of the family Calicivirus and genus Vesivirus.
Distribution— Pigs are the only species affected by
vesicular exanthema.
Clinical signs include deep lesions with granulation tissue
formation on the feet.
Distribution—The virus has only been found in the United
States, but was eradicated in 1956.
Mortality varies and can reach 100 percent. Mortality is
generally low.
Species affected: Pigs are the only species affected by
vesicular exanthema of swine.
Disease Major Species
Affected
Transmission
Foot and mouth Swine, cattle, sheep,
goats, African buffalos
Aerosol, contact,
fomites
Swine vesicular
disease
Swine, humans Contact, fomites
Vesicular exanthema
of swine
Swine, marine
mammals
Contact, fomites
Vesicular stomatitis Horses, cattle, swine,
wildlife, humans
Insects, direct contact
Here are some pictures of clinical of vesicular
disease in cattle:
A. Ulceration of dental pad
B. Coalescing, ruptured vesicles and erosions
on the tongue
C. Excessive salivation
D. Unruptured vesicles on the tongue (arrows
point to two different lesions)
In cows:
E. Ruptured vesicles on the rumen pillars
F. Unruptured vesicles on the teat (arrows)
G. Hoof lesions in the interdigital space
H. Gray streaking in the myocardium due to
degeneration and necrosis (also
known as "tiger heart" lesions)
vesicular lesions in sheep
A. Erosions of dental pad
B. Uncomfortable, camped-under stance in
this ewe as she tries to reduce
the weight distribution on her limbs which
have coronary band lesions
(pictured in C)
C. Lesions on the coronary band
A. Unruptured vesicles on snout
B. Ruptured vesicle on top of snout
C. Single vesicle on the tongue
D. Erosions of the heel leading to
sloughing of the horns of the digits.
E. Vesicle lesions on the sole.
In pigs
Clinical signs of vesicular stomatitis in horses include:
A. Erosion and ulceration of the tongue
B. Ruptured vesicle around the nostrils (arrow points at the
medial edge
on the lower nares)
C. Extensive erosion of the top lip around nostrils.
D. Erosions along the coronary band of the hoof
E. Ulcerative lesions of the ear
Vesicular diseases

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Vesicular diseases

  • 1. Rcvets, lahore Presentation: Vesicular diseases Submitted to: Dr. A.D Anjum Submitted by: Mr.Feroz Hanif ROLL NO# 236 Group: C March 21st ,2016.
  • 2. Vesicular disease Vesicular disease is a general term referring to diseases that cause blisters on various body parts of livestock and, in some cases, humans. Included in this category are foot- and-mouth disease (FMD); vesicular stomatitis (VS) , swine vesicular disease (SVD); and vesicular exanthema of swine (VES).
  • 3. Foot-and-Mouth disease FMD Etiology—Foot-and-mouth disease virus in the family Picornaviridae and genus Aphthovirus. Distribution—FMD is Endemic in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and parts of South America. Species affected include cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and cloven-hooved wild and domestic animals (horses are not affected). Morbidity is 100 percent. Mortality is less than 1 percent, but more severe in young animals.
  • 4. Vesicular stomatitis Etiology—virus is caused by a virus belonging to the family Rhabdoviridae and genus Vesiculovirus. Distribution—VS can be found in North and Central America, and the northern part of South America. Species Affected - horses, mules, donkeys, cattle, sheep, and goats. Morbidity - varies, but is up to 90% while mortality is low.
  • 5. Vesicular exanthema of swine (VES) Etiology—Vesicular exanthema of swine virus is a member of the family Calicivirus and genus Vesivirus. Distribution— Pigs are the only species affected by vesicular exanthema. Clinical signs include deep lesions with granulation tissue formation on the feet. Distribution—The virus has only been found in the United States, but was eradicated in 1956. Mortality varies and can reach 100 percent. Mortality is generally low. Species affected: Pigs are the only species affected by vesicular exanthema of swine.
  • 6. Disease Major Species Affected Transmission Foot and mouth Swine, cattle, sheep, goats, African buffalos Aerosol, contact, fomites Swine vesicular disease Swine, humans Contact, fomites Vesicular exanthema of swine Swine, marine mammals Contact, fomites Vesicular stomatitis Horses, cattle, swine, wildlife, humans Insects, direct contact
  • 7. Here are some pictures of clinical of vesicular disease in cattle: A. Ulceration of dental pad B. Coalescing, ruptured vesicles and erosions on the tongue C. Excessive salivation D. Unruptured vesicles on the tongue (arrows point to two different lesions)
  • 8. In cows: E. Ruptured vesicles on the rumen pillars F. Unruptured vesicles on the teat (arrows) G. Hoof lesions in the interdigital space H. Gray streaking in the myocardium due to degeneration and necrosis (also known as "tiger heart" lesions)
  • 9. vesicular lesions in sheep A. Erosions of dental pad B. Uncomfortable, camped-under stance in this ewe as she tries to reduce the weight distribution on her limbs which have coronary band lesions (pictured in C) C. Lesions on the coronary band
  • 10. A. Unruptured vesicles on snout B. Ruptured vesicle on top of snout C. Single vesicle on the tongue D. Erosions of the heel leading to sloughing of the horns of the digits. E. Vesicle lesions on the sole. In pigs
  • 11. Clinical signs of vesicular stomatitis in horses include: A. Erosion and ulceration of the tongue B. Ruptured vesicle around the nostrils (arrow points at the medial edge on the lower nares) C. Extensive erosion of the top lip around nostrils. D. Erosions along the coronary band of the hoof E. Ulcerative lesions of the ear