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Class Aves: Birds
Characteristics
• Feathers
• Wings
• Beak/Bill
• Oviparous
• Lightweight skeleton
• Molting
Penelopedis panini
Feathers
• Made of keratin
• Plumage- covering of feathers on a bird
Function
• Form flight surfaces that provide lift and aid
steering
• Prevent excessive heat loss
• Incubation
• Courtship
• Water proofing
Types of Feathers

•Pennaceous Feathers
•Plumulaceous Feathers
Pennaceous Feathers

• Flattened, tightly closed feathers that
create aerodynamics surfaces such as
those of wings and tails
Plumulaceous Feathers

• Rudimentary shaft to which a wispy tuft
of barbs and barbules is attached.
Skeleton
Muscle
• Strongest muscle of most birds are the flight muscles, it has a lot
of mitochondria.
Flight
Digestion
Sight
Reproduction
• Monogamous
• Polygamous
Nesting Activities
• Clutch-group of eggs and chicks produced by
a female.
• Altricial-birds that are entirely dependent
on their parents upon hatching.
• Precocial-alert and lively at hatching.

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Class Aves