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BOOK REVIEW BY
Dr ANJANA.P
FINAL YEAR PG
R&B DEPARTMENT
GOVT.AYURVEDA COLLEGE
TRIPUNITHURA KERALA
CHAKRADATTA
INTRODUCTION:
 Also known as Chikitsa Sangraha.
 Author: Chakrapani Datta, son of Narayana Datta, kitchen
superintendent & minister of King Nayapaala .
 His elder brother Bhanudatta, was a royal physician to the
king Nayapaala.
 Period: 11th century A.D.
 Acknowledges Naradatta as his guru, who inspired his
writings, particularly his commentary on Charaka Samhita.
.
 Contributed compendia viz.
 Ayurveda Deepika – Commentary on Charaka Samhita
 Bhanumati – Commentary on Susruta Samhita
 Chikitsa Sangraha
 Vyagradaridrasubhankara
 Dravyaguna Sangraha
 Sabdachandrika
 Muktavali
 Vyakaranatatva Chandrika
 Subject matter of Chakradatta at Glance :
 Composed of 4800 verses which are divided in to 79
chapters.
 Out of the 50 sources acknowledged by Chakrapani, from
where he was inspired for the verses, the principal source
of the book as stated by the author himself at the end, is
Vrnda’s Sidhayoga.
 The chapters are divided as per the diseases, clinical
symptoms, therapeutic procedures and include a chapter on
preventive medicine too.
 First 65 chapters are in the order of Madhava Nidana, where
Chakradatta deals with the therapeutics of that diseases only.
 Chapter 66 & 67 – Rasayana & Vajikarana
 Chapter 68 to 77 – Pancha karma procedures &
formulations for that procedures.
 Chapter 78 & 79 – Siravyadha & Dinacharya, Ritucharya
etc.
 Various Daivavyapasraya Chikitsa and various Mantras are
mentioned in the text.
 Information about the author can be found at the end of
the text book.
 Chapter discussion:
1. Jwara Chikitsa:
 First of all Chakrapani paid respectful salutation to the Lord
Shiva.
 The line of treatment of Jwara and types of Jwara are
prescribed.
 Daivavyapasraya karma for Jwara is prescribed as Mantra,
worship of Lord Shiva along with the goddess and reciting
Vishnusahasranamam.
 Sneha paka Paribhasha & Sneha paka Pareeksha are
mentioned .
2 &3. Jwaratisara and Atisara Chikitsa:
 Treatment of Atisara associated with Jwara are mentioned.
 Langhana is mentioned first, then various diets like Peya,
Vilepi etc. are mentioned.
 Features of Ama and Pakwa Pureesha are mentioned.
 Line of treatment for Atisara is given, with various
formulations and Pathyas.
4. Grahani Chikitsa:
 Line of treatment for Grahani vikara is described.
 Ama Pachana, Langhana, Vamana, Virechana etc. , Laghu
Ahara like Panchakola Peya should be given first followed
by other Deepana-Pachana Dravyas.
 Various herbal combinations and metallic preparations are
explained. e.g. Takrarista, Ayamakanjika, Kalyana Guda etc.
 Rasaparpati Prayoga in Grahani is the main contribution of
this book.
5- 55 - Arsa Chikitsa to Kshudra roga
Chikitsa:
 Pattern same as that of above chapters.
 Line of treatment according to the diseases is described.
 Use of Rasa gutika – in Arsa Roga
 External application of Parada with Dhattura patra Swarasa
or Nagavalli Swarasa in Krimi Chikitsa.
 Navayasa Loha – Pandu Roga Chikitsa
 Ayoraja Prayoga, Mandura Prayoga, Punarna Mandura in
Pandu Chikitsa.
 Loha Bhasma, Shanka Choorna, Mandura Prayoga,
Mriddarashringa Bhasma in Soola Chikitsa.
 Shilajatu Prayoga with Veerataradi gana or vasa Kashaya in
Mootraghata Chikitsa.
 Shilajatu Prayoga in Prameha Chikitsa.
 In Yakrut Pleeha Chikitsa – Lokanatha rasa, Samudra
Shuktika Bhasma .
 Kusta Chikitsa – Gandha Pashana Choorna
 Amla pitta Chikitsa – explained Shodhana procedures of
Abhraka, Loha, Mandura, Gandhaka etc.
 Masoorika Chikitsa – Kajjali Prayoga.
56 to 60 – Mukha roga to Shiroroga:
 Mainly deals with diseases pertaining to mouth, nose, ear ,
throat and head.
 Procedures like Kavala, Gandusha, Aschotana, Anjana,
Shirobasti etc. are mentioned.
61 to 63- Asrugdhara, Yonivyapat, Streeroga
Chikitsa:
 On gynaecological diseases.
 Preparations like Sidha Ghrita, taila, Kwatha are prescribed
for internal and external uses.
 Swarna Prayoga in Yonivyapat Chikitsa. Swarna, Tamra
and Rajatha Bhasmas are mixed with ghee, should be given
to women. It purifies the reproductive system and creates
favourable ground for conception .
 Formulations like Loma shatana yoga was explained.
 Treatment of Streeroga is mentioned along with the
management of Miscarriage.
 Divine therapy in the management of Stree rogas are
mentioned. e.g.- Garbha Chyavana Mantra
 Aparapatana Upahara is also described in detail .
64. BalaRoga Chikitsa:
 Treatment for various Pediatric diseases.
 Kustadi Lehya with Honey and Ghrita should be
administered to a new born baby – Ayurvarnakaram.
 Treatment of various umbilical problems, eye diseases in
children are mentioned.
 Features of Grahadosa and their treatment are compiled
from Kumaratantra by Ravana.
65. Visha chikitsa:
 General treatment of snake bite, ingested poison,
Garavisha etc. are mentioned.
 Mootrasanjeevana Agada – herbomineral preparation
prepared in Pushya Nakshatra relieves all types of poisons.
66. Rasayandhikara:
 Various herbal Rasayanas are mentioned in the text like
Pippali Rasayana, Aswagandha Rasayana etc.
 Paryushita Jala Prayoga : Regular intake of water in early
morning alleviates all the diseases caused by Vata. Pitha,
Kapha and Raktha.
 It is stated that Jala Nasya in early morning act as Rasayana ,
corrects vision and alleviates wrinkles etc.
 Amritasara Loha is described. Reference – Lauha sastra by
Nagarjuna.
 Pure water or milk should be taken as Anupana after
consuming Amritasara Lauha.
 Treatment of constipation , caused after intake of Amrita
sara Loha – hot water or milk, tender coconut water or warm
water mixed with Yava Kshara or Triphala kwatha.
 First dose – 2 Ratti for 3 days. From fourth day onwards it
should be gradually increased up to 8 gms.
 Samanya Loha bhasma Prayoga was explained.
 Shilajatu Rasayana, types of Shilajatu, its Anupana,
restrictions, and production of Shilajatu are explained.
 Shiva gutika, and its Anupanas are explained.
67. Vajikaranadhikara:
 All the drugs or substances which are Madhura, Snigdha,
Jeevana, Brhmana, Guru and Harshana are considered as
Vrishya.
 It includes various Ghritas, Choornas, oils etc.
Chapter 68 to 69: ( Snehadhikara &
Swedadikara).
 Indications, Contraindications, doses and Anupana , diets
to be followed after Sneha – Sweda are explained.
 Various formulations for Snehana and types of Swedana
and excessive sudation treatment is described.
Chapter 70 to 78:
 Various formulations, indications and contraindications-
Vamana & Virechana.
 Anuvasana Basti, Niruha basti are described.
 Various Kshra basti formulations containing Gomutra are
described.
 Chapter74- Nasya Karma and its indications.
 Dhooma pana, Kavala, Gandoosa, Aschyotana, Anjana,
Tarpana and Putapaka are described.
 Chapter 78- Siravyadha procedures.
 Location of siravyadha, indications, contraindications,
excess bleeding treatment and diet after siravyadha is also
described.
 Chapter 79. Swasathadhikara:
 Daily routine for healthy living is described.
 Vyayama is also advised.
 Ritucharya is also described.
 At the end of the book information about the author is
given.
 Commentaries on Chakradatta:
 Ratnaprabha – by Nischalakara in 13th century A.D.
 Another authored by Shivadasa sen in 15th century A.D.
 Practical aspects of Chakradatta:
 Several herbal and herbomineral formulations are
prescribed in Chakradatta which are useful for the
Ayurvedic practitioners.
 Use of Kshara basti in Niruhadhikara - Vatavyadhis
 Chakrapani described assistive and surgical procedures
like Kshara Sootra – gained popularity in the management
of Sinus and fistula in ano .
 Routine for healthy is very well described.
 Recommends 6 therapeutic modalities for Amavata like
Langhana, Swedana, Tikta Deepana Katu dravya,
Virechana, Sneha pana and Basti respectively.
 Formulations like Yogaraja guggulu, Simhanada guggulu,
Rasanasaptaka kwatha, Panchakola Kashayam,
Nagara Choorna, Eranda taila, etc. are described .
 Many new herbs are introduced in the formulation such as
Asthisamhara or Asthi Sandhana ( Cissus quadrangularis )
commonly used in traditional practices and for its bone
healing activity.
 Demerits :
 only the line of treatment is given for the diseases.
 Description of the diseases, signs and symptoms are not
given in the text.
conclusion :
 This book mainly deals with the therapeutics.
 The line of treatment for the diseases is given systematically.
 The therapeutic principles specific for the disease recommended
by Chakradatta are beneficial even today for the practitioners of
Ayurveda and researches also.
 Chakradatta withstood like a rock against the waves of changing
times and situations and even today it is admired and followed
by many scholars, physicians etc.
THANK YOU

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CHAKRADATTA BOOK REVIEW

  • 1. BOOK REVIEW BY Dr ANJANA.P FINAL YEAR PG R&B DEPARTMENT GOVT.AYURVEDA COLLEGE TRIPUNITHURA KERALA CHAKRADATTA
  • 2. INTRODUCTION:  Also known as Chikitsa Sangraha.  Author: Chakrapani Datta, son of Narayana Datta, kitchen superintendent & minister of King Nayapaala .  His elder brother Bhanudatta, was a royal physician to the king Nayapaala.  Period: 11th century A.D.  Acknowledges Naradatta as his guru, who inspired his writings, particularly his commentary on Charaka Samhita. .
  • 3.  Contributed compendia viz.  Ayurveda Deepika – Commentary on Charaka Samhita  Bhanumati – Commentary on Susruta Samhita  Chikitsa Sangraha  Vyagradaridrasubhankara  Dravyaguna Sangraha  Sabdachandrika  Muktavali  Vyakaranatatva Chandrika
  • 4.  Subject matter of Chakradatta at Glance :  Composed of 4800 verses which are divided in to 79 chapters.  Out of the 50 sources acknowledged by Chakrapani, from where he was inspired for the verses, the principal source of the book as stated by the author himself at the end, is Vrnda’s Sidhayoga.  The chapters are divided as per the diseases, clinical symptoms, therapeutic procedures and include a chapter on preventive medicine too.
  • 5.  First 65 chapters are in the order of Madhava Nidana, where Chakradatta deals with the therapeutics of that diseases only.  Chapter 66 & 67 – Rasayana & Vajikarana  Chapter 68 to 77 – Pancha karma procedures & formulations for that procedures.  Chapter 78 & 79 – Siravyadha & Dinacharya, Ritucharya etc.
  • 6.  Various Daivavyapasraya Chikitsa and various Mantras are mentioned in the text.  Information about the author can be found at the end of the text book.
  • 7.  Chapter discussion: 1. Jwara Chikitsa:  First of all Chakrapani paid respectful salutation to the Lord Shiva.  The line of treatment of Jwara and types of Jwara are prescribed.  Daivavyapasraya karma for Jwara is prescribed as Mantra, worship of Lord Shiva along with the goddess and reciting Vishnusahasranamam.  Sneha paka Paribhasha & Sneha paka Pareeksha are mentioned .
  • 8. 2 &3. Jwaratisara and Atisara Chikitsa:  Treatment of Atisara associated with Jwara are mentioned.  Langhana is mentioned first, then various diets like Peya, Vilepi etc. are mentioned.  Features of Ama and Pakwa Pureesha are mentioned.  Line of treatment for Atisara is given, with various formulations and Pathyas.
  • 9. 4. Grahani Chikitsa:  Line of treatment for Grahani vikara is described.  Ama Pachana, Langhana, Vamana, Virechana etc. , Laghu Ahara like Panchakola Peya should be given first followed by other Deepana-Pachana Dravyas.  Various herbal combinations and metallic preparations are explained. e.g. Takrarista, Ayamakanjika, Kalyana Guda etc.  Rasaparpati Prayoga in Grahani is the main contribution of this book.
  • 10. 5- 55 - Arsa Chikitsa to Kshudra roga Chikitsa:  Pattern same as that of above chapters.  Line of treatment according to the diseases is described.  Use of Rasa gutika – in Arsa Roga  External application of Parada with Dhattura patra Swarasa or Nagavalli Swarasa in Krimi Chikitsa.  Navayasa Loha – Pandu Roga Chikitsa  Ayoraja Prayoga, Mandura Prayoga, Punarna Mandura in Pandu Chikitsa.
  • 11.  Loha Bhasma, Shanka Choorna, Mandura Prayoga, Mriddarashringa Bhasma in Soola Chikitsa.  Shilajatu Prayoga with Veerataradi gana or vasa Kashaya in Mootraghata Chikitsa.  Shilajatu Prayoga in Prameha Chikitsa.  In Yakrut Pleeha Chikitsa – Lokanatha rasa, Samudra Shuktika Bhasma .  Kusta Chikitsa – Gandha Pashana Choorna  Amla pitta Chikitsa – explained Shodhana procedures of
  • 12. Abhraka, Loha, Mandura, Gandhaka etc.  Masoorika Chikitsa – Kajjali Prayoga. 56 to 60 – Mukha roga to Shiroroga:  Mainly deals with diseases pertaining to mouth, nose, ear , throat and head.  Procedures like Kavala, Gandusha, Aschotana, Anjana, Shirobasti etc. are mentioned.
  • 13. 61 to 63- Asrugdhara, Yonivyapat, Streeroga Chikitsa:  On gynaecological diseases.  Preparations like Sidha Ghrita, taila, Kwatha are prescribed for internal and external uses.  Swarna Prayoga in Yonivyapat Chikitsa. Swarna, Tamra and Rajatha Bhasmas are mixed with ghee, should be given to women. It purifies the reproductive system and creates favourable ground for conception .  Formulations like Loma shatana yoga was explained.
  • 14.  Treatment of Streeroga is mentioned along with the management of Miscarriage.  Divine therapy in the management of Stree rogas are mentioned. e.g.- Garbha Chyavana Mantra  Aparapatana Upahara is also described in detail . 64. BalaRoga Chikitsa:  Treatment for various Pediatric diseases.  Kustadi Lehya with Honey and Ghrita should be administered to a new born baby – Ayurvarnakaram.
  • 15.  Treatment of various umbilical problems, eye diseases in children are mentioned.  Features of Grahadosa and their treatment are compiled from Kumaratantra by Ravana. 65. Visha chikitsa:  General treatment of snake bite, ingested poison, Garavisha etc. are mentioned.  Mootrasanjeevana Agada – herbomineral preparation prepared in Pushya Nakshatra relieves all types of poisons.
  • 16. 66. Rasayandhikara:  Various herbal Rasayanas are mentioned in the text like Pippali Rasayana, Aswagandha Rasayana etc.  Paryushita Jala Prayoga : Regular intake of water in early morning alleviates all the diseases caused by Vata. Pitha, Kapha and Raktha.  It is stated that Jala Nasya in early morning act as Rasayana , corrects vision and alleviates wrinkles etc.  Amritasara Loha is described. Reference – Lauha sastra by Nagarjuna.
  • 17.  Pure water or milk should be taken as Anupana after consuming Amritasara Lauha.  Treatment of constipation , caused after intake of Amrita sara Loha – hot water or milk, tender coconut water or warm water mixed with Yava Kshara or Triphala kwatha.  First dose – 2 Ratti for 3 days. From fourth day onwards it should be gradually increased up to 8 gms.  Samanya Loha bhasma Prayoga was explained.
  • 18.  Shilajatu Rasayana, types of Shilajatu, its Anupana, restrictions, and production of Shilajatu are explained.  Shiva gutika, and its Anupanas are explained. 67. Vajikaranadhikara:  All the drugs or substances which are Madhura, Snigdha, Jeevana, Brhmana, Guru and Harshana are considered as Vrishya.  It includes various Ghritas, Choornas, oils etc.
  • 19. Chapter 68 to 69: ( Snehadhikara & Swedadikara).  Indications, Contraindications, doses and Anupana , diets to be followed after Sneha – Sweda are explained.  Various formulations for Snehana and types of Swedana and excessive sudation treatment is described. Chapter 70 to 78:  Various formulations, indications and contraindications- Vamana & Virechana.
  • 20.  Anuvasana Basti, Niruha basti are described.  Various Kshra basti formulations containing Gomutra are described.  Chapter74- Nasya Karma and its indications.  Dhooma pana, Kavala, Gandoosa, Aschyotana, Anjana, Tarpana and Putapaka are described.  Chapter 78- Siravyadha procedures.  Location of siravyadha, indications, contraindications, excess bleeding treatment and diet after siravyadha is also described.
  • 21.  Chapter 79. Swasathadhikara:  Daily routine for healthy living is described.  Vyayama is also advised.  Ritucharya is also described.  At the end of the book information about the author is given.
  • 22.  Commentaries on Chakradatta:  Ratnaprabha – by Nischalakara in 13th century A.D.  Another authored by Shivadasa sen in 15th century A.D.  Practical aspects of Chakradatta:  Several herbal and herbomineral formulations are prescribed in Chakradatta which are useful for the Ayurvedic practitioners.  Use of Kshara basti in Niruhadhikara - Vatavyadhis
  • 23.  Chakrapani described assistive and surgical procedures like Kshara Sootra – gained popularity in the management of Sinus and fistula in ano .  Routine for healthy is very well described.  Recommends 6 therapeutic modalities for Amavata like Langhana, Swedana, Tikta Deepana Katu dravya, Virechana, Sneha pana and Basti respectively.  Formulations like Yogaraja guggulu, Simhanada guggulu, Rasanasaptaka kwatha, Panchakola Kashayam,
  • 24. Nagara Choorna, Eranda taila, etc. are described .  Many new herbs are introduced in the formulation such as Asthisamhara or Asthi Sandhana ( Cissus quadrangularis ) commonly used in traditional practices and for its bone healing activity.  Demerits :  only the line of treatment is given for the diseases.  Description of the diseases, signs and symptoms are not given in the text.
  • 25. conclusion :  This book mainly deals with the therapeutics.  The line of treatment for the diseases is given systematically.  The therapeutic principles specific for the disease recommended by Chakradatta are beneficial even today for the practitioners of Ayurveda and researches also.  Chakradatta withstood like a rock against the waves of changing times and situations and even today it is admired and followed by many scholars, physicians etc.