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BIM BIM
Toe Myint Naing
CONSTRUCTION 4.0
7/1/20XX Pitch deck title 4
Construction 4.0 is a process of encouraging the digitization of the construction industry and its supply chain from automated
production to a greater level of digitalization.
1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0
Mechanisation
Manual (simple tools),
No technology, intensive power
E.g.: Manual Drawing
Autonomation
Internet base, software, fully autonomation,
robots, modern method construction
E.g.: 3D drawing / BIM
Semi-Autonomation
Electricity, Semi-Autonomation,
Human and machine
E.g.: 2D CAD
Machine Learning
Smart automation/construction, Construction 4.0
technology, less dependency on labour
E.g.: nD BIM, IoT, AI, Cloud Sharing, Block Chain
7/1/20XX Pitch deck title 5
6
modelling technology and associated set of tools
& processes to produce, communicate, analyse and use
of digital information models throughout construction
project life-cycle
-Malaysia BIM Steering Committee, 2013
A
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
A COMMON CONSENSUS ABOUT BIM
Modelling
Technology & set
of processes
Digital
Information
Models
Construction
Project
Life-cycle
7
Modelling software to develop
3D BIM model
Intelligent 3D BIM model
which contain comprehensive
construction information
Design, Construction and
Management phases
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
BIM DIMENSIONS
8
©(BOSURGI ET AL.).
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
METHODOLOGY BEYOND BIM
9
To increase collaboration, the usage of new technologies in the construction industry and the implementing of new approaches such
as Lean Construction methodology, it’s supposed to be the point of inflection of the construction industry productivity.
1. Transport
2. Inventory
3. Motion
4. Waiting
5. Over processing
6. Over production
7. Defects
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
BIM APPROACH
10
Need certain decisions at an early stage.
No room for error of interpretation in the documentation as we are building it digitally at 1:1 scale.
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
11
BIM PROJECT LIFE-CYCLE
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
12
LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT (LoD)
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
13
BIM PROJECT LIFE-CYCLE
2D data exchange BIM interoperability
Architect Architect
Installer
Engineer
Structural
Engineer
Installer
Engineer
Structural
Engineer
Project
Manager
Builder Construction
Manager
Facility
Manager
Facility
Manager
Construction
Manager
Builder
Project
Manager
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
14
BIM USES
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
15
BIM USES
A process in which a project team develops a 3D model of
the existing conditions for a site,
Resources Required
• Building Information Model modeling software
• Laser scanning point cloud manipulation software
• 3D Laser scanning
• Conventional surveying equipment
Potential Value:
• Enhances the efficiency and accuracy of existing
conditions documentation
• Aids in future modeling and 3D design coordination
• Provides detailed layout information
• Pre-Disaster planning
• Post-Disaster record
• Use for visualization purposes
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
16
BIM USES
❑ To generate a detailed measurement of materials and
❑ To generate auto cost estimation for the whole project.
It allows the project team to see how their changes affect
the project’s total cost.
Resources Required
• Model-based estimating software
• An accurately built design model
• Cost data (Including MasterFormat and Uniformat
data)
Potential Value:
• Assisting in the early decision-making progress
• Improving estimating quality by visualizing the whole
project
• Providing precise material quantity and reducing time
on cost estimation
• Helping to explore the different design options and
methods within the budget.
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
17
BIM USES
❑ To plan the building phase in renovation, retrofit, and
expanding processes
❑ To show the virtual view of the construction sequences
and space requirements of the building at any point in
time.
❑ To validate the progress of completed work,
❑ To demonstrate the progress to the owner, improve
health and safety efficiency, and
❑ To remind the owner to pay the bill to the subcontractor
for the completed work
Resources Required
• Scheduling Software
• An accurately built design model
Potential Value:
• Reveling lead-time, construction, and installing time
before construction starts
• Offering multiple solutions to space conflicts on
construction site
• Monitoring procurement status of project materials
• Managing human resources, equipment, machine, and
material in a project with the visual BIM model
provide more accurate schedule
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
18
BIM USES
❑ To efficiently and accurately assess design performance
in regard to spatial requirements.
Resources Required
• Design Authoring Software
• Programming Software
Potential Value:
• Efficient and accurate assessment of design
performance in regard to spatial requirements by
the owner.
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
19
BIM USES
❑ To evaluate properties in a given area to determine the
most optimal site location for a future project.
Resources Required
• Design Authoring Software
• GIS software
Potential Value:
• Use calculated decision making to determine if
potential sites meet the required criteria according
to project requirements, technical factors, and
financial factors
• Decrease costs of utility demand and demolition
• Increase energy efficiency
• Minimize the risk of hazardous material
• Maximize return on investment
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
20
BIM USES
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
❑ For stakeholders to view a 3D model and provide their
feedbacks to validate multiple design aspects.
An example: To create a highly detailed model of a small
portion of the building, such as a facade to quickly analyze
design alternatives and solve design and constructability
issues. Resources Required
• Design Review Software
• Interactive review space
• Hardware which is capable of processing
potential large model files
Potential Value:
• Eliminate costly and timely traditional construction
mock-ups
• Easily communicate the design to the owner,
construction team and end users
• Get instant feedback on meeting program
requirements, owner’s needs and building or space
aesthetics
• Consider different design options and alternatives
and easy to change on owner feedbacks
21
BIM USES
❑ To develop a Building Information Model based on
criteria
❑ design authoring tools
❑ audit and analysis tools
Resources Required
• Design Authoring Software
Potential Value:
• Transparency of design for all stakeholders
• Improve control and quality control of design, cost
and schedule
• Enable powerful design visualization
• Enable true collaboration between project
stakeholders and BIM users
• Improve quality control and assurance
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
22
BIM USES
❑ To determine the behavior of a given structural system.
Resources Required
• Design Authoring Software
• Structural Engineering analysis tools and software
• Design standards and codes
• Adequate hardware for running software
Potential Value:
• Save time and cost on creating extra models
• Easier transition BIM authoring tools allowing new
firms implementing this use model
• Faster return on investment by applying audit and
analysis tools for engineering analyses
• Improve the quality of the design analyses
• Reduce the cycle time of the design analyses
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
23
BIM USES
❑ To perform a quantitative and aesthetic review of the
lighting conditions within a space or on a surface or
series of surfaces.
❑ Daylighting analysis
❑ Artificial lighting analysis.
Resources Required
• A model with 3D information of all objects that
influence lighting conditions. This may include some
finish properties and furnishings within the model
depending upon the detail desired within the lighting
analysis.
• A lighting analysis software to perform renderings
and lighting calculations
Potential Value:
• Visually review lighting conditions
• Provide quantitative results for energy use
calculations
• Show daylight impact on a space
• Allow for review of space for placement of daylight
sensors
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
24
BIM USES
❑ To conduct energy assessments for the current building
design.
❑ To inspect building energy standard compatibility and
❑ To seek opportunities to optimize the proposed design
to reduce structure’s life-cycle costs.
Resources Required
• Building Energy Simulation and Analysis Software(s)
• Well-adjusted Building 3D-BIM Model
• Detailed Local Weather Data
• National/Local Building Energy Standards (e.g.,
ASHRAE Standard 90.1)
Potential Value:
• Save time and costs by obtaining building and system
information automatically from the building
information model instead of inputting data manually
• Improve building energy prediction accuracy by auto
determining building information such as geometries,
volumes precisely from BIM model
• Help with building energy code verification
• Optimize building design for better building
performance efficiency and reduce building life-
cycle cost
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
25
BIM USES
❑ To eliminate the major system conflicts prior to installation.
❑ Clash Detection software is used during the coordination process to determine field
conflicts by comparing 3D models of building systems.
Resources Required
• Design Authoring Software
• Model Review application
Potential Value:
• Reduce and eliminate field conflicts; which reduces RFI’s significantly compared to other
methods
• Visualize construction
• Reduced construction cost; potentially less cost growth (i.e., less change orders)
• Decrease construction time
• Increase productivity on site
• More accurate as-built drawings
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
26
BIM USES
❑ To graphically represent both permanent and
temporary facilities on site during multiple phases of
the construction process.
Resources Required
• Design authoring software
• Scheduling software
• 4D model integration software
• Detailed existing conditions site plan
Potential Value:
• Efficiently generate site usage layout for temporary
facilities, assembly areas, and material deliveries for
all phases of construction
• Quickly identify potential and critical space and time
conflicts
• Accurately evaluate site layout for safety concerns
• Select a feasible construction scheme
• Effectively communicate construction sequence and
layout to all interested parties
• Easily update site organization and space usage as
construction progresses
• Minimize the amount of time spent performing site
utilization planning
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
27
BIM USES
❑ To layout facility assemblies or automates control of
equipment’s movement and location.
An example: create the layout of walls using a total station with
points preloaded and/or using GPS coordinates to determine if
proper excavation depth is reached.
Resources Required
• Machinery with GPS capabilities
• Digital Layout Equipment
• Model Transition Software
Potential Value:
• Decrease layout errors by linking model with real-world
coordinates
• Increase efficiency and productivity by decreasing the
time spent surveying in the field
• Reduce rework because control points are received
directly from the model
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
28
BIM USES
❑ To incorporate the actual progress of real site
physical condition, environment of a facility, and its
assets
❑ To deliver complete recorded information of the As-
Build model to the owner or the facility manager.
Resources Required
• 3D Model Manipulation Tools
• Compliant Model Authoring Tools to Accommodate
Required Deliverable
• Access to Essential Information in Electronic Format
• Database of Assets and Equipment with Metadata
Potential Value:
• Providing the owner with the detail of the building,
furniture, accessories, and room areas.
• Providing future modelling and 3D design
coordination for renovation or equipment
replacement in the future
• Improving future uses by providing environment
documentation.
• Promoting repeat business for similar projects
• Visualizing as-built model of site works
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
29
BIM USES
❑ To check the functionality of the building structure (walls,
floors, roof, etc) and equipment serving the building
(mechanical, electrical, plumbing, etc) are maintained over the
operational life of a facility.
Resources Required
• Design review software to view Record Model and
components
• Building Automation System (BAS) linked to Record Model
• Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS)
linked to Record Model
• User-Friendly Dashboard Interface linked to Record Model
to provide building performance information and/or other
information to educate building users
Potential Value:
• Plan maintenance activities proactively and appropriately
allocate maintenance staff
• Track maintenance history
• Reduce corrective maintenance and emergency maintenance
repairs
• Increase productivity of maintenance staff because the
physical location of equipment/system is clearly understood
• Evaluate different maintenance approaches based on cost
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
30
BIM USES
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
❑ To measures how a building’s performance compares to the
specified design.
❑ mechanical system
❑ energy analysis
❑ ventilated façade studies,
❑ lighting analysis,
❑ internal and external CFD airflow, and
❑ solar analysis.
Resources Required
• Building Systems Analysis Software (Energy, Lighting,
Mechanical, Other)
Potential Value:
• Ensure building is operating to specified design and
sustainable standards
• Identify opportunities to modify system operations to
improve performance
• Create a “what if” scenario and change different materials
throughout the building to show better or worse
performance conditions
THANK YOU
31
20/Aug/22 BIM BIM

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BIM BIM.pdf

  • 2. CONSTRUCTION 4.0 7/1/20XX Pitch deck title 4 Construction 4.0 is a process of encouraging the digitization of the construction industry and its supply chain from automated production to a greater level of digitalization. 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Mechanisation Manual (simple tools), No technology, intensive power E.g.: Manual Drawing Autonomation Internet base, software, fully autonomation, robots, modern method construction E.g.: 3D drawing / BIM Semi-Autonomation Electricity, Semi-Autonomation, Human and machine E.g.: 2D CAD Machine Learning Smart automation/construction, Construction 4.0 technology, less dependency on labour E.g.: nD BIM, IoT, AI, Cloud Sharing, Block Chain
  • 4. 6 modelling technology and associated set of tools & processes to produce, communicate, analyse and use of digital information models throughout construction project life-cycle -Malaysia BIM Steering Committee, 2013 A 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 5. A COMMON CONSENSUS ABOUT BIM Modelling Technology & set of processes Digital Information Models Construction Project Life-cycle 7 Modelling software to develop 3D BIM model Intelligent 3D BIM model which contain comprehensive construction information Design, Construction and Management phases 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 6. BIM DIMENSIONS 8 ©(BOSURGI ET AL.). 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 7. METHODOLOGY BEYOND BIM 9 To increase collaboration, the usage of new technologies in the construction industry and the implementing of new approaches such as Lean Construction methodology, it’s supposed to be the point of inflection of the construction industry productivity. 1. Transport 2. Inventory 3. Motion 4. Waiting 5. Over processing 6. Over production 7. Defects 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 8. BIM APPROACH 10 Need certain decisions at an early stage. No room for error of interpretation in the documentation as we are building it digitally at 1:1 scale. 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 10. 12 LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT (LoD) 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 11. 13 BIM PROJECT LIFE-CYCLE 2D data exchange BIM interoperability Architect Architect Installer Engineer Structural Engineer Installer Engineer Structural Engineer Project Manager Builder Construction Manager Facility Manager Facility Manager Construction Manager Builder Project Manager 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 13. 15 BIM USES A process in which a project team develops a 3D model of the existing conditions for a site, Resources Required • Building Information Model modeling software • Laser scanning point cloud manipulation software • 3D Laser scanning • Conventional surveying equipment Potential Value: • Enhances the efficiency and accuracy of existing conditions documentation • Aids in future modeling and 3D design coordination • Provides detailed layout information • Pre-Disaster planning • Post-Disaster record • Use for visualization purposes 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 14. 16 BIM USES ❑ To generate a detailed measurement of materials and ❑ To generate auto cost estimation for the whole project. It allows the project team to see how their changes affect the project’s total cost. Resources Required • Model-based estimating software • An accurately built design model • Cost data (Including MasterFormat and Uniformat data) Potential Value: • Assisting in the early decision-making progress • Improving estimating quality by visualizing the whole project • Providing precise material quantity and reducing time on cost estimation • Helping to explore the different design options and methods within the budget. 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 15. 17 BIM USES ❑ To plan the building phase in renovation, retrofit, and expanding processes ❑ To show the virtual view of the construction sequences and space requirements of the building at any point in time. ❑ To validate the progress of completed work, ❑ To demonstrate the progress to the owner, improve health and safety efficiency, and ❑ To remind the owner to pay the bill to the subcontractor for the completed work Resources Required • Scheduling Software • An accurately built design model Potential Value: • Reveling lead-time, construction, and installing time before construction starts • Offering multiple solutions to space conflicts on construction site • Monitoring procurement status of project materials • Managing human resources, equipment, machine, and material in a project with the visual BIM model provide more accurate schedule 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 16. 18 BIM USES ❑ To efficiently and accurately assess design performance in regard to spatial requirements. Resources Required • Design Authoring Software • Programming Software Potential Value: • Efficient and accurate assessment of design performance in regard to spatial requirements by the owner. 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 17. 19 BIM USES ❑ To evaluate properties in a given area to determine the most optimal site location for a future project. Resources Required • Design Authoring Software • GIS software Potential Value: • Use calculated decision making to determine if potential sites meet the required criteria according to project requirements, technical factors, and financial factors • Decrease costs of utility demand and demolition • Increase energy efficiency • Minimize the risk of hazardous material • Maximize return on investment 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 18. 20 BIM USES 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM ❑ For stakeholders to view a 3D model and provide their feedbacks to validate multiple design aspects. An example: To create a highly detailed model of a small portion of the building, such as a facade to quickly analyze design alternatives and solve design and constructability issues. Resources Required • Design Review Software • Interactive review space • Hardware which is capable of processing potential large model files Potential Value: • Eliminate costly and timely traditional construction mock-ups • Easily communicate the design to the owner, construction team and end users • Get instant feedback on meeting program requirements, owner’s needs and building or space aesthetics • Consider different design options and alternatives and easy to change on owner feedbacks
  • 19. 21 BIM USES ❑ To develop a Building Information Model based on criteria ❑ design authoring tools ❑ audit and analysis tools Resources Required • Design Authoring Software Potential Value: • Transparency of design for all stakeholders • Improve control and quality control of design, cost and schedule • Enable powerful design visualization • Enable true collaboration between project stakeholders and BIM users • Improve quality control and assurance 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 20. 22 BIM USES ❑ To determine the behavior of a given structural system. Resources Required • Design Authoring Software • Structural Engineering analysis tools and software • Design standards and codes • Adequate hardware for running software Potential Value: • Save time and cost on creating extra models • Easier transition BIM authoring tools allowing new firms implementing this use model • Faster return on investment by applying audit and analysis tools for engineering analyses • Improve the quality of the design analyses • Reduce the cycle time of the design analyses 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 21. 23 BIM USES ❑ To perform a quantitative and aesthetic review of the lighting conditions within a space or on a surface or series of surfaces. ❑ Daylighting analysis ❑ Artificial lighting analysis. Resources Required • A model with 3D information of all objects that influence lighting conditions. This may include some finish properties and furnishings within the model depending upon the detail desired within the lighting analysis. • A lighting analysis software to perform renderings and lighting calculations Potential Value: • Visually review lighting conditions • Provide quantitative results for energy use calculations • Show daylight impact on a space • Allow for review of space for placement of daylight sensors 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 22. 24 BIM USES ❑ To conduct energy assessments for the current building design. ❑ To inspect building energy standard compatibility and ❑ To seek opportunities to optimize the proposed design to reduce structure’s life-cycle costs. Resources Required • Building Energy Simulation and Analysis Software(s) • Well-adjusted Building 3D-BIM Model • Detailed Local Weather Data • National/Local Building Energy Standards (e.g., ASHRAE Standard 90.1) Potential Value: • Save time and costs by obtaining building and system information automatically from the building information model instead of inputting data manually • Improve building energy prediction accuracy by auto determining building information such as geometries, volumes precisely from BIM model • Help with building energy code verification • Optimize building design for better building performance efficiency and reduce building life- cycle cost 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 23. 25 BIM USES ❑ To eliminate the major system conflicts prior to installation. ❑ Clash Detection software is used during the coordination process to determine field conflicts by comparing 3D models of building systems. Resources Required • Design Authoring Software • Model Review application Potential Value: • Reduce and eliminate field conflicts; which reduces RFI’s significantly compared to other methods • Visualize construction • Reduced construction cost; potentially less cost growth (i.e., less change orders) • Decrease construction time • Increase productivity on site • More accurate as-built drawings 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 24. 26 BIM USES ❑ To graphically represent both permanent and temporary facilities on site during multiple phases of the construction process. Resources Required • Design authoring software • Scheduling software • 4D model integration software • Detailed existing conditions site plan Potential Value: • Efficiently generate site usage layout for temporary facilities, assembly areas, and material deliveries for all phases of construction • Quickly identify potential and critical space and time conflicts • Accurately evaluate site layout for safety concerns • Select a feasible construction scheme • Effectively communicate construction sequence and layout to all interested parties • Easily update site organization and space usage as construction progresses • Minimize the amount of time spent performing site utilization planning 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 25. 27 BIM USES ❑ To layout facility assemblies or automates control of equipment’s movement and location. An example: create the layout of walls using a total station with points preloaded and/or using GPS coordinates to determine if proper excavation depth is reached. Resources Required • Machinery with GPS capabilities • Digital Layout Equipment • Model Transition Software Potential Value: • Decrease layout errors by linking model with real-world coordinates • Increase efficiency and productivity by decreasing the time spent surveying in the field • Reduce rework because control points are received directly from the model 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 26. 28 BIM USES ❑ To incorporate the actual progress of real site physical condition, environment of a facility, and its assets ❑ To deliver complete recorded information of the As- Build model to the owner or the facility manager. Resources Required • 3D Model Manipulation Tools • Compliant Model Authoring Tools to Accommodate Required Deliverable • Access to Essential Information in Electronic Format • Database of Assets and Equipment with Metadata Potential Value: • Providing the owner with the detail of the building, furniture, accessories, and room areas. • Providing future modelling and 3D design coordination for renovation or equipment replacement in the future • Improving future uses by providing environment documentation. • Promoting repeat business for similar projects • Visualizing as-built model of site works 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 27. 29 BIM USES ❑ To check the functionality of the building structure (walls, floors, roof, etc) and equipment serving the building (mechanical, electrical, plumbing, etc) are maintained over the operational life of a facility. Resources Required • Design review software to view Record Model and components • Building Automation System (BAS) linked to Record Model • Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) linked to Record Model • User-Friendly Dashboard Interface linked to Record Model to provide building performance information and/or other information to educate building users Potential Value: • Plan maintenance activities proactively and appropriately allocate maintenance staff • Track maintenance history • Reduce corrective maintenance and emergency maintenance repairs • Increase productivity of maintenance staff because the physical location of equipment/system is clearly understood • Evaluate different maintenance approaches based on cost 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM
  • 28. 30 BIM USES 20/Aug/22 BIM BIM ❑ To measures how a building’s performance compares to the specified design. ❑ mechanical system ❑ energy analysis ❑ ventilated façade studies, ❑ lighting analysis, ❑ internal and external CFD airflow, and ❑ solar analysis. Resources Required • Building Systems Analysis Software (Energy, Lighting, Mechanical, Other) Potential Value: • Ensure building is operating to specified design and sustainable standards • Identify opportunities to modify system operations to improve performance • Create a “what if” scenario and change different materials throughout the building to show better or worse performance conditions