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VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES
LESSON PLANNING
•   TOPIC: ANIMALS, VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES
•   LEVEL: 3RD COURSE PRIMARY EDUCATION
•   TIME: 10 SESSIONS
•   DESCRIPTION OF LESSONS:
           - Animals
           - Vertebrates
           - Invertebrates
READING ACTIVITY
2.Tadpole




                                             3. They grow
1. Frog’s eggs                                   legs




                 4. And finally!! The frog
Spinal column




                Skeleton
Fish live in water and breather through gills. Their skin is
      covered in scales and they have fins to swim.
2.- AMPHIBIANS

Amphibians can live in water and on land. Their babies live in the
  water and breathe through gills. The adults breathe through
                   lungs and through their skin.




                                              Newt


              Frog
3.- REPTILES
A lot of reptiles live on land and some in water. They breath
through lungs. Their skin is covered in scales and some have a
                                shell.



                             Snake
                                             Tortoise



                                     shell
                    scales
4.- BIRDS
  Birds live on land and in the air. They breath through lungs. They
                        have feathers and wings.

eagle                                 feathers



                                                  wings




                      hummingbird
5.- MAMMALS
A lot live on land, some in water. They breathe through lungs. Their
        body is covered in skin and fur. Their babies feed on their
                              mother’s milk.




                                                 bears




              seals


                                fur
(1)   (3)   (2)
c) How they reproduce:
Most vertebrates are oviparous: their babies are born from eggs laid
  by the mother (fish, amphibians, reptiles and birds)


                      turtles
                                      birds



Some vertebrates, the mammals, are viviparous: their babies are born
                  alive from their mother’s womb

                                      horses




                      Human beings
Invertebrates are animals that do not have a spinal
 column or a skeleton made of bones. Some invertebrates
      are: jellyfish, worms, molluscs and arthropods
jellyfish



            jellyfish               snail



                                             worms

 arthropods                     molluscs



                        earthworm
Most of the animals on The Earth are invertebrates, many of
  them live in the sea and are very small
• They have a soft body because they do not have skeletons.
• Many have a shell or exoskeleton to protect their soft bodies

                         shell




                                               Soft body

                                 exoskeleton
a) What they eat:
They are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.


b) How they breathe:
Some breathe through their skin, others through gills, and others
   through lungs.


c) How they reproduce:
All invertebrates are oviparous. Their offspring are called larva.
     When they grow, some of them change shape.
1.- What is a vertebrate? What type of vertebrate is a dog?
___________________________________________________
2.- What are the five groups of vertebrates?
___________________________________________________
3.- In what way can we classify vertebrates?
___________________________________________________
4.- What is an invertebrate?
___________________________________________________
5.- How do many invertebrates protect their soft bodies?
___________________________________________________
6.- How do invertebrates reproduce?
___________________________________________________
7.- In what way can we classify invertebrates?
___________________________________________________
FISH

AMPHIBIANS

REPTILES

BIRDS

MAMMALS
Write two characteristics of the following
                    animals
                ______________________________________________
                ______________________________________________




______________________________________________
______________________________________________



             ______________________________________________
             ______________________________________________




 ______________________________________________
 ______________________________________________
Answer these questions
This is an elephant, a mammal:

                  How does it breathe?



                        What does it eat?


              How does it reproduce?
VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES

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VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES

  • 2. LESSON PLANNING • TOPIC: ANIMALS, VERTEBRATES AND INVERTEBRATES • LEVEL: 3RD COURSE PRIMARY EDUCATION • TIME: 10 SESSIONS • DESCRIPTION OF LESSONS: - Animals - Vertebrates - Invertebrates
  • 4. 2.Tadpole 3. They grow 1. Frog’s eggs legs 4. And finally!! The frog
  • 5. Spinal column Skeleton
  • 6. Fish live in water and breather through gills. Their skin is covered in scales and they have fins to swim.
  • 7. 2.- AMPHIBIANS Amphibians can live in water and on land. Their babies live in the water and breathe through gills. The adults breathe through lungs and through their skin. Newt Frog
  • 8. 3.- REPTILES A lot of reptiles live on land and some in water. They breath through lungs. Their skin is covered in scales and some have a shell. Snake Tortoise shell scales
  • 9. 4.- BIRDS Birds live on land and in the air. They breath through lungs. They have feathers and wings. eagle feathers wings hummingbird
  • 10. 5.- MAMMALS A lot live on land, some in water. They breathe through lungs. Their body is covered in skin and fur. Their babies feed on their mother’s milk. bears seals fur
  • 11. (1) (3) (2)
  • 12. c) How they reproduce: Most vertebrates are oviparous: their babies are born from eggs laid by the mother (fish, amphibians, reptiles and birds) turtles birds Some vertebrates, the mammals, are viviparous: their babies are born alive from their mother’s womb horses Human beings
  • 13. Invertebrates are animals that do not have a spinal column or a skeleton made of bones. Some invertebrates are: jellyfish, worms, molluscs and arthropods jellyfish jellyfish snail worms arthropods molluscs earthworm
  • 14. Most of the animals on The Earth are invertebrates, many of them live in the sea and are very small • They have a soft body because they do not have skeletons. • Many have a shell or exoskeleton to protect their soft bodies shell Soft body exoskeleton
  • 15. a) What they eat: They are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores. b) How they breathe: Some breathe through their skin, others through gills, and others through lungs. c) How they reproduce: All invertebrates are oviparous. Their offspring are called larva. When they grow, some of them change shape.
  • 16. 1.- What is a vertebrate? What type of vertebrate is a dog? ___________________________________________________ 2.- What are the five groups of vertebrates? ___________________________________________________ 3.- In what way can we classify vertebrates? ___________________________________________________ 4.- What is an invertebrate? ___________________________________________________ 5.- How do many invertebrates protect their soft bodies? ___________________________________________________ 6.- How do invertebrates reproduce? ___________________________________________________ 7.- In what way can we classify invertebrates? ___________________________________________________
  • 18. Write two characteristics of the following animals ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
  • 19. Answer these questions This is an elephant, a mammal: How does it breathe? What does it eat? How does it reproduce?