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A Test Prep and Memory Tool:
What are Mnemonics?
 Mnemonics are memory tools that serve
  as bridges to help you recall information
  and concepts from long-term memory.
 They involve creating some form of an
  association.
 Best if used only for information that is
  difficult to recall.
Kinds of Mnemonics:
   Acronyms –
     An acronym is a word or phrase made by
      using the first letter of key words in a list of
      items to remember.
     Example:
      ○ HOMES = Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and
        Superior (the five Great Lakes)
Kinds of Mnemonics:
   Acrostics –
     An acrostic is a sentence made by using the
      first letter of key words in a list of items to
      remember.
     An example:
      ○ Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally =
        parentheses, exponents, multiplication,
        division, addition, and subtraction (represents
        the order of operations in math problems)
Kinds of Mnemonics:
   Word Associations –
     Word associations are jingles, rhymes, short
      songs, and raps that work as memory tools
      to recall information.
     Examples:
      ○ Use i before e except after c or when sounded
        like a as in neighbor and weigh.
      ○ Righty tighty, lefty loosy (to remember which
        way to turn a bolt or to tighten a jar)
      ○ In fourteen hundred and ninety-two, Columbus
        sailed the ocean blue.
Kinds of Mnemonics:
   Picture Associations-
     Picture associations are visual suggestions to
      help you to easily remember and recall
      information.
     Example:
        Term: Mao Tse-tung
       Definition: Leader of the Chinese Revolution
       Visual Association: Draw a person mowing the
       lawn, a person saying something, and a
       tongue.
Kinds of Mnemonics:
   The Loci Method –
     The loci method is a mnemonic technique that involves
      associating items or topics with specific rooms in a familiar
      building.
     Example:
      ○ Assume you have to give a speech or write an essay for a history
        class about the end of the economic boom in the 1970s. Visualize
        walking through a building on campus, like the student union:
         At the front door, picture a poster that says, “350 percent increase in oil
            prices.”
           In the hallway, picture rows of oil barrels with large Xs on them for Arab oil
            embargo
           In the cafeteria, picture food prices: hamburgers $7.50, milk $3.00, for high
            retail prices.
           In the lounge, picture posters on the walls of closed auto factories for slump
            in auto industry
           In the hall as you leave, picture people lined up for job interviews for high
            unemployment.
Sources:
 Szarlan, John, Suman Singha, and Scott
  Brown. Striving For Excellence: A
  Manual for Goal Achievement. Boston:
  Pearson, 2011. Print.
 Wong, Linda. Essential Study Skills. 6th
  ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2009.
  Print.

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Mnemonics

  • 1. A Test Prep and Memory Tool:
  • 2. What are Mnemonics?  Mnemonics are memory tools that serve as bridges to help you recall information and concepts from long-term memory.  They involve creating some form of an association.  Best if used only for information that is difficult to recall.
  • 3. Kinds of Mnemonics:  Acronyms –  An acronym is a word or phrase made by using the first letter of key words in a list of items to remember.  Example: ○ HOMES = Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior (the five Great Lakes)
  • 4. Kinds of Mnemonics:  Acrostics –  An acrostic is a sentence made by using the first letter of key words in a list of items to remember.  An example: ○ Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally = parentheses, exponents, multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction (represents the order of operations in math problems)
  • 5. Kinds of Mnemonics:  Word Associations –  Word associations are jingles, rhymes, short songs, and raps that work as memory tools to recall information.  Examples: ○ Use i before e except after c or when sounded like a as in neighbor and weigh. ○ Righty tighty, lefty loosy (to remember which way to turn a bolt or to tighten a jar) ○ In fourteen hundred and ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue.
  • 6. Kinds of Mnemonics:  Picture Associations-  Picture associations are visual suggestions to help you to easily remember and recall information.  Example: Term: Mao Tse-tung Definition: Leader of the Chinese Revolution Visual Association: Draw a person mowing the lawn, a person saying something, and a tongue.
  • 7. Kinds of Mnemonics:  The Loci Method –  The loci method is a mnemonic technique that involves associating items or topics with specific rooms in a familiar building.  Example: ○ Assume you have to give a speech or write an essay for a history class about the end of the economic boom in the 1970s. Visualize walking through a building on campus, like the student union:  At the front door, picture a poster that says, “350 percent increase in oil prices.”  In the hallway, picture rows of oil barrels with large Xs on them for Arab oil embargo  In the cafeteria, picture food prices: hamburgers $7.50, milk $3.00, for high retail prices.  In the lounge, picture posters on the walls of closed auto factories for slump in auto industry  In the hall as you leave, picture people lined up for job interviews for high unemployment.
  • 8. Sources:  Szarlan, John, Suman Singha, and Scott Brown. Striving For Excellence: A Manual for Goal Achievement. Boston: Pearson, 2011. Print.  Wong, Linda. Essential Study Skills. 6th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2009. Print.