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Effective Presentations Im 2009


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Effective Presentations Im 2009

  1. 1. How to Give an Effective Presentation Mary Markland SE Clinical Campus Librarian February 10, 2009
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Learners will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Select an appropriate topic and organize a variety of presentation types such as journal club and grand rounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Create effective slides using PowerPoint. </li></ul><ul><li>Use other presentation equipment effectively. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Selecting a Topic <ul><li>Background and knowledge of audience </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting to you </li></ul><ul><li>Read/think about topic to help focus </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm </li></ul>
  4. 4. After you’ve picked a topic... <ul><li>Questions to ask yourself </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you already know? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you need to find out? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there controversies involved? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you need to include social, statistical, community etc. information as well as medical? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Research <ul><li>Too much or too little information </li></ul><ul><li>Medline search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative terminology/spelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time frame, age groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordering articles </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>relevant, reliable, objective </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Research <ul><li>Plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Plagiarism is taking the writings, ideas or thoughts of others and passing them off as one’s own original work…Plagiarism is not restricted to long quotations; if you quote a sentence or even a memorable phrase without acknowledging it, you are plagiarizing. You can plagiarize without using the exact words of the author; if you paraphrase a passage without crediting it, you are plagiarizing.” Celia Millward’s Handbook for Writers , p. 14 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Bibliographies <ul><li>Importance </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AMA Manual of Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward J. Huth , Medical Style and Format </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Organizing Your Presentation <ul><li>3 Rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have something to say </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Say it clearly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No amount of technology can help you with Rule #1 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Organizing Your Presentation <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell the audience what you are going to tell them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell them, give examples in a variety of contexts, let audience participate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell the audience what you told them </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Countdown to the Day <ul><li>PRACTICE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Know subject thoroughly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do not read off the screen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use notes, outline as reminders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rehearse at least 3 times, no more than 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aim for planned spontaneity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eye Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember computers sense fear </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. PowerPoint <ul><li>Designing Slides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 lines/slide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 words/line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18 point minimum size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than 1 or 2 ideas/slide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light color on dark background </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch out for too many font types </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. PowerPoint <ul><li>SAVE OFTEN </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch out an outline of your talk before you start designing slides </li></ul><ul><li>Spell Check </li></ul><ul><li>Handouts - Pros and Cons </li></ul>
  13. 13. PowerPoint Skills <ul><li>Templates </li></ul><ul><li>Create a new slide </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the layout </li></ul><ul><li>Sort/rearrange your slides </li></ul><ul><li>How to import a graphic </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a text box </li></ul>
  14. 14. Other Presentation Tools <ul><li>ELMO Projector </li></ul><ul><li>Videos </li></ul><ul><li>DVDS </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Brown, Janet Dagenais. “Power research - who needs it?” Research Strategies . 1997; 15(4): 239-260. </li></ul><ul><li>Grauer, Ken. A short review on how to prepare and deliver a talk . Gainesville, Fla: Family Practice Residency Program. </li></ul><ul><li>Linstrom, Robert L. The how-to’s of powerful presentations . San Diego, Calif: Proxima Corporation; 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Westberg Jane, Jason Hilliard. Making presentations: a CIS guidebook for health professions teachers . Boulder, Colo: Center for Instructional Support; 1991. </li></ul>