Writing and Speaking


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Writing and Speaking

  1. 1.  In almost every course you will take in college, you are going to be asked to present your understanding of the course using the written word in tests, essays etc. It is important to your success in college that you master the skill of effective writing.
  2. 2.  allows you to get ideas on paper, even if you don’t think you know the concepts. enables you to see relationships between ideas. requires you to organize your thoughts. inspires creativity. enables you to share your ideas.
  3. 3. 1. Pre-write to generate ideas  Fill your mind with information from other sources.  Brainstorm, listing, free-writing1. Organize your ideas in an outline or essay map  Try beginning with a thesis statement1. Rewrite or revise to polish your work.  Read, correct, add, remove.
  4. 4.  Know & clarify your goal Define your purpose Know your audience Select a topic Narrow your topic Develop a working thesis Support your thesis
  5. 5.  It reduces the topic to a  It creates interest in the single idea, opinion, or topic. key message.  It establishes the It presents your position purpose of the paper. clearly and concisely.  It establishes the It’s a statement that can approach or pattern of be supported by organization. statistics, examples,  Each paragraph should quotes, and references. develop a point that supports your thesis.
  6. 6.  Read feedback from your instructor carefully so you can learn things that will help you in future assignments. If you’re faced with lots of red ink  take some time to recover before trying to learn  allow yourself to be disappointed  return to it with the intention of learning If you only receive a grade, ask for more feedback on the strengths and weaknesses of your paper. If you don’t understand something, ask questions.
  7. 7.  Beware of the differences in formal and informal writing. How would you word an email to a friend? To a professor? Be sure to consider the reader’s point of view.
  8. 8. Now that you have that timeless writing onpaper, it’s time to give it to the world (or yourclass) as the spoken word… Right! It’s time to stand up forth-rightly infront of your fellow human beings (gulp!) andgive an oral presentation!
  9. 9.  Clarify your objective  Persuade or inform? Analyze your audience  What do they know? What do they want to know? Who are they? What are their attitudes? Collect and organize your information Choose your visual aids  Easyto follow, allow listeners time to process, maintain eye contact with audience – don’t address the screen. Prepare your notes Practice your delivery  Rehearse aloud
  10. 10.  Make eye contact as often as possible Smile, but not excessively or inappropriately Pay attention to volume, pitch and speed of your voice Pronunciation and word choice are important Consider your appearance
  11. 11.  G – Get your audience’s attention U – “You” – don’t forget yourself I – Ideas, ideas, ideas D – Develop an organizational structure E – Exit gracefully and memorably
  12. 12. Use PREParation [P] Point of view. [R] Reasons. [E] Evidence of examples. [P] Point of view restated.
  13. 13.  The number one reason for writing and speaking is: So make your work:  Clear  Concise  Understandable  Interesting
  14. 14.  Location: AUDB 105 940.565.2563 http://www.unt.edu/writinglab/