In almost every course you will take in college, you are going to be asked to present your understanding of the course using the written word in tests, essays etc. It is important to your success in college that you master the skill of effective writing.
allows you to get ideas on paper, even if you don’t think you know the concepts. enables you to see relationships between ideas. requires you to organize your thoughts. inspires creativity. enables you to share your ideas.
1. Pre-write to generate ideas Fill your mind with information from other sources. Brainstorm, listing, free-writing1. Organize your ideas in an outline or essay map Try beginning with a thesis statement1. Rewrite or revise to polish your work. Read, correct, add, remove.
Know & clarify your goal Define your purpose Know your audience Select a topic Narrow your topic Develop a working thesis Support your thesis
It reduces the topic to a It creates interest in the single idea, opinion, or topic. key message. It establishes the It presents your position purpose of the paper. clearly and concisely. It establishes the It’s a statement that can approach or pattern of be supported by organization. statistics, examples, Each paragraph should quotes, and references. develop a point that supports your thesis.
Read feedback from your instructor carefully so you can learn things that will help you in future assignments. If you’re faced with lots of red ink take some time to recover before trying to learn allow yourself to be disappointed return to it with the intention of learning If you only receive a grade, ask for more feedback on the strengths and weaknesses of your paper. If you don’t understand something, ask questions.
Beware of the differences in formal and informal writing. How would you word an email to a friend? To a professor? Be sure to consider the reader’s point of view.
Now that you have that timeless writing onpaper, it’s time to give it to the world (or yourclass) as the spoken word… Right! It’s time to stand up forth-rightly infront of your fellow human beings (gulp!) andgive an oral presentation!
Clarify your objective Persuade or inform? Analyze your audience What do they know? What do they want to know? Who are they? What are their attitudes? Collect and organize your information Choose your visual aids Easyto follow, allow listeners time to process, maintain eye contact with audience – don’t address the screen. Prepare your notes Practice your delivery Rehearse aloud
Make eye contact as often as possible Smile, but not excessively or inappropriately Pay attention to volume, pitch and speed of your voice Pronunciation and word choice are important Consider your appearance
G – Get your audience’s attention U – “You” – don’t forget yourself I – Ideas, ideas, ideas D – Develop an organizational structure E – Exit gracefully and memorably
Use PREParation [P] Point of view. [R] Reasons. [E] Evidence of examples. [P] Point of view restated.
The number one reason for writing and speaking is: So make your work: Clear Concise Understandable Interesting