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# Module 19 cognitive development

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### Module 19 cognitive development

1. 1. Module 19: Cognitive development of Primary Schoolers
2. 2. Birth and Death: Born August 9, 1896  Died September 16, 1980 Jean Piaget's Early Life: He was born in Switzerland in 1896. He began showing an interest in the natural sciences at a very early age. By age 11, he had already started his career as a researcher by writing a short paper on an albino sparrow. He continued to study the natural sciences and received his Ph.D. in Zoology from University of Neuchâtel in 1918.
3. 3. Jean Piaget’s Love life He married Valentine Châtenay in 1923. They have three children His observations of his own children served as the basis for many of his later theories.
4. 4. Jean Piaget’s Concrete Operational Stage Concrete Operation  It spans from ages 7 – 11years  Is the third stage in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development.  In this stage, children have better understanding of their thinking skills. Children begin to think logically about concrete events, but have difficulty understanding abstract or hypothetical concepts, thus most of them still have a hard time in problem- solving.
5. 5. Logic Inductive Logic  involves thinking from a specific experience to a general principles. Deductive Logic  Using a general principle to determine the outcome of specific event.
6. 6. One of the most important developments in this stage is an understanding of reversibility, or awareness that actions can be reversed. An example of this is being able to reverse the order of relationships between mental categories.
7. 7. 3+7 = 3 + 4 = 7 7 – 4 = 3
8. 8. Cognitive Milestones Elementary- aged children learns in sequential manner, meaning they need to understand numbers before they can perform a mathematical equation. Each milestone that develops is dependent upon the previous milestone they achieve.
9. 9. Young primary- aged children can do the following:  can tell left from right  can able to speak and express themselves  in school, they share about themselves and their families  during play, they practice using the words and language they learn from school.
10. 10.  they start to understand times and days of the week  they enjoy rhymes, riddles and jokes  their attention span is longer  they can follow more involved stories  they are learning letters and words  by six, most can read words or combinations of words
11. 11. Information- Processing Skills Several theorists argue that:  like a computer, the human mind is a system that can process information through the application of logical rules and strategies.  they also believe that the minds receives information, performs operations to change its form and content, stores and locates it and generates responses from it.
12. 12. Short Term Memory Remembering something that we recently saw or heard Last for about 20 seconds
13. 13. Long Term Memory Procedural Memory Declarative Memory Episodic Memory Semantic Memory
14. 14. “…If you become a teacher, by your pupils you will be taught.” - O. Hammerstein
15. 15. Prepared by: Kimberly Norcio BEED -II